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Chetan Jolly DAILY GK UPDATE - 23rd April 1. RBI for two-stage verification for online transactions i. Worried over rising number of frauds in online banking, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has suggested that banks introduce two-stage authentication to ensure Read more ...
security of transactions. ii. The RBI report on ‘Enabling Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) in Payment System Applications’ said banks should also inform customers about risks associated with different types of online banking transaction. iii. Internet banking applications of all banks should mandatorily create authentication environment for password-based two-factor authentication as well as PKI-based system for authentication and transaction verification in online banking transaction,” the report said. iv. There are various PKI-enabled electronic payments systems introduced by the RBI such RTGS, NEFT, CBLO, Forex Clearing, Government Securities Clearing, and Cheque Truncation System (CTS). In volume terms, these systems contributed 25.1 per cent whereas these systems contributed 93.7 per cent share to the total payment transactions carried out in 2012-13 in value terms. v. “The objective of an effective payment system is to ensure a safe, secure, efficient, robust and sound payment system in the country. In order to secure electronic documents and transactions and to ensure legal compliance, digital technology is used,” it said. 2. RBI curbs banks from extending guarantees, ‘letters of comfort’ to overseas arms of firms i. The Reserve Bank of India on Tuesday imposed restrictions on non-fund based credit facilities — guarantees, stand-by letters of credit, letters of comfort, and so on — extended by banks to Indian companies’ overseas arms. ii. Further, the central bank disallowed repayment of rupee loans taken from the domestic banking system through external commercial borrowings (ECBs) extended by overseas branches/subsidiaries of Indian banks. iii. The overseas arms of India companies include joint ventures, wholly-owned subsidiaries, and wholly-owned step-down subsidiaries. The RBI directed banks, including their overseas branches/subsidiaries, not to issue non-fund based credit facilities on behalf of overseas arms of Indian companies for the purpose of raising loans/advances of any kind from other entities except in connection with the ordinary course of overseas business. Non-fund based credit This directive has been issued as the RBI has found that banks were extending non-fund based credit on behalf of Indian companies’ overseas arms for purposes which are not connected with their business. 3. A new book on Sachin Tendulkar i. Greater than Bradman: celebrating Sachin, the greatest batsman in Test history’, This is the title of a new book on cricket legend Sachin Tendulkar by Rudolph Lambert Fernandez, a Chennai-based author. ii. Tendulkar’s 41st birthday — his first after retirement — falls on April 24 and the author believes the book would present the Indian maestro as the greatest batsman of all time. iii. This book is a celebration of Sachin’s greatness and what he stood for on the cricket field. iv. It (the book) is an analysis. It is a first of its kind, forensic study that aims to set the record straight. The book uses illustrations from science, history and the martial arts to challenge the unanimous popular position. 4. Railways launches new mobile app to track train schedules i. Railways has launched a new mobile application which can be used for enquiries including train running status. ii. An official release issued in New Delhi said, the new mobile application will have various features including 'Spot your train' option where passengers can get information about current position, expected time of arrival and departure of a train at a particular station. iii. The 'Train Schedule' feature provides complete schedule of a train with all stoppages enroute and in Trains between Stations query, one can find out the list of all types of trains available between any two stations. iv. Besides, it also provides features for query on rescheduled, diverted and cancelled trains. The mobile App has been launched for Windows 8 phones and will be further developed for other mobile platforms. 5. DGCA allows in-flight use of mobiles, laptops on flight mode i. DGCA on Wednesday amended the rule which bans use of portable electronic devices (PEDs) and allowing their usage in all phases of flight but on a non -transmitting or flight mode. ii. Please put your mobile phones on the flight mode'. Now on, you may hear an airhostess announcing this before your flight takes off instead of asking you to switch it off!! iii. With the implementation of the new rule or Civil Aviation Requirement (CAR), flyers can now turn on their cellphones, tablets or laptops on 'flight mode' to work, play video games, listen to music, watch pre-loaded movies or type their emails. iv. The mails would, however, be sent only after the plane lands at an airport. v. Maintaining that this has been a long-pending demand of the airlines, aviation experts say it would give passengers more time to work or catch up on their chosen form of entertainment. vi. In particular, it would benefit those flying on no-frill carriers which provide no access to any in-flight entertainment. vii. The aviation regulator has also laid down training guidelines for the flight crew to handle the new facility being given to the air travellers. viii. The new rule also directs all airlines to report to the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) any suspected or confirmed PED interference or smoke or fire caused by them, the sources said. 6. India, Bhutan ink pact for hydropower JVs through PSUs of both countrie i. India and Bhutan have signed an agreement in Thimphu for further developing hydro power, strengthening bilateral relations and cementing strategic relations between the two countries. ii. The framework, Inter-Governmental Agreement between Bhutan and India concerning development of Joint Venture Hydropower Projects through the Public Sector Undertakings of the two Governments, was signed by the Secretary Ministry of Economic Affairs Bhutan , Mr. Sonam Tshering, Secretary Ministry of Power, Government of India Mr P.K. Sinha. iii. The Inter-Governmental agreement provides the framework for implementing four Hydro power projects totaling 2120 MW, on a Joint Venture-model between Public Sector Undertakings of the two countries. iv. At present three hydro-electric projects (HEPs) totaling 1416 Megawatt are already operational in Bhutan and are supplying electricity to India. Three more HEPs totalling 2940 MW , are under construction, and are scheduled to be commissioned by 2018. 7. Brazuca around the World launched by adidas on 2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil i. The adidas has started a weekly series of online documentary-style films titled Brazuca around the World to excite football fans as the 2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil gets closer. ii. The series of the film was launched by Adidas on its YouTube Channel on 22 April 2014. iii. The film has been shot via brazucam that involves six HD cameras, placed on the official ball of the 2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazil. Thebrazucam technology will allow its fan to enjoy a 360 degree view of the action. 8. Cadbury India changed its name to Mondelez India Foods Limited i. Cadbury India Limited announced to change its name to Mondelez India Foods Limited. Cadbury India Limited is a subsidiary of Mondelez International Inc. ii. The change in name of Cadbury is in line with the gradual changeover of the name of all subsidiaries of Mondelez International globally. Mondelez means monde for world and delez for delicious. iii. The new name of the company will appear on the back of pack of the products. iv. Mondelez International Inc. is a global snacking powerhouse with revenue of 35 billion US dollar. Mondelez is a member of the Standard and Poor’s 500, NASDAQ 100 and Dow Jones Sustainability Index. 9. Jaipur Literature Festival to go to London for a day i. For the first time, a day long event of the popular Jaipur Literature Festival will be organised in London as part of an annual festival of South Asian culture in the United Kingdom. ii. The organisers of JLF have partnered with renowned South Bank Centre for their festival of South Asian culture 'Alchemy' and will hold a day-long event on the lines of the annual literary festival held in Jaipur. iii. Alchemy, which will run from May 15-26, celebrates art and culture of countries of the Indian subcontinent and their relationship with the United Kingdom. iv. During the 10 day-long festival, the Jaipur Lit Fest is scheduled on May 18. v. "The Jaipur Literature Festival is one of the largest, greatest and most innovative literature festivals in the world and to welcome it to the Southbank Centre as part of Alchemy is a real privilege.” 10. Benfica won 33rd Portuguese league Football title after four years i. Benfica on 21 April 2014 won the 33rd Portuguese Football league title after four years. Benfica won the tittle by defeating the Olhanense by 2-0. Benfica won its first domestic title in 2009-10. ii. Benfica secured the title by winning 11 straight games in the league. Benfica's 11th successive league win gave them an unassailable seven-point lead over second-placed Sporting with two games to play. iii. Benfica also reached the final of the Portuguese Cup, and the semifinals of the Europa League and Portuguese League Cup. iv. Benfica and Porto have monopolized the league title since Sporting Lisbon last won it in 2001-02. About Benfica Benfica is a Portuguese multi-sport club based in Lisbon, Portugal. The club is mostly known for its professional football team. The club was founded on 28 February 1904. 11. Chitra Wins World Women's Senior snooker title i. Chitra Magimairaj showed tremendous grit and determination to pocket the Senior snooker title in her first appearance, in Leeds,UK, on Tuesday. ii. The Bangalore cueist won all her four matches without dropping a single set against accomplished snooker players from across 13 countries. iii. En route to her final clash with Alena Asmolava of Belarus, the 41-year-old also met compatriot Umadevi Nagraj in the semifinal match. iv. The former World Billiards champion Chitra has bagged three gold, three silver and three bronze medals in the WLBSA event so far. 12. Malinga is Sri Lanka's new T20 skipper i. Paceman Lasith Malinga, who led Sri Lanka to World Twenty20 title in Bangladesh, has been rewarded with the captaincy in the shortest format as struggling batsman Dinesh Chandimal got the axe on Wednesday. ii. Chandimal orginally was the captain of the side but Malinga had led the team in the final three games, including the summit clash, as stand-in-skipper in their successful campaign. iii. Chandimal, who at 23 became Sri Lanka's youngest captain in any format last year, has seen a dip in his batting form during the World T20. iv. Left-hand batsman Lahiru Thirimanna has been appointed as Malinga's deputy and will also be vice-captain in the Test and ODI team under skipper Angelo Mathews. v. The World T20 win became Sri Lanka's first major international title since they won the World Cup in 1996 under Arjuna Ranatunga. 13. India successfully test fires indigenous Akash missile i. India today test fired its Akash surface-to-air missile from a defence base in Odisha. ii. The indigenously developed missile, with a 27-km range and an effective ceiling of 15 km, was test fired from the Integrated Test Range of Chandipur in the coastal district of Balasore, 230 km from here. iii. The 700-kg all-weather missile can carry a 60-kg warhead at speeds of up to Mach 2.5. It can operate autonomously and simultaneously engage and neutralise different aerial targets. iv. Developed by DRDO, Akash is being produced by Bharat Dynamics Limited as the nodal production agency with the involvement of Bharat Electronics Limited and a large number of other industries.
7 hours ago
Shashikant Barnwal
Theschool Forbanking
GK Power Capsule – Current Affairs March 2014 (The Hindu Review) 1. Abdullah, the king of Saudi Arabia appointed his half-brother Moqren as the next heir to the throne. 2. Sunil Gavaskar was appointed as the interim president of the Board of Con Read more ...
trol for Cricket in India (BCCI) by the Supreme Court. Sunil Gavaskar replaced the present BCCI chief N Srinivasan. 3. Jens Stoltenberg was appointed as the Secretary General of North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO). He will replace the incumbent Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen. 4. General Sedki Sobhi was sworn-in as the new Defence Minister and Army Chief of Egypt. 5. Rajiv Takru was appointed as the Revenue Secretary. He will succeed Sumit Bose. 6. Rakesh Sethi was appointed as CMD of Allahabad Bank. 7. Sheila Dikshit, the former chief minister of Delhi was appointed as the 22nd Governor of Kerala. She will succeed Nikhil Kumar. 8. Indian-origin Gopal Rao won UK Twitter Prize. 9. Japanese architect Shigeru Ban won the Pritzker Architecture Prize 2014. 10. Govind Mishra, the renowned Hindi author will receive Sarawasti Samman for the year 2013 for his book Dhool Paudho Par published in 2008. 11. The 86th Annual Academy Oscar Awards 2014 - The best picture award was won by 12 Years A Slave of Steve McQueen. Best Actor – Matthew McConaughey (Film-Dallas Buyers Club), Best Actress - Cate Blanchett (Film - Blue Jasmine), Best Director - Alfonso Cuaron (Film – Gravity). 12. Physicist Rajesh Gopakumar was selected for G D Birla Award for scientific research for the year 2013. 13. The new Corporate Responsibility Regulations notified recently was not applicable to the State Bank of India, but it would comply voluntarily as SBI was created under SBI Act. 14. Indian journalist Shubranshu Choudhary won Google digital activism award for regional news service. 15. Tomas Halik, the Czech priest won the Templeton Prize for 2014. 16. President Pranab Mukherjee presented the President's Standard and Colours Award to 112 Helicopter Unit and President's Colour to 4 Base Repair Depot (BRD). 17. Indian writer Pankaj Mishra won Windham Campbell Literature Prize 2014 in non-fiction category. 18. US honoured Laxmi, an acid attack victim with the prestigious International Women of Courage Award. 19. Chandi Prasad Bhatt, the noted Gandhian environmentalist and social activist won the Gandhi Peace Prize for the year 2013. Bhatt was one of the pioneers of the Chipko movement. 20. Actor Arjun Kapoor was named as the brand ambassador of the Earth hour 2014. Earth hour is an initiative under which citizens are advised to switch off all electricity for an hour. It is organized by the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF). 21. Grand jury of US indicted Indian diplomat Devyani Khobragade, the person accused for visa fraud and for under paying her housekeeper. Earlier, the virtually identical charges against Devyani were dropped by a court on the ground that she enjoyed diplomatic immunity. 22. Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi, the Army Chief of Egypt resigned to contest in Presidential election. 23. Dr KC Chakrabarty, the Deputy Governor of the Reserve Bank of India resigned. Earlier, Anand Sinha retired from the position of Deputy Governor of RBI. 24. GK Pillai resigned as Chairman of MCX-SX on 14 March 2014. Consequently, current Vice Chairman and former LIC Chairman, Thomas Mathew T was elected as new Chairman. 25. Nandan Nilekani resigned as chairman of the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI). He joined the Congress Party to contest Lok Sabha Polls from the Bangalore South constituency. 26. Chief Financial Officer (CFO) of Apple Inc Peter Oppenheimer announced his retirement. 27. Veteran film actress of Hindi and Marathi films, Nanda died. 28. Khushwant Singh, the renowned author and journalist died. 29. Ahmad Tejan Kabbah, the former President and leader of Sierra Leone died. 30. South China Sea-Malaysia Airlines flight MH370 disappeared in the South China Sea. 31. Union Ministry of Minority Affairs launched Nalanda Project for Minorities Higher Educational Institutions. 32. Union Ministry of Minority Affairs launched a new initiative Maulana Azad Sehat Scheme for the welfare of minorities. 33. India was ranked fourth in a Microsoft report in the list of the countries sending out spam e-mails. India has followed three nations namely USA, China, UK. 34. India’s import of weapon systems is three times more than Pakistan and China. The report published by as Swedish Think Tank, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) has claimed that India continues to be the largest buyer of arms in the world. 35. Mumbai was the least expensive major city for expatriates among the major cities of the world. This was revealed in a report released by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU). After Mumbai, Karachi and New Delhi are the least expensive city in the world. Singapore was ranked as the most expensive city. 36. The Third Nuclear Security Summit was held in The Hague, Netherlands from 24 to 25 March 2014. 37. A non-profit group Vandana Foundation launched AQUATM in Mumbai. The AQUATM is a water vending machine from which water can be purchased. 38. A multi-pronged National campaign on Dengue, U & Me Against Dengue, was launched to eradicate dengue across six Indian cities with public private partnership. 39. Union Defence Ministry ordered a CBI investigation into the purchase of jet fighter engines from Britain’s Rolls-Royce that worth 10000 crore rupees. 40. Indian Navy successfully completed Theatre Level Operational Readiness Exercise (TROPEX), one of its largest war drills spread over Indian Ocean, Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal region. 41. India and Nepal started a joint military exercise at Saljhandi in Rupandehi district of Nepal. The two week exercise named Ex-Surya Kiran Drills VI. 42. Third BIMSTEC (Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation) Summit was held from 1 March to 4 March 2014 in Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar. Indian Prime Minster visited Myanmar. 43. Sumith Nakandala was appointed as the first Secretary General of BIMSTEC. 44. The Union Cabinet gave its approval for the setting up of 54 Kendriya Vidyalayas, four National Institutes of Design (NIDs), and 3,500 model schools at the block level in Educationally Backward Blocks (EBBs). The proposal to set up new KVs during the 12th Five Year Plan period. 45. Various Central agencies cleared seven major National Highway projects, including the Delhi-Meerut Expressway, pertaining mostly to Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Haryana and Punjab and Rajasthan. 47. The Centre assailed the January 21 Supreme Court verdict commuting the death sentence of 15 convicts to life term, saying the President’s decision in disposing of a mercy petition was beyond judicial review. 48. With a view to promoting affordable and effective generic drugs, the Centre has asked the States to provide space in government hospitals for their sale so that more Jan Aushadhi Stores could be opened. 49. President Pranab Mukherjee gave his assent to the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Bill, 2014 that would pave way for the creation of the State of Telangana, and approved the Cabinet’s recommendation to impose Central rule in the State. 50. Russia’s Parliament has approved the use of armed force in Ukraine, even as the West warned Moscow not to intervene in the troubled post-Soviet state. 51. Lieutenant-Governor Najeeb Jung approved a proposal to bring back trams in Chandni Chowk area. 52. Justice G. Rohini is set to become the first woman Chief Justice of the Delhi High Court. 53. Two fund houses of SBI and Axis have filed papers with the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) to start mutual fund schemes linked to inflation-indexed bonds. 54. Former Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) Chairman J. S. Sarma, an advocate of telecom sector reforms, has passed away. 55. The Union government has raised by 10 to 20 basis points the interest rates on select fixed deposit schemes offered by post offices. The rate hike will come into effect from April 1, 2014. The rate hike decision is in line with the recommendations of the Shyamala Gopinath Committee. 56. With the provisional exclusion of the Indian Boxing Federation (IBF), the International Boxing Association (AIBA) has suggested that a new national federation be floated to revive the country’s relations with the international boxing community. The AIBA, which suspended the IBF on December 6, 2012 due to alleged irregularities in its elections held that year. 57. RBI decided to allow foreign inward remittances received under money transfer service scheme (MTSS) directly into the bank account of the beneficiary through electronic modes such as national electronic funds transfer (NEFT) and immediate payment service (IMPS). 58. The elections for the 16th Lok Sabha, along with the Assembly polls in Andhra Pradesh, Odisha and Sikkim, will be held on nine different dates. The first date is April 7 and the last is May 12. Counting of votes will be held on May 16. Chief Election Commissioner V.S. Sampath, accompanied by Election Commissioners H.S. Brahma and S.N.A. Zaidi, said Bihar and Uttar Pradesh would have the maximum of six polling dates each. 59. The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) has urged the Uttar Pradesh government to take immediate action to end the strike by government doctors which has resulted in "violation of people’s right to health and life.” 60. India’s current account deficit (CAD) narrowed sharply to $4.2 billion (0.9 per cent of gross domestic product (GDP)) in the third quarter of the current financial year. 61. Telecom subscribers across the country can now register complaints by dialling a special toll free number 1063. 62. At Graphic Era University in Dehradun as Arvind Mishra, a young assistant professor of Mechanical Engineering, broke the Guinness record of 121 hours in the non-stop lecturing category. 63. For the first time candidates will have the option of e-filing their affidavits in the coming Lok Sabha and Assembly polls. The mandatory affidavits (Form 26), to be submitted at the time of filing nomination papers, include information on the candidate’s assets (movable and immovable property), property and accounts abroad, liabilities, educational qualifications and criminal antecedents, if any, and the name of the spouse and dependents. 64. Bharatiya Mahila Bank (BMB) will celebrate International Women's Day by organising financial literacy camps for women. All the 12 branches of the bank will organise financial literacy camps on March 8. 65. China announced its biggest hike in military spending in three years, with its defence budget set to cross $130 billion in the coming year. 66. Tata Motors said it had tied up with Bharatiya Mahila Bank to provide retail finance to its passenger vehicle customers. 67. Bihar is India’s fastest growing State with its Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) growing at 15.05 per cent during 2012-13. According to the CSO data, Gujarat grew at 7.96 per cent, ranked sixth, behind Bihar, Madhya Pradesh (9.89 per cent), Goa (8.47 per cent), Kerala (8.24 per cent) and Odisha (8.09 per cent). The all-India economic growth in 2012-13 was 4.47 per cent. 68. A high-power committee under the Financial Stability and Development Council (FSDC) has been set up to find ways for the banking sector to comply with Basel-III capital norms. The decision was taken at a sub-committee meeting of FSDC chaired by Reserve Bank of India (RBI) Governor Raghuram Rajan. 69. Myanmar received the award of World’s Best Tourist Destination for 2014 by the European Union Council on Tourism and Trade. 70. To expedite proceedings against sitting MPs and MLAs in criminal cases, the Supreme Court asked lower courts to complete trial within a year of framing of charges. 71. Two Russian cosmonauts and an American astronaut landed back on Earth in Kazakhstan after a stay of more than half a year aboard the International Space Station (ISS). 72. China said it would allow, for the first time, the setting up of five private banks on a trial basis. 73. Bharatiya Mahila Bank Limited, the first women’s bank and a wholly-owned government institution, proposes to open 55 more branches in Tier 4, Tier-5 and Tier-6 cities in 2014-15. 74. Gold and silver imports declined by 71.4 per cent to $1.63 billion in February mainly due to restrictions imposed by the government. 75. The Supreme Court declined to review its January 21 verdict, commuting the death sentence of 15 convicts to life term because of inordinate delay on the part of the President in disposing of their mercy petitions. 76. Rakesh Sethi took over as Chairman and Managing Director of Allahabad Bank. 77. The U.S. financial regulator warned consumers that using the online currency Bitcoin was fraught with risks, including theft by hacking and fraud. 78. The Director General of Civil Aviation has come out with new detailed guidelines for the physically challenged travelling by air, making it clear that no airline can refuse to fly them. 79. India and Bangladesh are keen to increase business relations by setting up inland waterways for hassle-free movement of cargo. 80. Singapore’s central bank said it would regulate ‘intermediaries’ for the Bitcoin virtual currency to prevent them from being used for money laundering and terrorist financing. 81. India’s foreign exchange reserves jumped by $1.088 billion to touch $295.45 billion during the week ended March 7, 2014. 82. Crimea declared independence from Ukraine and applied to rejoin Russia. Nearly 97 percent of voters said “yes” to revert to Russia. 83. Designed and built using a $777,000 grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the self-contained, waterless toilet with its innovative technology converts human waste to biochar, a highly porous charcoal. It aims to provide an eco-friendly solution to help some of the 2.5 billion people around the world lacking safe sanitation. 84. Facebook chief Mark Zuckerberg said he had called President Barack Obama to complain that the U.S. government is undermining confidence in the Internet with vast, secret surveillance programmes. 85. Wholesale Price Index Inflation slipped to a nine-month low of 4.68 per cent in February. 86. Goldman Sachs Asset Management (India) has announced the launch of CPSE-ETF (Central Public Sector Enterprise Exchange Traded Fund) new fund offer, which tracks the central public sector enterprises (CPSE) index. Through this fund, investors can invest in Maharatnas, Navratnas and Miniratnas companies. 87. The Andhra Pradesh State government has in principle decided for the Rs. 1,000-crore Missile Test Launch Facility project proposed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) in Nagayalanka mandal of Krishna district. 88. For the first time, a large section of the still classified Henderson Brooks Report, which details a comprehensive operational review of India’s military debacle in India China war 1962, has been made public. 89. El Salvador’s election officials declared Sanchez Ceren the winner in presidential election. 90. Ludhiana and Kanpur are among the 10 most polluted cities in the world, says the World Health Organisation. Ludhiana made it to the fourth position along with Quetta in Pakistan. Kanpur made it to the ninth position. The most polluted city in the world is Ahvaz in Iran. 91. The Election Commission has directed content managers of social networking sites to make sure that candidates do not post anything violative of the model code of conduct. The guidelines will be applicable to a range of Internet-based social media including Twitter, YouTube, Facebook and Wikipedia. 92. The All India Bank Employees’ Association has sought the immediate intervention of Chief Election Commissioner V.S. Sampath to disqualify top loan defaulters from entering the poll fray. 93. The Home Ministry has taken action against about 19,000 non-government organisations which did not file returns within the stipulated time period. 94. Reserve Bank of India has warned all domestic banks to take steps before Microsoft ends its Windows XP software support from April 8, 2014. 95. A city court directed Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Jayalalithaa and her close aide N. Sasikala to appear before it on April 3 to face trial in cases pertaining to alleged failure to file Income Tax returns. 96. The Central Government will sell 4.2 crore shares or 9 per cent stake in Axis Bank. The government holds about 20.72 per cent of the shares of the third largest Indian private sector bank through the Specified Undertaking of UTI (Unit trust of India). 97. The EU welcomed Ukraine into the Western fold, signing the political provisions of a landmark accord. European Union leaders agreed sanctions against top Russian politicians and stepped up efforts to cut the bloc’s debilitating energy dependence on Russia. 98. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) Governor Raghuram Rajan said that the central bank was yet to take a decision on Urjit Patel committee report which had suggested an inflation target and was still in discussion with the government on the subject. 99. British retail major Tesco announced that it was forming an equal joint venture with Trent Ltd., a part of the Tata Group, by picking up 50 per cent stake in Trent Hypermarket Ltd (THL) for about Rs.850 crore. 100. North Korea test-fired 30 short-range missiles into the sea. The missiles are estimated to have flown about 60 km. 102. ‘Book your own coach’ – is the latest initiative rolled out by the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) for the benefit of foreign travellers, tourists and students. 103. The Bharatiya Mahila Bank (BMB) will open three more branches in three capital cities of the northeastern States - Agartala (Tripura), Shillong (Meghalaya) and Itanagar (Arunachal Pradesh). 104. Prime Minister Muhammed Nawaz Sharif said that Pakistan had postponed giving India the Most Favoured Nation (MFN) status. 105. The Election Commission of India (ECI) has clarified that poll campaign-related news appearing in newspapers and channels owned by political parties will fall under the purview of paid news. 106. Bank of India launched IMT (Instant Money Transfer), which allows cardless cash withdrawal at its IMT-enabled ATMs, a first-of-its-kind initiative by any public sector bank. The facility can be initiated by the bank’s customer over bank’s ATM and retail Internet banking. The sender initiates IMT by providing receiver’s mobile number, four digits sender code and the IMT amount. Monthly withdrawal limit prescribed for IMT transaction is Rs.25,000 for receiver, and per transaction limit of Rs.10,000. IMT, once issued, is valid for 14 days. 107. The Election Commission (EC) has directed the government to defer notification of the order on gas price hike till the end of the general election in the third week of May. 108. After having launched its first ATM a year ago, Tata Communications Payment Solutions Limited (TCPSL) which is the first non-banking firm to launch its ATM network or white label ATMs said it plans to roll out 15,000 ATMs across India by June 2016. 109. The G8 group of top economic powers have suspended Russia for annexing Crimea, and has threatened to impose far-reaching sanctions if Moscow continued its incursion into Ukraine. The U.S. and six other economic powers also scrapped the G8 summit to be hosted by Russia in Sochi in June. 110. More than a year after the shocking Delhi gang rape, the Indian Ordinance factory launched a light-weight revolver, “Nirbheek,” designed especially for women to defend themselves from assault. 111. Shigeru Ban, Japanese architect known for his creative and inexpensive designs for disaster relief shelters, has won the 2014 Pritzker Architecture Prize. 112. The death sentence passed by an Egyptian court against 529 supporters of ousted Egyptian President Mohamed Morsy has triggered an outcry among a wide cross section of the legal community. 113. The Reserve Bank of India simplified foreign portfolio investment norms. The portfolio investor registered in accordance with the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) guidelines shall be called Registered Foreign Portfolio Investor (RFPI). The existing portfolio investor class, namely, Foreign Institutional Investor (FII) and Qualified Foreign Investor (QFI) registered with SEBI shall be subsumed under RFPI. 114. Creating a new Guinness world record, over two-and-half lakh Bangladeshis performed a chorus of their national anthem at the national parade ground to mark the country’s 43rd Independence Day. 115. European Union member states decided to ban the import of five types of fruits and vegetables from India. 116. The U.N. Human Rights Council launched an inquiry into alleged war crimes in Sri Lanka, despite Colombo’s fierce efforts to block an investigation. In a 23-12 vote, the council backed a Western-sponsored resolution to investigate into alleged serious violations and abuses of human rights. India, for the first time, abstained from voting. 117. The discovery of two more mounds in January at the Harappan site of Rakhigarhi in Hisar district, Haryana, has led to archaeologists establishing it as the biggest Harappan civilisation site. 118. Supreme Court directed all the States to abolish manual scavenging and take steps for rehabilitation of such workers. 119. The World Health Organisation (WHO) South-East Asia Region, home to a quarter of the world’s population, was certified polio-free by an independent commission under the WHO certification process. 120. Russian mathematician Yakov Grigorevich Sinai, one of the most influential mathematicians of the 20th Century, has been chosen for the 2014 Abel Prize by the Norwegian Academy of Science Letters. 121. The U.N. General Assembly adopted a Western-backed resolution declaring Crimea’s referendum illegitimate and refusing to recognise Russia’s annexation of the peninsula. The non-binding resolution was passed in the 193-member body, with 100 votes in favour and 11 against. 122. Outgoing Finance Minister P. Chidambaram has threatened action by India against Switzerland at global forums such as G20 for its persistent denial to share information on Indians stashing money in its banks. Indian tax authorities have sought information on Indians with accounts in Swiss banks under the Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement (DTAA). 123. Srei Infrastructure Finance is planning to start roll-out of its while label ATMs (WLAs) between July and September starting with a pilot of 200 Tier-III towns in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. 124. The Reserve Bank of India extended the transitional period for banks to complete the full implementation of Basel-III capital regulations up to March 31, 2019, instead of March 31, 2018. 125. Government has set up a Tax Administration Reform Commission comprising officials from public and private sector agencies. Parthasarathi Shome is the chairman this Commission. 126. The Competition Commission of India (CCI) imposed a penalty of Rs 1 crore on Google for failing to provide information related to an investigation into its alleged unfair trade practices in India. 127. Tata Group and Singapore Airlines received the mandatory security clearance. While both partners will initially invest $100 million, Tata Sons will be the majority partner with 51% stake. SIA will hold 49%. 128. Indian exports will fall short of the USD 325 billion target envisaged in the current fiscal. For the April-February period, the country's merchandise exports were up 4.79 per cent to USD 282.7 billion. Imports during the 11-month period fell 8.65 per cent to USD 410.86 billion. The trade deficit during this period was USD 128 billion. 129. The Supreme Court restrained the Centre and the Unique Identification Authority of India from sharing the vast biometric database of Aadhaar cards with any third party or agency without the consent of the registered person. It also ruled that people cannot be denied any service or benefit for not having an Aadhaar card. 130. Consumer Price Index Inflation declined to 8.1 per cent. 131. Foreign direct investment (FDI) into the services sector declined by about 60 per cent to USD 1.59 billion in the first nine months of this financial year. 132. The Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion had proposed relaxation of FDI norms in the construction sector and 100 per cent FDI in the railway sector. 133. India and the United States have decided to enhance cooperation for automatic exchange of information on tax evasion and detection of financial crimes, shoring up efforts to crackdown on black money cases involving economic channels of the two countries. 134. China has emerged India’s biggest trading partner in the current fiscal replacing the UAE. 135. Kotak Mahindra Bank announced the launch of Jifi, a first-of-its-kind fully integrated social bank account that transcends normal digital banking by seamlessly incorporating social networking platforms like Twitter and Facebook with mainstream banking. 136. Country's largest lender the State Bank of India (SBI) will sell bad loans amounting to Rs 3,000 crore in the last quarter of the ongoing fiscal to the Asset Reconstruction Companies. 137. RBI has decided to withdraw the pre-2005 currency notes from circulation and asked the holders of such currency to exchange them by January 1, 2015. The earlier deadline was June 30. Thereafter, people would have had to produce identity proof to exchange more than 10 notes of Rs 500 and Rs 1,000. Meanwhile, banks have been advised to stop re-issue of the pre-2005 series notes over the counters/through ATMs. 138. Central Bank of India has sold its entire stake in credit information provider CIBIL to Transunion International Inc. Central Bank had a 5 per cent stake in CIBIL while Transunion is the majority shareholder in CIBIL at 27.5 per cent.
8 hours ago
Syalvifoundationinternational essay - Role of Media Media in Pakistan:- "When complaints are freely heard, deeply considered, and speedily reformed, then is the utmost bound of civil liberty attained, that wise men look for."-- Milton No power on this earth can block the truth Read more ...
as it is God who, being the truth Himself, guards it. Nowhere in history could the truth ever be suppressed, it always revealed itself in some other form and with dangerous consequences. British philosopher John Stuart Mill underlined the need for free speech mainly for three reasons. He believed that freedom to read or write is an important element to expose and reveal the truth, to ensure self-development and self-fulfillment of citizens and to help ensure participation of the citizens in a democracy. The Pakistani media is an enthusiastic member of the new warrior clan of the 21st century and despite belonging to war-torn country, is playing active role in keeping with the demands of the modern times. By airing divergent views and engaging in cross questioning on significant national and social issues the media reflects and informs public opinion and practically shares the task of the parliament. Investigative reporting and live discussions can undermine the spell of many a magicians. This has facilitated public access to the hitherto unseen workings of the political and bureaucratic set-up while simultaneously highlighting the injustices suffered by the common man as a result of the shady practices of the elite. After a significant role of media in restoring the judicial crisis, media has an unprecedented ability to act as a catalyst in civil society efforts to strengthen democratic polity. The fundamental ingredient making democracy possible is the flow of information. The media (plural of medium )electronic, print, cyber and internet ensures this flow of information. If restricted, censored or hindered in any way the people will remain ignorant, ignorant of events, ignorant of their rights, their duty to the State, their needs and the role that they can play for the betterment of the society they live in and the country as a whole. Macaulay called the Press as Fourth Estate of the government, but the advent of technology the media has gained new dimension, great strength and very sharp transforming the present age into information explosion. The media plays an extremely important role in transmitting the claims of social, economic and political movements to the decision-makers and the public. A free press and electronic media is an essential attribute today of a democratic polity because only these sources of information can keep not only information flowing freely but also help maintain a constant dialogue between the policy makers and the masses. How did TV Channels Emerged in Pakistan: Surprisingly, the free electronic media in Pakistan was initiated by a dictator General Musharraf, though he had his own interests to present himself as a democrat President before the West. Growth of Satellite system facilitated it technical side. President Musharraf to project Enlightened Moderation and democratic image. Multinationals’ advertisements provided huge income to make the business viable. The peoples’ interest in watching their issues instead of traditional dramas and movies. The world after 9/11 and talk shows got the attention of the Pakistanis and the Muslim world. Talented anchor persons became the voice of the people. Less readership and more viewer ship due to busy life spread the culture of watching. Availability of TV sets due to China imports and cheap manufacturing in Pakistan. New local government system in 2001 and 2002 the urgency to provide electronic media at the grass-roots level. Allowing media freedom was not a choice for Pakistan’s establishments. It was their compulsion. During the Kargil conflict the Pakistani establishment had learnt the bitter lesson that PTV commanded only a limited audience. People watched Zee News and other Indian channels to get the other side of the story. In this backdrop it was decided the Pakistan needed its own independent electronic media channels. Western Media and need for local Media: The Western Media Cover Iraq, or Afghanistan, WMD. A.Q. Khan, London bombings, Pope’s remarks about Islam or Islamabad agreement with tribal elders in South Waziristan, but with its own comments and showing one as Hero and other as Villain. The world is in the grip of War of Media. Johann Galtung, a distinguished journalist, maintains that media projects violence without analyzing its causes for unresolved issues portrays one side as’ ‘Evil’ and the other as ‘Liberator.’ Kevin Doyle quotes the theory of ‘Propaganda Model’ and explains that the modern Media promotes the division within the global village which is enhancing insecurity. The US controlled western media, is blaming Islam and Muslims as terrorists. If some Muslims are terrorists, it does not prove over a billion Muslims are terrorists. Former President CBS News, Richard Salient reveals, “Our job is to give people not what they want, but we decide they ought to have.” Miracles of Electronic Media: Modern-day electronic media, on the other hand, has employed advanced technology to wage a bloodless war in the form of investigative reporting and live debates. The combined usage of auditory and visual sensory perceptions by the electronic media can succeed in stimulating deep emotions and sensations. Televised news is the most powerful medium today, especially in Pakistan where the literacy rate is extremely low. Due to impact of TV channels, the people are more informed. The electronic media, along with the print media, often criticize the government for going against the spirit of the constitution, violating democratic traditions and being unaccountable to the public at large for inflation, unemployment, poverty, deterioration of the law and order situation and highhandedness against opposition. It can be used as a motivational force to bring consensus on vital issues like education and health. The truth is that the significance of the media as a medium of interconnectedness of human affairs cannot be undermined in an age of rapid globalization. It seems to have overtaken the press in forms of impact on the target population in as much as it reproduces events and characters on the screen directly and promptly. The advent of independent TV channels in the country substantially transformed our culture and political discourse. Television is far more effective pervasive, intensive and graphic than print media. Its impact on the public mind is substantially higher than that of the print media. Live coverage on television not only provides us with the most up-to-date information about events but also engages the viewer in a way that print media cannot do the in the same way. It is usually claimed that the job of the media is the dispassionate presentation of facts. The fact is that the job of the media person is not to serve as a post office but more importantly to educate the public through informed reporting so as to facilitate as objective an opinion formation as possible. A free media that works conscientiously can serve as the collective conscience at the national and international level. This, however, is often easier said than done. The reporter or journalist is after all human and endowed with biases and in some cases prejudices and as with all power bases the media too is vulnerable to the corruption of the absolute power. There will always be those in their ranks who can be bought with cash or perks or promises of paradise. But then there will always be those who are not purchasable because they know that their reporting can make or break individuals, communities and nations -- a heavy burden indeed. Positive Effects: Political Analysis: The skilled and bold personality of anchor person raises people’s voice and clearly asks the real point of the crisis. They analyze government actions, either in favor or against the masses and develop the opinions of the experts. Media is serving as true democratic notion of people’s participation. The general peoples’ criticism, analysis, and comments are added. which also act as a catharsis. The ruling feel shame while speaking bluff in live shows before the millions of the citizens. Media successfully informs the whole world against any injustice and shows world’ criticism which compel the government to change its autocratic orders. Economic Debate Shows government’s projects internationally to get foreign investment by projecting the benefits of the enterprise. Advertising to maintain competition among various companies which facilitates the public. Like, mobile phones and their lowering prices. It represents new business trends going in the world and offering the new opportunities for the investors. Performance of stock exchange keeps update the investors. Spreads technical education to learn the working of the machinery. Social Awareness: Bring the world at doorstep with its various trends, colors and life styles. Changes moods and behavior of people from conservative to liberal. Bold topics through dramas and talk shows to purify the society from superstitions, evils and fake stories. New household styles to upgrade the living standards. Guides the youth for new opportunities and to compete with the world in all fields of life. Creates civic sense. Religion Clarifications: Authentic information by the competent scholars instead of narrow minded and ignorant clerics who have changed the world into hell. Solutions of answers of publics’ questions which remain unheared and unexplained. Highlights religious events like Mohram, Eid, Mairaj and the holy ramazan. Sectarian harmony is minimized by putting forward the views of competent and enlightened Ulamas. Negative Effects: Political gimmick: Blackmailing by the media persons to get personal gains as now practically, media is not answerable before any institution. Sensationalism of news to get cheap popularity. To show one as Evil and other as Liberator by continuously repeating the comments or visuals. Social Evils: Vulgarity due to inflow of foreign culture. The English and Indian channels are affecting the moral of the youth. Time wastage due to constant watching the dramas. More materialism by diminishing simplicity. Generation gap is increasing on account of fast approach towards life. Religious impressions: Weakening religious impressions due to foreign culture and time wastage. Challenges to Media: · The violence stricken areas like FATA, Balochistan, the journalists are terribly vulnerable. In 2008, almost 12 journalists were killed and 6 in 2009. It has curbed the free flow of information. Pakistan is facing conflict of ideologies between conservative and secular approaches. Therefore media is cautious in debating on such sensitive issues The government indirectly restricts media by withholding advertisements. Media monopoly by big groups is also obstructing the expansion of smaller channels PAMERA have frequently threatened to cancel the license. Also other government agencies pressurize. The political issues are so debated that other social, religious and psycholoigical aspects are not properly addressed. Though the media as an institution enjoys enormous power and influence, media organizations are not charity houses: they operate as businesses and have commercial interests. There is a natural tendency to indulge in corruption and malpractice when an institution enjoys absolute power, particularly in the absence of a strong system of accountability. The Government verses Media Our country is rapidly drifting towards destruction due to the ever-increasing corruption and poor governance. Since independence, corruption and mismanagement have become common norms. Now media has to work hard to sweep the dirt. As a result, the government considers it as humiliation and defeat. The anchors like Kamran khan, Dr Shahid Masood, Hamid Mir, luqman Mubasher, Talat Hussain etc. have successfully criticized missing people, steel mills case, Kerry Lugar bill, NRO, rental projectors, victimization by members of the assemblies and the inside stories of DEALS with each other. This government has no ability or a morally upright resource to take cognisance of it; our attorney-general has resigned due to corruption charges, the minister for parliamentary affairs has been named in a corruption case involving tens of million rupees and it is needless to mention the conduct of our ex-chief justice Abdul Hameed Dogar. The banning of Meray Mutabiq is unacceptable to 170 million Pakistanis who believe in the freedom of speech. This is an attack on free speech and the media by the current regime which must be resisted. Dr Shahid Masood has been bringing the facts before the nation. He is a professional journalist and must be allowed to continue his show. PEMRA and Freedom of Media The Authority is responsible for facilitating and regulating the establishment and operation of all broadcast media and distribution services in Pakistan. The mandate of PEMRA is ensure accountability, transparency and good governance by optimization the free flow of information. But the ex-President Mushraf issued orders’ “To seize broadcast equipment or seal the premises.” When journalist refused to be overawed by indirect threats, a draconian law in the form of the Pemra (Amendment) Ordinance, 2007, was promulgated. This law is on its face contrary to Article 19 to the Constitution of Pakistan, 1973, which guarantees freedom of speech, expression and the press…. To raise the fine of violations tenfold and if required to suspend the lincense.” Sensationalism in the Media: What is sensationalism? Dog bites Man. This is old news. We already know the outcome. Man bites Dog. This is sensationalism: it immediately stirs the listener’s mind and is the cause for great hype. The dramatic background music, images of clashes between security officials and civilians, and riots all form a part of sensationalism, enticing the viewer to turn on the television set. Whatever the truth, does not matter, television is selling, making money and that is the true motive. On the other hand the growing trend in broadcast media for attracting anchors on heavy remunerations, anchors who possess skills of creating sensationalism and who spice news with hypothesis, is an example of how media channels are departing from objectivity and balanced reporting. Furthermore, the frequent switching of anchors from one channel to another mainly for economic gains in utter disregard of the basic ethos of the journalistic profession also supports the argument that broadcast media in Pakistan is headed for over-commercialization. These channels sometimes most of the time have been guilty of over-doing things with their moment-by-moment commentary. Give them some time (a decade at least!), they’ll mature over time. Also they would just cut anybody, a politician would be there talking and they will cut him in the middle saying buhat buhat shukriya app ka During the Lal masjid episode she even once said to DG ISPR app qaum ko koi pegham dena chahin ge. he said, BB main yahan apni duty de raha hoon, qaum ko pegham dene nahin aya. The claim of Sub se pehley has started a mad race. The media has realized its power and ability to penetrate an innocent mind and they are exercising it so savagely. The private channels are owned by big investors with a purpose to enhance business. They have to afford massive expenses, so, competition to excel others makes them irresponsible. In order to attract more view ship and resultantly more commercials-they even sometimes forget the damage caused to national interest. A bold and blunt anchor person undermines the set standards. The petty events are heightened. Tiny is made mighty and vice versa-on the grounds of personal grudges or at the behest of the owners. Moreover still, the mood of the public is not as mature as in the strong democracies due to lack of education and weak sociopolitical and cultural norms. Causes of Controlled Media: The imperial heritage has been hallmark about politics. In Pakistan, not only the dictators but also the civilians rulers took unconstitutional steps, covered their own corruption along with their associates. Internal corruption of judiciary all were only possible with a curbed media. Narrow minded religious parties once the blue eyed boys of the military restricted media freedom. Media has been the fear of every general after taking over the government. The illiterate masses have been exerting zero pressure on the policy makers. The reason for different views are the investors. If a party or institution invests in the media, they want to see their own views reflected. The views reflected are not necessarily of the public, nor of the employees, rather, the views of those who pay wages to these employees, in turn shaping not only their view, but also the public. Corporate barons who own a large chunk of the Pakistani Media obeyed the official orders to get monetary benefits. Pakistan has failed to spawn a free and fair political culture attuned to the expectations of its people. Journalists have been intimated and humiliated by the denizens of power and their agents. The vigilantes of the political parties, too-especially the religion-oriented ones-also contribute generously to making the lives of journalists miserable. Everyone wants the journalists to obey their orders. Suggestions: The media as an institution and fourth estate is accountable to the public and responsible for its actions. Media practitioners should stop thinking they are above the law. Let the media introduce an internal scheme of checks and balances. Undoubtedly, this is an uphill task. Accountability of the media is not possible under the disputed regulatory regime. Media organizations and civil society should jointly constitute a commission for this task. The recent coming together of several leading TV channels to frame rules for terrorism coverage is a step in the right direction. This move may help purge the elements abusing the power of the media in violation of the public mandate. The aim of media activism should be to strengthen the weak and vulnerable segments of society. It is they who need our support, activism is not merely reporting but it involves deep passion and research. While covering a big story, especially in the war zones, the human sides of a conflict are often ignored by the general media. Here media activism can play its true role in reminding the world of the miseries and sufferings of the ignored segments of society. In the same context the NRO has made even the highest office of the country questionable. In such an environment it is the honest and straight-forwarded media which can make some difference by acting as a pressure group and the recent action of the government amounts to treason. First and foremost, media must help in stabilizing the national institutions and national socio-economic, political and administrative structure by pointing out the flow and appreciating any rod work done by the Government or State institutions and organizations in private sector. Serving the country honestly and sincerely must be projected. The need to strengthen our socio-cultural and ideological foundations was never so great as it is today. There is cultural invasion from the West and Indian TV channels and Cable TV networks. Our values are being attacked and are in danger. Media must build our confidence and faith in our values. We as viewer should mend ourselves, so that we may not be carried away with the media hype. We should know when t o stop viewing the repeated hysterics. Media going through a turbulent transition, with a new found liberties. It is hoped they will settle to a saner posture in due course. It must create a pride in our glorious past, our culture and our way of living. Pakistan is the seventh atomic power in the world and the only Muslim country, which has achieved this status. This is a matter of great pride and prestige. We have mat beautiful normative and social value structure, which needs to be preserved, promoted and strengthened. Media must help sustain confidence in our national institutions such as parliament, armed forces and our social structure. Erosion of such confidence in our institutional set-up can be dangerous. All problems and issues such as relating to functioning of our institutional framework have to be explained effectively to the people so that they develop a positive opinion and attitude. At present, we are living in a world, which is moving too fast. And in the ensuing din and noise masses must be helped by the mass media to see things clearly so that they are not misled. The prime objective of media must be national stability in all its dimensions. A social and political climate needs to be created in which people could engage-themselves in positive and healthy activities and could contribute to the overall national development. The feelings of despondency, frustration and deviant tendencies need to be neutralized. Only an effective media, can do this. This also places far greater responsibility on the shoulders of those running its affairs. The nature of their functions is such that all those involved in the process including reporters, analysts, anchors, editorial staff and the management are required to make difficult choice every day. It is essential for their credibility that they remain visibly impartial, evenhanded and demand from the passions of the moment. A system of journalistic accountability, both internal and external, is in place on the news side, which leads to more responsible reporting and editing. The sudden boom in the media has led to severe shortages of trained manpower, so that people can be appointed to positions that require more journalistic experience than they really have. The print and broadcast media must make every effort to ensure that their coverage is factual, balanced and informed. Live pictures must be responsibly broadcast. Conclusion: To summarize, media can help stabilize and strengthen the country by playing educational and informative role and by imparting knowledge to the masses as knowledge is power and only a well-informed society can develop a positive approach towards fife. The objective of media freedom can be realized only when public trust and confidence reposed in the media is respected and protected by the media itself by acting as a true watchdog, keeping an eye on the government on behalf of the public. “Freedom of conscience, of education, of speech, of assembly, is among the very fundamentals of democracy and all of them would be nullified if freedom of the press be successfully challenged,” maintained US president Roosevelt. This is an era of satellite televisions, internet connectivity, and mobile telephony. US constitution categorically forbids: “Congress shall make no law abridging the freedom of speech or of press.”
9 hours ago
Celeste Ogilvy 25 mins till I'm on tv channel 9 7 pm a current affair
11 hours ago
Joyman Xavio A reposte of one gentleman Mr. Kr Raj posted by him in vajiram and ravi page.. nice ideas though. So i thought of sharing it with you guys.. :-) ********************** It may be helpful for you if you r stuck in confusion over UPSC preparation guid Read more ...
ance/coaching selection/material authenticity etc. ... 1... Its difficult to prepare for UPSC from outside Delhi without any good guidance. Well i am not a UPSC exam expert but yes gave mains+ interview( last yr and this yr abt to) and staying in delhi for preparation, so have some experience . So let me help you out.. 2... Well as a matter of fact for UPSC General studies coaching is no more important ( Actually it is a wastage of money/time & probably your first attempt too but doesn’t hold true for Optional subject , whr coaching is required if you r first time studying that optional ) 3... But Why ? because coaching can't cover what you can cover on ur own in a whole day, while coaching completes the syllabus from books only , even that too superficially to make Innocent freshers fool to give thema feeling of syllabus completion. While UPSC are more inclined towards depth study of conventional topic Like History /Art & culture while for polity/economy/social aspect/ethics UPSC wants you to read newspaper/magazines only only & only ( have a standard book for reference only ) 4.. then solution : well As i say coaching is not important but no doubt there material is v much important since we alone cant read all 5-6 English news paper( TH,IE,TOI,ET,TB etc) and Magazines (Fntln,DTE,EPW,WF,Y&K wtc) , so their hired employees do it for only coaching student. 5.. So final solution : Avoid coaching for GS ( for optional u may have to) but Try to get hold of coaching material.. 6... But then which coaching material is good..? Well try to stay away from popular coaching with big name in newspaper Advertisement ( They are for fleecing nd looting MP/MLA's kins & Justice Katjus 90% special Species ) .. 7... So i will try to make a list of best material in which some coaching is good , but no single coaching is good in every topic of UPSC syllabus . This knowledge you earn when u live in Delhi.. 8..So i am cutting your workload so just follow the material list ( First English then Hindi) which is almost must buy as well how you can buy it and Precaution while buying them , Because if you dont purchase on the spot and depend on courier then they will send you old/unused/incomplete/fake material with genuine coaching name in frontage ( all are xerox notes sold illegally)( not thir fault they have simplyno idea abt upsc requirement of proper material.. So still for solution read this completely..You will find a solution through me ( But last option coz i am also busy in my UPSC Preparation) My suggestion for important material of Delhi UPSC coaching & Courier channel... These are for General Studies Papers... * (a). Vajiram & Ravi Current Affairs booklet per booklet till now Volume 5 has come.. (b) Vajiram & RaviTest Series each paper total 7 GS and 5 CSAT has come till now.. *(c) Vision IAS Topis wise Booklet on current affairs and other syllabus topic 1. Must Read News Paper and its up to u only so cant help 2. Certificate Physical and human geography by Gochen Leong ( v.v.v.imp Foreign School Books) 3. Indian Geography by khullar ( Best Standard Refrence Book but hard core Geography) 4. Orient Blackswan Atlas ( Must have one) 5. NCERT Geography XI/XII( imp but optional can download too) 6. History of Modern India by Spectrum ( Must read 2-3 times) 7. Indian struggle for Independence by Bipin Chandra ( Must Must ..) 8. Indian Since Independence by Bipin Chandra ( Important no doubt) 9. India After Gandhi by Guha ( Imp but Optional ) 10. The Story of civilization Volume II , Contemporary World History old NCERT ( Must Read once) 11. World history by Jain & Mathur ( Must only Source So must Read 2-3 times) 12. Anciect/ Medivial / Modern Indian History old NCERT ( Must read many times) 13. Indian Constituion at work NCERT / Indian politics afterIndependece/Contemporay world politics ( v. Imp) 14. Indian Polity by M. Laxmikant ( V. Imp) 17. Indian Polity Class notes by Vajiram & Ravi..( buy Atleast this) 18. Economic NCERT (XI/XII) ( Read once must ) 19. Economy Class notes of Sriram coaching Printed Notes ( V.V Good) 20. Indian Art and Culture class notes by Nitin Singhnia.. ( V.V.V.good with any standard refrence book) 21. CSAT Aptitude Mock Test Papers by Career Launcher ( If u r week in CSAT) 22. Environment Shankar IAS Acdemy ( Have to read Properly once but not sufficient ) 23. Science & Tech ( newspaper/magzine only don’t buy nething ) 24. Ethics material by Pragati (V.V. Good) but much better material will come only in August 2014 25. Indian Polity Part I and *PART II of SriRam Coaching (v.v.v.v.v imp ) 26 IGNOU material ( of Social issues/Environment/Internaional Issues/Polity/ Ethics) Etc….(will help if Read once)( costly so download freely from internet) 27. CSAT Paper I mock test series by Direction or CL coaching..( have it useful) Now these are for Optional only so choose ur optional very carefully/ for books talk in msg.. 28. Public Administration Synergy Class Notes ( Best for Paper I) while Vajiram & Ravi notes are good for Paper II 29. Geography Alok ranjan/Neetu Singh Class Notes ( Best) 30. History Hemant jha coaching class Notes ( Best) 31. Political Science class notes of Vajiram & Ravi (best) 32. Sociology class notes of Upendra coachig/vajiram & Ravi printed notes ( Best) 33. Philosophy class notes by Patanjali ( Best) 34 Psychology class notes by Mukul Pathak (Best) 35. Anthropology printed notes Brain Tree Coaching ( Best ) but class notes available only of Dr Lakshmaiah SArkar by Mitra’ IAS or by Pradip Sarkar 36 Hindi Sahitya by Utakrsh Sir or Drashti coaching 37. Indian economy Service by Kalinga IAS Academy Printed Notes only .. 38 Maths/physics/Chemistry Class notes ( by Best UPSC Coaching Near IIT Delhi) 39. Zoology/Botony by Evolution coacing ( Best) .. So My Suggestions Regarding material purchase are : 1. Buy Books from Flipkart coz some what cheaper then delhi .. 2. But for xerox coaching notes Best option is u urself come to delhi and buy it on ur own, or ask ur frnd in delhi to help u out But... 3..Don’t Buy coaching material from middle man(shopkeeper) coz they will courier u old/bad handwriting handwritten notes or fraud coaching material with best coaching name .. with courier charge varies from 100 to 150 /- per kg as per distance with no safety while Govt Registered post takes only around 60/- per kg..... 4.Use this as only your last option : ( Dont think that i want u to take my help , everyone's time is precious but as I have come across so many desperate aspirant outside delhi , desperate for help so putting this option ) So if you are outside Delhi and dont have neother option and want me to help u in buying the material and courier them to you then you can Message me in Facebook it self but Do not Comment coz I wont be able to read them or if u cant wait then SMS me @ 09958840847( may be switched off sometime coz now interview prepration mode but my other frnds like vijay,ritesh,Ritika are thr to help you using my profile ) so msg me in fb ......…....... And as per ur request ,i have bought after u have paid me in advance online banking and sent the UPSC materials to ur address but sorry I got busy in my mains exam last December 2013 & then a long break ,so cudn't reply properly.Well so just check my Wall post of Uploaded pic of Delievered material for authenticity to clarify your doubt regarding Material Delivery.
12 hours ago
The Australian Bridal Fair A Current Affair have interviewed The Australian Bridal Fair about an article from The Advertiser "Adelaides first Pop Up Wedding under $900" tune in tonight at 7pm on channel 9 to see the full interview!!
12 hours ago
Narpat Lilar Kolu GK Power Capsule – Current Affairs March 2014 (The Hindu Review) 1. Abdullah, the king of Saudi Arabia appointed his half-brother Moqren as the next heir to the throne. 2. Sunil Gavaskar was appointed as the interim president of the Board of Contr Read more ...
ol for Cricket in India (BCCI) by the Supreme Court. Sunil Gavaskar replaced the present BCCI chief N Srinivasan. 3. Jens Stoltenberg was appointed as the Secretary General of North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO). He will replace the incumbent Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen. 4. General Sedki Sobhi was sworn-in as the new Defence Minister and Army Chief of Egypt. 5. Rajiv Takru was appointed as the Revenue Secretary. He will succeed Sumit Bose. 6. Rakesh Sethi was appointed as CMD of Allahabad Bank. 7. Sheila Dikshit, the former chief minister of Delhi was appointed as the 22nd Governor of Kerala. She will succeed Nikhil Kumar. 8. Indian-origin Gopal Rao won UK Twitter Prize. 9. Japanese architect Shigeru Ban won the Pritzker Architecture Prize 2014. 10. Govind Mishra, the renowned Hindi author will receive Sarawasti Samman for the year 2013 for his book Dhool Paudho Par published in 2008. 11. The 86th Annual Academy Oscar Awards 2014 - The best picture award was won by 12 Years A Slave of Steve McQueen. Best Actor – Matthew McConaughey (Film-Dallas Buyers Club), Best Actress - Cate Blanchett (Film - Blue Jasmine), Best Director - Alfonso Cuaron (Film – Gravity). 12. Physicist Rajesh Gopakumar was selected for G D Birla Award for scientific research for the year 2013. 13. The new Corporate Responsibility Regulations notified recently was not applicable to the State Bank of India, but it would comply voluntarily as SBI was created under SBI Act. 14. Indian journalist Shubranshu Choudhary won Google digital activism award for regional news service. 15. Tomas Halik, the Czech priest won the Templeton Prize for 2014. 16. President Pranab Mukherjee presented the President's Standard and Colours Award to 112 Helicopter Unit and President's Colour to 4 Base Repair Depot (BRD). 17. Indian writer Pankaj Mishra won Windham Campbell Literature Prize 2014 in non-fiction category. 18. US honoured Laxmi, an acid attack victim with the prestigious International Women of Courage Award. 19. Chandi Prasad Bhatt, the noted Gandhian environmentalist and social activist won the Gandhi Peace Prize for the year 2013. Bhatt was one of the pioneers of the Chipko movement. 20. Actor Arjun Kapoor was named as the brand ambassador of the Earth hour 2014. Earth hour is an initiative under which citizens are advised to switch off all electricity for an hour. It is organized by the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF). 21. Grand jury of US indicted Indian diplomat Devyani Khobragade, the person accused for visa fraud and for under paying her housekeeper. Earlier, the virtually identical charges against Devyani were dropped by a court on the ground that she enjoyed diplomatic immunity. 22. Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi, the Army Chief of Egypt resigned to contest in Presidential election. 23. Dr KC Chakrabarty, the Deputy Governor of the Reserve Bank of India resigned. Earlier, Anand Sinha retired from the position of Deputy Governor of RBI. 24. GK Pillai resigned as Chairman of MCX-SX on 14 March 2014. Consequently, current Vice Chairman and former LIC Chairman, Thomas Mathew T was elected as new Chairman. 25. Nandan Nilekani resigned as chairman of the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI). He joined the Congress Party to contest Lok Sabha Polls from the Bangalore South constituency. 26. Chief Financial Officer (CFO) of Apple Inc Peter Oppenheimer announced his retirement. 27. Veteran film actress of Hindi and Marathi films, Nanda died. 28. Khushwant Singh, the renowned author and journalist died. 29. Ahmad Tejan Kabbah, the former President and leader of Sierra Leone died. 30. South China Sea-Malaysia Airlines flight MH370 disappeared in the South China Sea. 31. Union Ministry of Minority Affairs launched Nalanda Project for Minorities Higher Educational Institutions. 32. Union Ministry of Minority Affairs launched a new initiative Maulana Azad Sehat Scheme for the welfare of minorities. 33. India was ranked fourth in a Microsoft report in the list of the countries sending out spam e-mails. India has followed three nations namely USA, China, UK. 34. India’s import of weapon systems is three times more than Pakistan and China. The report published by as Swedish Think Tank, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) has claimed that India continues to be the largest buyer of arms in the world. 35. Mumbai was the least expensive major city for expatriates among the major cities of the world. This was revealed in a report released by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU). After Mumbai, Karachi and New Delhi are the least expensive city in the world. Singapore was ranked as the most expensive city. 36. The Third Nuclear Security Summit was held in The Hague, Netherlands from 24 to 25 March 2014. 37. A non-profit group Vandana Foundation launched AQUATM in Mumbai. The AQUATM is a water vending machine from which water can be purchased. 38. A multi-pronged National campaign on Dengue, U & Me Against Dengue, was launched to eradicate dengue across six Indian cities with public private partnership. 39. Union Defence Ministry ordered a CBI investigation into the purchase of jet fighter engines from Britain’s Rolls-Royce that worth 10000 crore rupees. 40. Indian Navy successfully completed Theatre Level Operational Readiness Exercise (TROPEX), one of its largest war drills spread over Indian Ocean, Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal region. 41. India and Nepal started a joint military exercise at Saljhandi in Rupandehi district of Nepal. The two week exercise named Ex-Surya Kiran Drills VI. 42. Third BIMSTEC (Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation) Summit was held from 1 March to 4 March 2014 in Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar. Indian Prime Minster visited Myanmar. 43. Sumith Nakandala was appointed as the first Secretary General of BIMSTEC. 44. The Union Cabinet gave its approval for the setting up of 54 Kendriya Vidyalayas, four National Institutes of Design (NIDs), and 3,500 model schools at the block level in Educationally Backward Blocks (EBBs). The proposal to set up new KVs during the 12th Five Year Plan period. 45. Various Central agencies cleared seven major National Highway projects, including the Delhi-Meerut Expressway, pertaining mostly to Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Haryana and Punjab and Rajasthan. 47. The Centre assailed the January 21 Supreme Court verdict commuting the death sentence of 15 convicts to life term, saying the President’s decision in disposing of a mercy petition was beyond judicial review. 48. With a view to promoting affordable and effective generic drugs, the Centre has asked the States to provide space in government hospitals for their sale so that more Jan Aushadhi Stores could be opened. 49. President Pranab Mukherjee gave his assent to the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Bill, 2014 that would pave way for the creation of the State of Telangana, and approved the Cabinet’s recommendation to impose Central rule in the State. 50. Russia’s Parliament has approved the use of armed force in Ukraine, even as the West warned Moscow not to intervene in the troubled post-Soviet state. 51. Lieutenant-Governor Najeeb Jung approved a proposal to bring back trams in Chandni Chowk area. 52. Justice G. Rohini is set to become the first woman Chief Justice of the Delhi High Court. 53. Two fund houses of SBI and Axis have filed papers with the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) to start mutual fund schemes linked to inflation-indexed bonds. 54. Former Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) Chairman J. S. Sarma, an advocate of telecom sector reforms, has passed away. 55. The Union government has raised by 10 to 20 basis points the interest rates on select fixed deposit schemes offered by post offices. The rate hike will come into effect from April 1, 2014. The rate hike decision is in line with the recommendations of the Shyamala Gopinath Committee. 56. With the provisional exclusion of the Indian Boxing Federation (IBF), the International Boxing Association (AIBA) has suggested that a new national federation be floated to revive the country’s relations with the international boxing community. The AIBA, which suspended the IBF on December 6, 2012 due to alleged irregularities in its elections held that year. 57. RBI decided to allow foreign inward remittances received under money transfer service scheme (MTSS) directly into the bank account of the beneficiary through electronic modes such as national electronic funds transfer (NEFT) and immediate payment service (IMPS). 58. The elections for the 16th Lok Sabha, along with the Assembly polls in Andhra Pradesh, Odisha and Sikkim, will be held on nine different dates. The first date is April 7 and the last is May 12. Counting of votes will be held on May 16. Chief Election Commissioner V.S. Sampath, accompanied by Election Commissioners H.S. Brahma and S.N.A. Zaidi, said Bihar and Uttar Pradesh would have the maximum of six polling dates each. 59. The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) has urged the Uttar Pradesh government to take immediate action to end the strike by government doctors which has resulted in "violation of people’s right to health and life.” 60. India’s current account deficit (CAD) narrowed sharply to $4.2 billion (0.9 per cent of gross domestic product (GDP)) in the third quarter of the current financial year. 61. Telecom subscribers across the country can now register complaints by dialling a special toll free number 1063. 62. At Graphic Era University in Dehradun as Arvind Mishra, a young assistant professor of Mechanical Engineering, broke the Guinness record of 121 hours in the non-stop lecturing category. 63. For the first time candidates will have the option of e-filing their affidavits in the coming Lok Sabha and Assembly polls. The mandatory affidavits (Form 26), to be submitted at the time of filing nomination papers, include information on the candidate’s assets (movable and immovable property), property and accounts abroad, liabilities, educational qualifications and criminal antecedents, if any, and the name of the spouse and dependents. 64. Bharatiya Mahila Bank (BMB) will celebrate International Women's Day by organising financial literacy camps for women. All the 12 branches of the bank will organise financial literacy camps on March 8. 65. China announced its biggest hike in military spending in three years, with its defence budget set to cross $130 billion in the coming year. 66. Tata Motors said it had tied up with Bharatiya Mahila Bank to provide retail finance to its passenger vehicle customers. 67. Bihar is India’s fastest growing State with its Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) growing at 15.05 per cent during 2012-13. According to the CSO data, Gujarat grew at 7.96 per cent, ranked sixth, behind Bihar, Madhya Pradesh (9.89 per cent), Goa (8.47 per cent), Kerala (8.24 per cent) and Odisha (8.09 per cent). The all-India economic growth in 2012-13 was 4.47 per cent. 68. A high-power committee under the Financial Stability and Development Council (FSDC) has been set up to find ways for the banking sector to comply with Basel-III capital norms. The decision was taken at a sub-committee meeting of FSDC chaired by Reserve Bank of India (RBI) Governor Raghuram Rajan. 69. Myanmar received the award of World’s Best Tourist Destination for 2014 by the European Union Council on Tourism and Trade. 70. To expedite proceedings against sitting MPs and MLAs in criminal cases, the Supreme Court asked lower courts to complete trial within a year of framing of charges. 71. Two Russian cosmonauts and an American astronaut landed back on Earth in Kazakhstan after a stay of more than half a year aboard the International Space Station (ISS). 72. China said it would allow, for the first time, the setting up of five private banks on a trial basis. 73. Bharatiya Mahila Bank Limited, the first women’s bank and a wholly-owned government institution, proposes to open 55 more branches in Tier 4, Tier-5 and Tier-6 cities in 2014-15. 74. Gold and silver imports declined by 71.4 per cent to $1.63 billion in February mainly due to restrictions imposed by the government. 75. The Supreme Court declined to review its January 21 verdict, commuting the death sentence of 15 convicts to life term because of inordinate delay on the part of the President in disposing of their mercy petitions. 76. Rakesh Sethi took over as Chairman and Managing Director of Allahabad Bank. 77. The U.S. financial regulator warned consumers that using the online currency Bitcoin was fraught with risks, including theft by hacking and fraud. 78. The Director General of Civil Aviation has come out with new detailed guidelines for the physically challenged travelling by air, making it clear that no airline can refuse to fly them. 79. India and Bangladesh are keen to increase business relations by setting up inland waterways for hassle-free movement of cargo. 80. Singapore’s central bank said it would regulate ‘intermediaries’ for the Bitcoin virtual currency to prevent them from being used for money laundering and terrorist financing. 81. India’s foreign exchange reserves jumped by $1.088 billion to touch $295.45 billion during the week ended March 7, 2014. 82. Crimea declared independence from Ukraine and applied to rejoin Russia. Nearly 97 percent of voters said “yes” to revert to Russia. 83. Designed and built using a $777,000 grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the self-contained, waterless toilet with its innovative technology converts human waste to biochar, a highly porous charcoal. It aims to provide an eco-friendly solution to help some of the 2.5 billion people around the world lacking safe sanitation. 84. Facebook chief Mark Zuckerberg said he had called President Barack Obama to complain that the U.S. government is undermining confidence in the Internet with vast, secret surveillance programmes. 85. Wholesale Price Index Inflation slipped to a nine-month low of 4.68 per cent in February. 86. Goldman Sachs Asset Management (India) has announced the launch of CPSE-ETF (Central Public Sector Enterprise Exchange Traded Fund) new fund offer, which tracks the central public sector enterprises (CPSE) index. Through this fund, investors can invest in Maharatnas, Navratnas and Miniratnas companies. 87. The Andhra Pradesh State government has in principle decided for the Rs. 1,000-crore Missile Test Launch Facility project proposed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) in Nagayalanka mandal of Krishna district. 88. For the first time, a large section of the still classified Henderson Brooks Report, which details a comprehensive operational review of India’s military debacle in India China war 1962, has been made public. 89. El Salvador’s election officials declared Sanchez Ceren the winner in presidential election. 90. Ludhiana and Kanpur are among the 10 most polluted cities in the world, says the World Health Organisation. Ludhiana made it to the fourth position along with Quetta in Pakistan. Kanpur made it to the ninth position. The most polluted city in the world is Ahvaz in Iran. 91. The Election Commission has directed content managers of social networking sites to make sure that candidates do not post anything violative of the model code of conduct. The guidelines will be applicable to a range of Internet-based social media including Twitter, YouTube, Facebook and Wikipedia. 92. The All India Bank Employees’ Association has sought the immediate intervention of Chief Election Commissioner V.S. Sampath to disqualify top loan defaulters from entering the poll fray. 93. The Home Ministry has taken action against about 19,000 non-government organisations which did not file returns within the stipulated time period. 94. Reserve Bank of India has warned all domestic banks to take steps before Microsoft ends its Windows XP software support from April 8, 2014. 95. A city court directed Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Jayalalithaa and her close aide N. Sasikala to appear before it on April 3 to face trial in cases pertaining to alleged failure to file Income Tax returns. 96. The Central Government will sell 4.2 crore shares or 9 per cent stake in Axis Bank. The government holds about 20.72 per cent of the shares of the third largest Indian private sector bank through the Specified Undertaking of UTI (Unit trust of India). 97. The EU welcomed Ukraine into the Western fold, signing the political provisions of a landmark accord. European Union leaders agreed sanctions against top Russian politicians and stepped up efforts to cut the bloc’s debilitating energy dependence on Russia. 98. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) Governor Raghuram Rajan said that the central bank was yet to take a decision on Urjit Patel committee report which had suggested an inflation target and was still in discussion with the government on the subject. 99. British retail major Tesco announced that it was forming an equal joint venture with Trent Ltd., a part of the Tata Group, by picking up 50 per cent stake in Trent Hypermarket Ltd (THL) for about Rs.850 crore. 100. North Korea test-fired 30 short-range missiles into the sea. The missiles are estimated to have flown about 60 km. 102. ‘Book your own coach’ – is the latest initiative rolled out by the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) for the benefit of foreign travellers, tourists and students. 103. The Bharatiya Mahila Bank (BMB) will open three more branches in three capital cities of the northeastern States - Agartala (Tripura), Shillong (Meghalaya) and Itanagar (Arunachal Pradesh). 104. Prime Minister Muhammed Nawaz Sharif said that Pakistan had postponed giving India the Most Favoured Nation (MFN) status. 105. The Election Commission of India (ECI) has clarified that poll campaign-related news appearing in newspapers and channels owned by political parties will fall under the purview of paid news. 106. Bank of India launched IMT (Instant Money Transfer), which allows cardless cash withdrawal at its IMT-enabled ATMs, a first-of-its-kind initiative by any public sector bank. The facility can be initiated by the bank’s customer over bank’s ATM and retail Internet banking. The sender initiates IMT by providing receiver’s mobile number, four digits sender code and the IMT amount. Monthly withdrawal limit prescribed for IMT transaction is Rs.25,000 for receiver, and per transaction limit of Rs.10,000. IMT, once issued, is valid for 14 days. 107. The Election Commission (EC) has directed the government to defer notification of the order on gas price hike till the end of the general election in the third week of May. 108. After having launched its first ATM a year ago, Tata Communications Payment Solutions Limited (TCPSL) which is the first non-banking firm to launch its ATM network or white label ATMs said it plans to roll out 15,000 ATMs across India by June 2016. 109. The G8 group of top economic powers have suspended Russia for annexing Crimea, and has threatened to impose far-reaching sanctions if Moscow continued its incursion into Ukraine. The U.S. and six other economic powers also scrapped the G8 summit to be hosted by Russia in Sochi in June. 110. More than a year after the shocking Delhi gang rape, the Indian Ordinance factory launched a light-weight revolver, “Nirbheek,” designed especially for women to defend themselves from assault. 111. Shigeru Ban, Japanese architect known for his creative and inexpensive designs for disaster relief shelters, has won the 2014 Pritzker Architecture Prize. 112. The death sentence passed by an Egyptian court against 529 supporters of ousted Egyptian President Mohamed Morsy has triggered an outcry among a wide cross section of the legal community. 113. The Reserve Bank of India simplified foreign portfolio investment norms. The portfolio investor registered in accordance with the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) guidelines shall be called Registered Foreign Portfolio Investor (RFPI). The existing portfolio investor class, namely, Foreign Institutional Investor (FII) and Qualified Foreign Investor (QFI) registered with SEBI shall be subsumed under RFPI. 114. Creating a new Guinness world record, over two-and-half lakh Bangladeshis performed a chorus of their national anthem at the national parade ground to mark the country’s 43rd Independence Day. 115. European Union member states decided to ban the import of five types of fruits and vegetables from India. 116. The U.N. Human Rights Council launched an inquiry into alleged war crimes in Sri Lanka, despite Colombo’s fierce efforts to block an investigation. In a 23-12 vote, the council backed a Western-sponsored resolution to investigate into alleged serious violations and abuses of human rights. India, for the first time, abstained from voting. 117. The discovery of two more mounds in January at the Harappan site of Rakhigarhi in Hisar district, Haryana, has led to archaeologists establishing it as the biggest Harappan civilisation site. 118. Supreme Court directed all the States to abolish manual scavenging and take steps for rehabilitation of such workers. 119. The World Health Organisation (WHO) South-East Asia Region, home to a quarter of the world’s population, was certified polio-free by an independent commission under the WHO certification process. 120. Russian mathematician Yakov Grigorevich Sinai, one of the most influential mathematicians of the 20th Century, has been chosen for the 2014 Abel Prize by the Norwegian Academy of Science Letters. 121. The U.N. General Assembly adopted a Western-backed resolution declaring Crimea’s referendum illegitimate and refusing to recognise Russia’s annexation of the peninsula. The non-binding resolution was passed in the 193-member body, with 100 votes in favour and 11 against. 122. Outgoing Finance Minister P. Chidambaram has threatened action by India against Switzerland at global forums such as G20 for its persistent denial to share information on Indians stashing money in its banks. Indian tax authorities have sought information on Indians with accounts in Swiss banks under the Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement (DTAA). 123. Srei Infrastructure Finance is planning to start roll-out of its while label ATMs (WLAs) between July and September starting with a pilot of 200 Tier-III towns in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. 124. The Reserve Bank of India extended the transitional period for banks to complete the full implementation of Basel-III capital regulations up to March 31, 2019, instead of March 31, 2018. 125. Government has set up a Tax Administration Reform Commission comprising officials from public and private sector agencies. Parthasarathi Shome is the chairman this Commission. 126. The Competition Commission of India (CCI) imposed a penalty of Rs 1 crore on Google for failing to provide information related to an investigation into its alleged unfair trade practices in India. 127. Tata Group and Singapore Airlines received the mandatory security clearance. While both partners will initially invest $100 million, Tata Sons will be the majority partner with 51% stake. SIA will hold 49%. 128. Indian exports will fall short of the USD 325 billion target envisaged in the current fiscal. For the April-February period, the country's merchandise exports were up 4.79 per cent to USD 282.7 billion. Imports during the 11-month period fell 8.65 per cent to USD 410.86 billion. The trade deficit during this period was USD 128 billion. 129. The Supreme Court restrained the Centre and the Unique Identification Authority of India from sharing the vast biometric database of Aadhaar cards with any third party or agency without the consent of the registered person. It also ruled that people cannot be denied any service or benefit for not having an Aadhaar card. 130. Consumer Price Index Inflation declined to 8.1 per cent. 131. Foreign direct investment (FDI) into the services sector declined by about 60 per cent to USD 1.59 billion in the first nine months of this financial year. 132. The Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion had proposed relaxation of FDI norms in the construction sector and 100 per cent FDI in the railway sector. 133. India and the United States have decided to enhance cooperation for automatic exchange of information on tax evasion and detection of financial crimes, shoring up efforts to crackdown on black money cases involving economic channels of the two countries. 134. China has emerged India’s biggest trading partner in the current fiscal replacing the UAE. 135. Kotak Mahindra Bank announced the launch of Jifi, a first-of-its-kind fully integrated social bank account that transcends normal digital banking by seamlessly incorporating social networking platforms like Twitter and Facebook with mainstream banking. 136. Country's largest lender the State Bank of India (SBI) will sell bad loans amounting to Rs 3,000 crore in the last quarter of the ongoing fiscal to the Asset Reconstruction Companies. 137. RBI has decided to withdraw the pre-2005 currency notes from circulation and asked the holders of such currency to exchange them by January 1, 2015. The earlier deadline was June 30. Thereafter, people would have had to produce identity proof to exchange more than 10 notes of Rs 500 and Rs 1,000. Meanwhile, banks have been advised to stop re-issue of the pre-2005 series notes over the counters/through ATMs. 138. Central Bank of India has sold its entire stake in credit information provider CIBIL to Transunion International Inc. Central Bank had a 5 per cent stake in CIBIL while Transunion is the majority shareholder in CIBIL at 27.5 per cent.
14 hours ago
Durosaro Oyewole Kazeem
Oyo Government Removes Lunatics From Ibadan Roads - Politics - Nairaland
www.nairaland.com
Thursday, 15 August 2013 05:56 RESIDENTS of Ibadan living on Total Garden-Yemetu-Idi-Arere-Oja’ba axis were astonished on Wednesday, as one Hiace commercial bus, with Oyo registration number XF 843 NRK, picked lunatics from the streets of the city. Read more ...
The bus, according to Nigerian Tribune investigatio…
15 hours ago
Ranjan Kumar
Theschool Forbanking
GK Power Capsule – Current Affairs March 2014 (The Hindu Review) 1. Abdullah, the king of Saudi Arabia appointed his half-brother Moqren as the next heir to the throne. 2. Sunil Gavaskar was appointed as the interim president of the Board of Con Read more ...
trol for Cricket in India (BCCI) by the Supreme Court. Sunil Gavaskar replaced the present BCCI chief N Srinivasan. 3. Jens Stoltenberg was appointed as the Secretary General of North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO). He will replace the incumbent Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen. 4. General Sedki Sobhi was sworn-in as the new Defence Minister and Army Chief of Egypt. 5. Rajiv Takru was appointed as the Revenue Secretary. He will succeed Sumit Bose. 6. Rakesh Sethi was appointed as CMD of Allahabad Bank. 7. Sheila Dikshit, the former chief minister of Delhi was appointed as the 22nd Governor of Kerala. She will succeed Nikhil Kumar. 8. Indian-origin Gopal Rao won UK Twitter Prize. 9. Japanese architect Shigeru Ban won the Pritzker Architecture Prize 2014. 10. Govind Mishra, the renowned Hindi author will receive Sarawasti Samman for the year 2013 for his book Dhool Paudho Par published in 2008. 11. The 86th Annual Academy Oscar Awards 2014 - The best picture award was won by 12 Years A Slave of Steve McQueen. Best Actor – Matthew McConaughey (Film-Dallas Buyers Club), Best Actress - Cate Blanchett (Film - Blue Jasmine), Best Director - Alfonso Cuaron (Film – Gravity). 12. Physicist Rajesh Gopakumar was selected for G D Birla Award for scientific research for the year 2013. 13. The new Corporate Responsibility Regulations notified recently was not applicable to the State Bank of India, but it would comply voluntarily as SBI was created under SBI Act. 14. Indian journalist Shubranshu Choudhary won Google digital activism award for regional news service. 15. Tomas Halik, the Czech priest won the Templeton Prize for 2014. 16. President Pranab Mukherjee presented the President's Standard and Colours Award to 112 Helicopter Unit and President's Colour to 4 Base Repair Depot (BRD). 17. Indian writer Pankaj Mishra won Windham Campbell Literature Prize 2014 in non-fiction category. 18. US honoured Laxmi, an acid attack victim with the prestigious International Women of Courage Award. 19. Chandi Prasad Bhatt, the noted Gandhian environmentalist and social activist won the Gandhi Peace Prize for the year 2013. Bhatt was one of the pioneers of the Chipko movement. 20. Actor Arjun Kapoor was named as the brand ambassador of the Earth hour 2014. Earth hour is an initiative under which citizens are advised to switch off all electricity for an hour. It is organized by the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF). 21. Grand jury of US indicted Indian diplomat Devyani Khobragade, the person accused for visa fraud and for under paying her housekeeper. Earlier, the virtually identical charges against Devyani were dropped by a court on the ground that she enjoyed diplomatic immunity. 22. Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi, the Army Chief of Egypt resigned to contest in Presidential election. 23. Dr KC Chakrabarty, the Deputy Governor of the Reserve Bank of India resigned. Earlier, Anand Sinha retired from the position of Deputy Governor of RBI. 24. GK Pillai resigned as Chairman of MCX-SX on 14 March 2014. Consequently, current Vice Chairman and former LIC Chairman, Thomas Mathew T was elected as new Chairman. 25. Nandan Nilekani resigned as chairman of the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI). He joined the Congress Party to contest Lok Sabha Polls from the Bangalore South constituency. 26. Chief Financial Officer (CFO) of Apple Inc Peter Oppenheimer announced his retirement. 27. Veteran film actress of Hindi and Marathi films, Nanda died. 28. Khushwant Singh, the renowned author and journalist died. 29. Ahmad Tejan Kabbah, the former President and leader of Sierra Leone died. 30. South China Sea-Malaysia Airlines flight MH370 disappeared in the South China Sea. 31. Union Ministry of Minority Affairs launched Nalanda Project for Minorities Higher Educational Institutions. 32. Union Ministry of Minority Affairs launched a new initiative Maulana Azad Sehat Scheme for the welfare of minorities. 33. India was ranked fourth in a Microsoft report in the list of the countries sending out spam e-mails. India has followed three nations namely USA, China, UK. 34. India’s import of weapon systems is three times more than Pakistan and China. The report published by as Swedish Think Tank, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) has claimed that India continues to be the largest buyer of arms in the world. 35. Mumbai was the least expensive major city for expatriates among the major cities of the world. This was revealed in a report released by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU). After Mumbai, Karachi and New Delhi are the least expensive city in the world. Singapore was ranked as the most expensive city. 36. The Third Nuclear Security Summit was held in The Hague, Netherlands from 24 to 25 March 2014. 37. A non-profit group Vandana Foundation launched AQUATM in Mumbai. The AQUATM is a water vending machine from which water can be purchased. 38. A multi-pronged National campaign on Dengue, U & Me Against Dengue, was launched to eradicate dengue across six Indian cities with public private partnership. 39. Union Defence Ministry ordered a CBI investigation into the purchase of jet fighter engines from Britain’s Rolls-Royce that worth 10000 crore rupees. 40. Indian Navy successfully completed Theatre Level Operational Readiness Exercise (TROPEX), one of its largest war drills spread over Indian Ocean, Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal region. 41. India and Nepal started a joint military exercise at Saljhandi in Rupandehi district of Nepal. The two week exercise named Ex-Surya Kiran Drills VI. 42. Third BIMSTEC (Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation) Summit was held from 1 March to 4 March 2014 in Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar. Indian Prime Minster visited Myanmar. 43. Sumith Nakandala was appointed as the first Secretary General of BIMSTEC. 44. The Union Cabinet gave its approval for the setting up of 54 Kendriya Vidyalayas, four National Institutes of Design (NIDs), and 3,500 model schools at the block level in Educationally Backward Blocks (EBBs). The proposal to set up new KVs during the 12th Five Year Plan period. 45. Various Central agencies cleared seven major National Highway projects, including the Delhi-Meerut Expressway, pertaining mostly to Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Haryana and Punjab and Rajasthan. 47. The Centre assailed the January 21 Supreme Court verdict commuting the death sentence of 15 convicts to life term, saying the President’s decision in disposing of a mercy petition was beyond judicial review. 48. With a view to promoting affordable and effective generic drugs, the Centre has asked the States to provide space in government hospitals for their sale so that more Jan Aushadhi Stores could be opened. 49. President Pranab Mukherjee gave his assent to the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Bill, 2014 that would pave way for the creation of the State of Telangana, and approved the Cabinet’s recommendation to impose Central rule in the State. 50. Russia’s Parliament has approved the use of armed force in Ukraine, even as the West warned Moscow not to intervene in the troubled post-Soviet state. 51. Lieutenant-Governor Najeeb Jung approved a proposal to bring back trams in Chandni Chowk area. 52. Justice G. Rohini is set to become the first woman Chief Justice of the Delhi High Court. 53. Two fund houses of SBI and Axis have filed papers with the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) to start mutual fund schemes linked to inflation-indexed bonds. 54. Former Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) Chairman J. S. Sarma, an advocate of telecom sector reforms, has passed away. 55. The Union government has raised by 10 to 20 basis points the interest rates on select fixed deposit schemes offered by post offices. The rate hike will come into effect from April 1, 2014. The rate hike decision is in line with the recommendations of the Shyamala Gopinath Committee. 56. With the provisional exclusion of the Indian Boxing Federation (IBF), the International Boxing Association (AIBA) has suggested that a new national federation be floated to revive the country’s relations with the international boxing community. The AIBA, which suspended the IBF on December 6, 2012 due to alleged irregularities in its elections held that year. 57. RBI decided to allow foreign inward remittances received under money transfer service scheme (MTSS) directly into the bank account of the beneficiary through electronic modes such as national electronic funds transfer (NEFT) and immediate payment service (IMPS). 58. The elections for the 16th Lok Sabha, along with the Assembly polls in Andhra Pradesh, Odisha and Sikkim, will be held on nine different dates. The first date is April 7 and the last is May 12. Counting of votes will be held on May 16. Chief Election Commissioner V.S. Sampath, accompanied by Election Commissioners H.S. Brahma and S.N.A. Zaidi, said Bihar and Uttar Pradesh would have the maximum of six polling dates each. 59. The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) has urged the Uttar Pradesh government to take immediate action to end the strike by government doctors which has resulted in "violation of people’s right to health and life.” 60. India’s current account deficit (CAD) narrowed sharply to $4.2 billion (0.9 per cent of gross domestic product (GDP)) in the third quarter of the current financial year. 61. Telecom subscribers across the country can now register complaints by dialling a special toll free number 1063. 62. At Graphic Era University in Dehradun as Arvind Mishra, a young assistant professor of Mechanical Engineering, broke the Guinness record of 121 hours in the non-stop lecturing category. 63. For the first time candidates will have the option of e-filing their affidavits in the coming Lok Sabha and Assembly polls. The mandatory affidavits (Form 26), to be submitted at the time of filing nomination papers, include information on the candidate’s assets (movable and immovable property), property and accounts abroad, liabilities, educational qualifications and criminal antecedents, if any, and the name of the spouse and dependents. 64. Bharatiya Mahila Bank (BMB) will celebrate International Women's Day by organising financial literacy camps for women. All the 12 branches of the bank will organise financial literacy camps on March 8. 65. China announced its biggest hike in military spending in three years, with its defence budget set to cross $130 billion in the coming year. 66. Tata Motors said it had tied up with Bharatiya Mahila Bank to provide retail finance to its passenger vehicle customers. 67. Bihar is India’s fastest growing State with its Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) growing at 15.05 per cent during 2012-13. According to the CSO data, Gujarat grew at 7.96 per cent, ranked sixth, behind Bihar, Madhya Pradesh (9.89 per cent), Goa (8.47 per cent), Kerala (8.24 per cent) and Odisha (8.09 per cent). The all-India economic growth in 2012-13 was 4.47 per cent. 68. A high-power committee under the Financial Stability and Development Council (FSDC) has been set up to find ways for the banking sector to comply with Basel-III capital norms. The decision was taken at a sub-committee meeting of FSDC chaired by Reserve Bank of India (RBI) Governor Raghuram Rajan. 69. Myanmar received the award of World’s Best Tourist Destination for 2014 by the European Union Council on Tourism and Trade. 70. To expedite proceedings against sitting MPs and MLAs in criminal cases, the Supreme Court asked lower courts to complete trial within a year of framing of charges. 71. Two Russian cosmonauts and an American astronaut landed back on Earth in Kazakhstan after a stay of more than half a year aboard the International Space Station (ISS). 72. China said it would allow, for the first time, the setting up of five private banks on a trial basis. 73. Bharatiya Mahila Bank Limited, the first women’s bank and a wholly-owned government institution, proposes to open 55 more branches in Tier 4, Tier-5 and Tier-6 cities in 2014-15. 74. Gold and silver imports declined by 71.4 per cent to $1.63 billion in February mainly due to restrictions imposed by the government. 75. The Supreme Court declined to review its January 21 verdict, commuting the death sentence of 15 convicts to life term because of inordinate delay on the part of the President in disposing of their mercy petitions. 76. Rakesh Sethi took over as Chairman and Managing Director of Allahabad Bank. 77. The U.S. financial regulator warned consumers that using the online currency Bitcoin was fraught with risks, including theft by hacking and fraud. 78. The Director General of Civil Aviation has come out with new detailed guidelines for the physically challenged travelling by air, making it clear that no airline can refuse to fly them. 79. India and Bangladesh are keen to increase business relations by setting up inland waterways for hassle-free movement of cargo. 80. Singapore’s central bank said it would regulate ‘intermediaries’ for the Bitcoin virtual currency to prevent them from being used for money laundering and terrorist financing. 81. India’s foreign exchange reserves jumped by $1.088 billion to touch $295.45 billion during the week ended March 7, 2014. 82. Crimea declared independence from Ukraine and applied to rejoin Russia. Nearly 97 percent of voters said “yes” to revert to Russia. 83. Designed and built using a $777,000 grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the self-contained, waterless toilet with its innovative technology converts human waste to biochar, a highly porous charcoal. It aims to provide an eco-friendly solution to help some of the 2.5 billion people around the world lacking safe sanitation. 84. Facebook chief Mark Zuckerberg said he had called President Barack Obama to complain that the U.S. government is undermining confidence in the Internet with vast, secret surveillance programmes. 85. Wholesale Price Index Inflation slipped to a nine-month low of 4.68 per cent in February. 86. Goldman Sachs Asset Management (India) has announced the launch of CPSE-ETF (Central Public Sector Enterprise Exchange Traded Fund) new fund offer, which tracks the central public sector enterprises (CPSE) index. Through this fund, investors can invest in Maharatnas, Navratnas and Miniratnas companies. 87. The Andhra Pradesh State government has in principle decided for the Rs. 1,000-crore Missile Test Launch Facility project proposed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) in Nagayalanka mandal of Krishna district. 88. For the first time, a large section of the still classified Henderson Brooks Report, which details a comprehensive operational review of India’s military debacle in India China war 1962, has been made public. 89. El Salvador’s election officials declared Sanchez Ceren the winner in presidential election. 90. Ludhiana and Kanpur are among the 10 most polluted cities in the world, says the World Health Organisation. Ludhiana made it to the fourth position along with Quetta in Pakistan. Kanpur made it to the ninth position. The most polluted city in the world is Ahvaz in Iran. 91. The Election Commission has directed content managers of social networking sites to make sure that candidates do not post anything violative of the model code of conduct. The guidelines will be applicable to a range of Internet-based social media including Twitter, YouTube, Facebook and Wikipedia. 92. The All India Bank Employees’ Association has sought the immediate intervention of Chief Election Commissioner V.S. Sampath to disqualify top loan defaulters from entering the poll fray. 93. The Home Ministry has taken action against about 19,000 non-government organisations which did not file returns within the stipulated time period. 94. Reserve Bank of India has warned all domestic banks to take steps before Microsoft ends its Windows XP software support from April 8, 2014. 95. A city court directed Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Jayalalithaa and her close aide N. Sasikala to appear before it on April 3 to face trial in cases pertaining to alleged failure to file Income Tax returns. 96. The Central Government will sell 4.2 crore shares or 9 per cent stake in Axis Bank. The government holds about 20.72 per cent of the shares of the third largest Indian private sector bank through the Specified Undertaking of UTI (Unit trust of India). 97. The EU welcomed Ukraine into the Western fold, signing the political provisions of a landmark accord. European Union leaders agreed sanctions against top Russian politicians and stepped up efforts to cut the bloc’s debilitating energy dependence on Russia. 98. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) Governor Raghuram Rajan said that the central bank was yet to take a decision on Urjit Patel committee report which had suggested an inflation target and was still in discussion with the government on the subject. 99. British retail major Tesco announced that it was forming an equal joint venture with Trent Ltd., a part of the Tata Group, by picking up 50 per cent stake in Trent Hypermarket Ltd (THL) for about Rs.850 crore. 100. North Korea test-fired 30 short-range missiles into the sea. The missiles are estimated to have flown about 60 km. 102. ‘Book your own coach’ – is the latest initiative rolled out by the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) for the benefit of foreign travellers, tourists and students. 103. The Bharatiya Mahila Bank (BMB) will open three more branches in three capital cities of the northeastern States - Agartala (Tripura), Shillong (Meghalaya) and Itanagar (Arunachal Pradesh). 104. Prime Minister Muhammed Nawaz Sharif said that Pakistan had postponed giving India the Most Favoured Nation (MFN) status. 105. The Election Commission of India (ECI) has clarified that poll campaign-related news appearing in newspapers and channels owned by political parties will fall under the purview of paid news. 106. Bank of India launched IMT (Instant Money Transfer), which allows cardless cash withdrawal at its IMT-enabled ATMs, a first-of-its-kind initiative by any public sector bank. The facility can be initiated by the bank’s customer over bank’s ATM and retail Internet banking. The sender initiates IMT by providing receiver’s mobile number, four digits sender code and the IMT amount. Monthly withdrawal limit prescribed for IMT transaction is Rs.25,000 for receiver, and per transaction limit of Rs.10,000. IMT, once issued, is valid for 14 days. 107. The Election Commission (EC) has directed the government to defer notification of the order on gas price hike till the end of the general election in the third week of May. 108. After having launched its first ATM a year ago, Tata Communications Payment Solutions Limited (TCPSL) which is the first non-banking firm to launch its ATM network or white label ATMs said it plans to roll out 15,000 ATMs across India by June 2016. 109. The G8 group of top economic powers have suspended Russia for annexing Crimea, and has threatened to impose far-reaching sanctions if Moscow continued its incursion into Ukraine. The U.S. and six other economic powers also scrapped the G8 summit to be hosted by Russia in Sochi in June. 110. More than a year after the shocking Delhi gang rape, the Indian Ordinance factory launched a light-weight revolver, “Nirbheek,” designed especially for women to defend themselves from assault. 111. Shigeru Ban, Japanese architect known for his creative and inexpensive designs for disaster relief shelters, has won the 2014 Pritzker Architecture Prize. 112. The death sentence passed by an Egyptian court against 529 supporters of ousted Egyptian President Mohamed Morsy has triggered an outcry among a wide cross section of the legal community. 113. The Reserve Bank of India simplified foreign portfolio investment norms. The portfolio investor registered in accordance with the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) guidelines shall be called Registered Foreign Portfolio Investor (RFPI). The existing portfolio investor class, namely, Foreign Institutional Investor (FII) and Qualified Foreign Investor (QFI) registered with SEBI shall be subsumed under RFPI. 114. Creating a new Guinness world record, over two-and-half lakh Bangladeshis performed a chorus of their national anthem at the national parade ground to mark the country’s 43rd Independence Day. 115. European Union member states decided to ban the import of five types of fruits and vegetables from India. 116. The U.N. Human Rights Council launched an inquiry into alleged war crimes in Sri Lanka, despite Colombo’s fierce efforts to block an investigation. In a 23-12 vote, the council backed a Western-sponsored resolution to investigate into alleged serious violations and abuses of human rights. India, for the first time, abstained from voting. 117. The discovery of two more mounds in January at the Harappan site of Rakhigarhi in Hisar district, Haryana, has led to archaeologists establishing it as the biggest Harappan civilisation site. 118. Supreme Court directed all the States to abolish manual scavenging and take steps for rehabilitation of such workers. 119. The World Health Organisation (WHO) South-East Asia Region, home to a quarter of the world’s population, was certified polio-free by an independent commission under the WHO certification process. 120. Russian mathematician Yakov Grigorevich Sinai, one of the most influential mathematicians of the 20th Century, has been chosen for the 2014 Abel Prize by the Norwegian Academy of Science Letters. 121. The U.N. General Assembly adopted a Western-backed resolution declaring Crimea’s referendum illegitimate and refusing to recognise Russia’s annexation of the peninsula. The non-binding resolution was passed in the 193-member body, with 100 votes in favour and 11 against. 122. Outgoing Finance Minister P. Chidambaram has threatened action by India against Switzerland at global forums such as G20 for its persistent denial to share information on Indians stashing money in its banks. Indian tax authorities have sought information on Indians with accounts in Swiss banks under the Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement (DTAA). 123. Srei Infrastructure Finance is planning to start roll-out of its while label ATMs (WLAs) between July and September starting with a pilot of 200 Tier-III towns in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. 124. The Reserve Bank of India extended the transitional period for banks to complete the full implementation of Basel-III capital regulations up to March 31, 2019, instead of March 31, 2018. 125. Government has set up a Tax Administration Reform Commission comprising officials from public and private sector agencies. Parthasarathi Shome is the chairman this Commission. 126. The Competition Commission of India (CCI) imposed a penalty of Rs 1 crore on Google for failing to provide information related to an investigation into its alleged unfair trade practices in India. 127. Tata Group and Singapore Airlines received the mandatory security clearance. While both partners will initially invest $100 million, Tata Sons will be the majority partner with 51% stake. SIA will hold 49%. 128. Indian exports will fall short of the USD 325 billion target envisaged in the current fiscal. For the April-February period, the country's merchandise exports were up 4.79 per cent to USD 282.7 billion. Imports during the 11-month period fell 8.65 per cent to USD 410.86 billion. The trade deficit during this period was USD 128 billion. 129. The Supreme Court restrained the Centre and the Unique Identification Authority of India from sharing the vast biometric database of Aadhaar cards with any third party or agency without the consent of the registered person. It also ruled that people cannot be denied any service or benefit for not having an Aadhaar card. 130. Consumer Price Index Inflation declined to 8.1 per cent. 131. Foreign direct investment (FDI) into the services sector declined by about 60 per cent to USD 1.59 billion in the first nine months of this financial year. 132. The Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion had proposed relaxation of FDI norms in the construction sector and 100 per cent FDI in the railway sector. 133. India and the United States have decided to enhance cooperation for automatic exchange of information on tax evasion and detection of financial crimes, shoring up efforts to crackdown on black money cases involving economic channels of the two countries. 134. China has emerged India’s biggest trading partner in the current fiscal replacing the UAE. 135. Kotak Mahindra Bank announced the launch of Jifi, a first-of-its-kind fully integrated social bank account that transcends normal digital banking by seamlessly incorporating social networking platforms like Twitter and Facebook with mainstream banking. 136. Country's largest lender the State Bank of India (SBI) will sell bad loans amounting to Rs 3,000 crore in the last quarter of the ongoing fiscal to the Asset Reconstruction Companies. 137. RBI has decided to withdraw the pre-2005 currency notes from circulation and asked the holders of such currency to exchange them by January 1, 2015. The earlier deadline was June 30. Thereafter, people would have had to produce identity proof to exchange more than 10 notes of Rs 500 and Rs 1,000. Meanwhile, banks have been advised to stop re-issue of the pre-2005 series notes over the counters/through ATMs. 138. Central Bank of India has sold its entire stake in credit information provider CIBIL to Transunion International Inc. Central Bank had a 5 per cent stake in CIBIL while Transunion is the majority shareholder in CIBIL at 27.5 per cent.
16 hours ago
Theschool Forbanking GK Power Capsule – Current Affairs March 2014 (The Hindu Review) 1. Abdullah, the king of Saudi Arabia appointed his half-brother Moqren as the next heir to the throne. 2. Sunil Gavaskar was appointed as the interim president of the Board of Con Read more ...
trol for Cricket in India (BCCI) by the Supreme Court. Sunil Gavaskar replaced the present BCCI chief N Srinivasan. 3. Jens Stoltenberg was appointed as the Secretary General of North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO). He will replace the incumbent Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen. 4. General Sedki Sobhi was sworn-in as the new Defence Minister and Army Chief of Egypt. 5. Rajiv Takru was appointed as the Revenue Secretary. He will succeed Sumit Bose. 6. Rakesh Sethi was appointed as CMD of Allahabad Bank. 7. Sheila Dikshit, the former chief minister of Delhi was appointed as the 22nd Governor of Kerala. She will succeed Nikhil Kumar. 8. Indian-origin Gopal Rao won UK Twitter Prize. 9. Japanese architect Shigeru Ban won the Pritzker Architecture Prize 2014. 10. Govind Mishra, the renowned Hindi author will receive Sarawasti Samman for the year 2013 for his book Dhool Paudho Par published in 2008. 11. The 86th Annual Academy Oscar Awards 2014 - The best picture award was won by 12 Years A Slave of Steve McQueen. Best Actor – Matthew McConaughey (Film-Dallas Buyers Club), Best Actress - Cate Blanchett (Film - Blue Jasmine), Best Director - Alfonso Cuaron (Film – Gravity). 12. Physicist Rajesh Gopakumar was selected for G D Birla Award for scientific research for the year 2013. 13. The new Corporate Responsibility Regulations notified recently was not applicable to the State Bank of India, but it would comply voluntarily as SBI was created under SBI Act. 14. Indian journalist Shubranshu Choudhary won Google digital activism award for regional news service. 15. Tomas Halik, the Czech priest won the Templeton Prize for 2014. 16. President Pranab Mukherjee presented the President's Standard and Colours Award to 112 Helicopter Unit and President's Colour to 4 Base Repair Depot (BRD). 17. Indian writer Pankaj Mishra won Windham Campbell Literature Prize 2014 in non-fiction category. 18. US honoured Laxmi, an acid attack victim with the prestigious International Women of Courage Award. 19. Chandi Prasad Bhatt, the noted Gandhian environmentalist and social activist won the Gandhi Peace Prize for the year 2013. Bhatt was one of the pioneers of the Chipko movement. 20. Actor Arjun Kapoor was named as the brand ambassador of the Earth hour 2014. Earth hour is an initiative under which citizens are advised to switch off all electricity for an hour. It is organized by the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF). 21. Grand jury of US indicted Indian diplomat Devyani Khobragade, the person accused for visa fraud and for under paying her housekeeper. Earlier, the virtually identical charges against Devyani were dropped by a court on the ground that she enjoyed diplomatic immunity. 22. Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi, the Army Chief of Egypt resigned to contest in Presidential election. 23. Dr KC Chakrabarty, the Deputy Governor of the Reserve Bank of India resigned. Earlier, Anand Sinha retired from the position of Deputy Governor of RBI. 24. GK Pillai resigned as Chairman of MCX-SX on 14 March 2014. Consequently, current Vice Chairman and former LIC Chairman, Thomas Mathew T was elected as new Chairman. 25. Nandan Nilekani resigned as chairman of the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI). He joined the Congress Party to contest Lok Sabha Polls from the Bangalore South constituency. 26. Chief Financial Officer (CFO) of Apple Inc Peter Oppenheimer announced his retirement. 27. Veteran film actress of Hindi and Marathi films, Nanda died. 28. Khushwant Singh, the renowned author and journalist died. 29. Ahmad Tejan Kabbah, the former President and leader of Sierra Leone died. 30. South China Sea-Malaysia Airlines flight MH370 disappeared in the South China Sea. 31. Union Ministry of Minority Affairs launched Nalanda Project for Minorities Higher Educational Institutions. 32. Union Ministry of Minority Affairs launched a new initiative Maulana Azad Sehat Scheme for the welfare of minorities. 33. India was ranked fourth in a Microsoft report in the list of the countries sending out spam e-mails. India has followed three nations namely USA, China, UK. 34. India’s import of weapon systems is three times more than Pakistan and China. The report published by as Swedish Think Tank, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) has claimed that India continues to be the largest buyer of arms in the world. 35. Mumbai was the least expensive major city for expatriates among the major cities of the world. This was revealed in a report released by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU). After Mumbai, Karachi and New Delhi are the least expensive city in the world. Singapore was ranked as the most expensive city. 36. The Third Nuclear Security Summit was held in The Hague, Netherlands from 24 to 25 March 2014. 37. A non-profit group Vandana Foundation launched AQUATM in Mumbai. The AQUATM is a water vending machine from which water can be purchased. 38. A multi-pronged National campaign on Dengue, U & Me Against Dengue, was launched to eradicate dengue across six Indian cities with public private partnership. 39. Union Defence Ministry ordered a CBI investigation into the purchase of jet fighter engines from Britain’s Rolls-Royce that worth 10000 crore rupees. 40. Indian Navy successfully completed Theatre Level Operational Readiness Exercise (TROPEX), one of its largest war drills spread over Indian Ocean, Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal region. 41. India and Nepal started a joint military exercise at Saljhandi in Rupandehi district of Nepal. The two week exercise named Ex-Surya Kiran Drills VI. 42. Third BIMSTEC (Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation) Summit was held from 1 March to 4 March 2014 in Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar. Indian Prime Minster visited Myanmar. 43. Sumith Nakandala was appointed as the first Secretary General of BIMSTEC. 44. The Union Cabinet gave its approval for the setting up of 54 Kendriya Vidyalayas, four National Institutes of Design (NIDs), and 3,500 model schools at the block level in Educationally Backward Blocks (EBBs). The proposal to set up new KVs during the 12th Five Year Plan period. 45. Various Central agencies cleared seven major National Highway projects, including the Delhi-Meerut Expressway, pertaining mostly to Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Haryana and Punjab and Rajasthan. 47. The Centre assailed the January 21 Supreme Court verdict commuting the death sentence of 15 convicts to life term, saying the President’s decision in disposing of a mercy petition was beyond judicial review. 48. With a view to promoting affordable and effective generic drugs, the Centre has asked the States to provide space in government hospitals for their sale so that more Jan Aushadhi Stores could be opened. 49. President Pranab Mukherjee gave his assent to the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Bill, 2014 that would pave way for the creation of the State of Telangana, and approved the Cabinet’s recommendation to impose Central rule in the State. 50. Russia’s Parliament has approved the use of armed force in Ukraine, even as the West warned Moscow not to intervene in the troubled post-Soviet state. 51. Lieutenant-Governor Najeeb Jung approved a proposal to bring back trams in Chandni Chowk area. 52. Justice G. Rohini is set to become the first woman Chief Justice of the Delhi High Court. 53. Two fund houses of SBI and Axis have filed papers with the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) to start mutual fund schemes linked to inflation-indexed bonds. 54. Former Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) Chairman J. S. Sarma, an advocate of telecom sector reforms, has passed away. 55. The Union government has raised by 10 to 20 basis points the interest rates on select fixed deposit schemes offered by post offices. The rate hike will come into effect from April 1, 2014. The rate hike decision is in line with the recommendations of the Shyamala Gopinath Committee. 56. With the provisional exclusion of the Indian Boxing Federation (IBF), the International Boxing Association (AIBA) has suggested that a new national federation be floated to revive the country’s relations with the international boxing community. The AIBA, which suspended the IBF on December 6, 2012 due to alleged irregularities in its elections held that year. 57. RBI decided to allow foreign inward remittances received under money transfer service scheme (MTSS) directly into the bank account of the beneficiary through electronic modes such as national electronic funds transfer (NEFT) and immediate payment service (IMPS). 58. The elections for the 16th Lok Sabha, along with the Assembly polls in Andhra Pradesh, Odisha and Sikkim, will be held on nine different dates. The first date is April 7 and the last is May 12. Counting of votes will be held on May 16. Chief Election Commissioner V.S. Sampath, accompanied by Election Commissioners H.S. Brahma and S.N.A. Zaidi, said Bihar and Uttar Pradesh would have the maximum of six polling dates each. 59. The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) has urged the Uttar Pradesh government to take immediate action to end the strike by government doctors which has resulted in "violation of people’s right to health and life.” 60. India’s current account deficit (CAD) narrowed sharply to $4.2 billion (0.9 per cent of gross domestic product (GDP)) in the third quarter of the current financial year. 61. Telecom subscribers across the country can now register complaints by dialling a special toll free number 1063. 62. At Graphic Era University in Dehradun as Arvind Mishra, a young assistant professor of Mechanical Engineering, broke the Guinness record of 121 hours in the non-stop lecturing category. 63. For the first time candidates will have the option of e-filing their affidavits in the coming Lok Sabha and Assembly polls. The mandatory affidavits (Form 26), to be submitted at the time of filing nomination papers, include information on the candidate’s assets (movable and immovable property), property and accounts abroad, liabilities, educational qualifications and criminal antecedents, if any, and the name of the spouse and dependents. 64. Bharatiya Mahila Bank (BMB) will celebrate International Women's Day by organising financial literacy camps for women. All the 12 branches of the bank will organise financial literacy camps on March 8. 65. China announced its biggest hike in military spending in three years, with its defence budget set to cross $130 billion in the coming year. 66. Tata Motors said it had tied up with Bharatiya Mahila Bank to provide retail finance to its passenger vehicle customers. 67. Bihar is India’s fastest growing State with its Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) growing at 15.05 per cent during 2012-13. According to the CSO data, Gujarat grew at 7.96 per cent, ranked sixth, behind Bihar, Madhya Pradesh (9.89 per cent), Goa (8.47 per cent), Kerala (8.24 per cent) and Odisha (8.09 per cent). The all-India economic growth in 2012-13 was 4.47 per cent. 68. A high-power committee under the Financial Stability and Development Council (FSDC) has been set up to find ways for the banking sector to comply with Basel-III capital norms. The decision was taken at a sub-committee meeting of FSDC chaired by Reserve Bank of India (RBI) Governor Raghuram Rajan. 69. Myanmar received the award of World’s Best Tourist Destination for 2014 by the European Union Council on Tourism and Trade. 70. To expedite proceedings against sitting MPs and MLAs in criminal cases, the Supreme Court asked lower courts to complete trial within a year of framing of charges. 71. Two Russian cosmonauts and an American astronaut landed back on Earth in Kazakhstan after a stay of more than half a year aboard the International Space Station (ISS). 72. China said it would allow, for the first time, the setting up of five private banks on a trial basis. 73. Bharatiya Mahila Bank Limited, the first women’s bank and a wholly-owned government institution, proposes to open 55 more branches in Tier 4, Tier-5 and Tier-6 cities in 2014-15. 74. Gold and silver imports declined by 71.4 per cent to $1.63 billion in February mainly due to restrictions imposed by the government. 75. The Supreme Court declined to review its January 21 verdict, commuting the death sentence of 15 convicts to life term because of inordinate delay on the part of the President in disposing of their mercy petitions. 76. Rakesh Sethi took over as Chairman and Managing Director of Allahabad Bank. 77. The U.S. financial regulator warned consumers that using the online currency Bitcoin was fraught with risks, including theft by hacking and fraud. 78. The Director General of Civil Aviation has come out with new detailed guidelines for the physically challenged travelling by air, making it clear that no airline can refuse to fly them. 79. India and Bangladesh are keen to increase business relations by setting up inland waterways for hassle-free movement of cargo. 80. Singapore’s central bank said it would regulate ‘intermediaries’ for the Bitcoin virtual currency to prevent them from being used for money laundering and terrorist financing. 81. India’s foreign exchange reserves jumped by $1.088 billion to touch $295.45 billion during the week ended March 7, 2014. 82. Crimea declared independence from Ukraine and applied to rejoin Russia. Nearly 97 percent of voters said “yes” to revert to Russia. 83. Designed and built using a $777,000 grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the self-contained, waterless toilet with its innovative technology converts human waste to biochar, a highly porous charcoal. It aims to provide an eco-friendly solution to help some of the 2.5 billion people around the world lacking safe sanitation. 84. Facebook chief Mark Zuckerberg said he had called President Barack Obama to complain that the U.S. government is undermining confidence in the Internet with vast, secret surveillance programmes. 85. Wholesale Price Index Inflation slipped to a nine-month low of 4.68 per cent in February. 86. Goldman Sachs Asset Management (India) has announced the launch of CPSE-ETF (Central Public Sector Enterprise Exchange Traded Fund) new fund offer, which tracks the central public sector enterprises (CPSE) index. Through this fund, investors can invest in Maharatnas, Navratnas and Miniratnas companies. 87. The Andhra Pradesh State government has in principle decided for the Rs. 1,000-crore Missile Test Launch Facility project proposed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) in Nagayalanka mandal of Krishna district. 88. For the first time, a large section of the still classified Henderson Brooks Report, which details a comprehensive operational review of India’s military debacle in India China war 1962, has been made public. 89. El Salvador’s election officials declared Sanchez Ceren the winner in presidential election. 90. Ludhiana and Kanpur are among the 10 most polluted cities in the world, says the World Health Organisation. Ludhiana made it to the fourth position along with Quetta in Pakistan. Kanpur made it to the ninth position. The most polluted city in the world is Ahvaz in Iran. 91. The Election Commission has directed content managers of social networking sites to make sure that candidates do not post anything violative of the model code of conduct. The guidelines will be applicable to a range of Internet-based social media including Twitter, YouTube, Facebook and Wikipedia. 92. The All India Bank Employees’ Association has sought the immediate intervention of Chief Election Commissioner V.S. Sampath to disqualify top loan defaulters from entering the poll fray. 93. The Home Ministry has taken action against about 19,000 non-government organisations which did not file returns within the stipulated time period. 94. Reserve Bank of India has warned all domestic banks to take steps before Microsoft ends its Windows XP software support from April 8, 2014. 95. A city court directed Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Jayalalithaa and her close aide N. Sasikala to appear before it on April 3 to face trial in cases pertaining to alleged failure to file Income Tax returns. 96. The Central Government will sell 4.2 crore shares or 9 per cent stake in Axis Bank. The government holds about 20.72 per cent of the shares of the third largest Indian private sector bank through the Specified Undertaking of UTI (Unit trust of India). 97. The EU welcomed Ukraine into the Western fold, signing the political provisions of a landmark accord. European Union leaders agreed sanctions against top Russian politicians and stepped up efforts to cut the bloc’s debilitating energy dependence on Russia. 98. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) Governor Raghuram Rajan said that the central bank was yet to take a decision on Urjit Patel committee report which had suggested an inflation target and was still in discussion with the government on the subject. 99. British retail major Tesco announced that it was forming an equal joint venture with Trent Ltd., a part of the Tata Group, by picking up 50 per cent stake in Trent Hypermarket Ltd (THL) for about Rs.850 crore. 100. North Korea test-fired 30 short-range missiles into the sea. The missiles are estimated to have flown about 60 km. 102. ‘Book your own coach’ – is the latest initiative rolled out by the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) for the benefit of foreign travellers, tourists and students. 103. The Bharatiya Mahila Bank (BMB) will open three more branches in three capital cities of the northeastern States - Agartala (Tripura), Shillong (Meghalaya) and Itanagar (Arunachal Pradesh). 104. Prime Minister Muhammed Nawaz Sharif said that Pakistan had postponed giving India the Most Favoured Nation (MFN) status. 105. The Election Commission of India (ECI) has clarified that poll campaign-related news appearing in newspapers and channels owned by political parties will fall under the purview of paid news. 106. Bank of India launched IMT (Instant Money Transfer), which allows cardless cash withdrawal at its IMT-enabled ATMs, a first-of-its-kind initiative by any public sector bank. The facility can be initiated by the bank’s customer over bank’s ATM and retail Internet banking. The sender initiates IMT by providing receiver’s mobile number, four digits sender code and the IMT amount. Monthly withdrawal limit prescribed for IMT transaction is Rs.25,000 for receiver, and per transaction limit of Rs.10,000. IMT, once issued, is valid for 14 days. 107. The Election Commission (EC) has directed the government to defer notification of the order on gas price hike till the end of the general election in the third week of May. 108. After having launched its first ATM a year ago, Tata Communications Payment Solutions Limited (TCPSL) which is the first non-banking firm to launch its ATM network or white label ATMs said it plans to roll out 15,000 ATMs across India by June 2016. 109. The G8 group of top economic powers have suspended Russia for annexing Crimea, and has threatened to impose far-reaching sanctions if Moscow continued its incursion into Ukraine. The U.S. and six other economic powers also scrapped the G8 summit to be hosted by Russia in Sochi in June. 110. More than a year after the shocking Delhi gang rape, the Indian Ordinance factory launched a light-weight revolver, “Nirbheek,” designed especially for women to defend themselves from assault. 111. Shigeru Ban, Japanese architect known for his creative and inexpensive designs for disaster relief shelters, has won the 2014 Pritzker Architecture Prize. 112. The death sentence passed by an Egyptian court against 529 supporters of ousted Egyptian President Mohamed Morsy has triggered an outcry among a wide cross section of the legal community. 113. The Reserve Bank of India simplified foreign portfolio investment norms. The portfolio investor registered in accordance with the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) guidelines shall be called Registered Foreign Portfolio Investor (RFPI). The existing portfolio investor class, namely, Foreign Institutional Investor (FII) and Qualified Foreign Investor (QFI) registered with SEBI shall be subsumed under RFPI. 114. Creating a new Guinness world record, over two-and-half lakh Bangladeshis performed a chorus of their national anthem at the national parade ground to mark the country’s 43rd Independence Day. 115. European Union member states decided to ban the import of five types of fruits and vegetables from India. 116. The U.N. Human Rights Council launched an inquiry into alleged war crimes in Sri Lanka, despite Colombo’s fierce efforts to block an investigation. In a 23-12 vote, the council backed a Western-sponsored resolution to investigate into alleged serious violations and abuses of human rights. India, for the first time, abstained from voting. 117. The discovery of two more mounds in January at the Harappan site of Rakhigarhi in Hisar district, Haryana, has led to archaeologists establishing it as the biggest Harappan civilisation site. 118. Supreme Court directed all the States to abolish manual scavenging and take steps for rehabilitation of such workers. 119. The World Health Organisation (WHO) South-East Asia Region, home to a quarter of the world’s population, was certified polio-free by an independent commission under the WHO certification process. 120. Russian mathematician Yakov Grigorevich Sinai, one of the most influential mathematicians of the 20th Century, has been chosen for the 2014 Abel Prize by the Norwegian Academy of Science Letters. 121. The U.N. General Assembly adopted a Western-backed resolution declaring Crimea’s referendum illegitimate and refusing to recognise Russia’s annexation of the peninsula. The non-binding resolution was passed in the 193-member body, with 100 votes in favour and 11 against. 122. Outgoing Finance Minister P. Chidambaram has threatened action by India against Switzerland at global forums such as G20 for its persistent denial to share information on Indians stashing money in its banks. Indian tax authorities have sought information on Indians with accounts in Swiss banks under the Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement (DTAA). 123. Srei Infrastructure Finance is planning to start roll-out of its while label ATMs (WLAs) between July and September starting with a pilot of 200 Tier-III towns in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. 124. The Reserve Bank of India extended the transitional period for banks to complete the full implementation of Basel-III capital regulations up to March 31, 2019, instead of March 31, 2018. 125. Government has set up a Tax Administration Reform Commission comprising officials from public and private sector agencies. Parthasarathi Shome is the chairman this Commission. 126. The Competition Commission of India (CCI) imposed a penalty of Rs 1 crore on Google for failing to provide information related to an investigation into its alleged unfair trade practices in India. 127. Tata Group and Singapore Airlines received the mandatory security clearance. While both partners will initially invest $100 million, Tata Sons will be the majority partner with 51% stake. SIA will hold 49%. 128. Indian exports will fall short of the USD 325 billion target envisaged in the current fiscal. For the April-February period, the country's merchandise exports were up 4.79 per cent to USD 282.7 billion. Imports during the 11-month period fell 8.65 per cent to USD 410.86 billion. The trade deficit during this period was USD 128 billion. 129. The Supreme Court restrained the Centre and the Unique Identification Authority of India from sharing the vast biometric database of Aadhaar cards with any third party or agency without the consent of the registered person. It also ruled that people cannot be denied any service or benefit for not having an Aadhaar card. 130. Consumer Price Index Inflation declined to 8.1 per cent. 131. Foreign direct investment (FDI) into the services sector declined by about 60 per cent to USD 1.59 billion in the first nine months of this financial year. 132. The Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion had proposed relaxation of FDI norms in the construction sector and 100 per cent FDI in the railway sector. 133. India and the United States have decided to enhance cooperation for automatic exchange of information on tax evasion and detection of financial crimes, shoring up efforts to crackdown on black money cases involving economic channels of the two countries. 134. China has emerged India’s biggest trading partner in the current fiscal replacing the UAE. 135. Kotak Mahindra Bank announced the launch of Jifi, a first-of-its-kind fully integrated social bank account that transcends normal digital banking by seamlessly incorporating social networking platforms like Twitter and Facebook with mainstream banking. 136. Country's largest lender the State Bank of India (SBI) will sell bad loans amounting to Rs 3,000 crore in the last quarter of the ongoing fiscal to the Asset Reconstruction Companies. 137. RBI has decided to withdraw the pre-2005 currency notes from circulation and asked the holders of such currency to exchange them by January 1, 2015. The earlier deadline was June 30. Thereafter, people would have had to produce identity proof to exchange more than 10 notes of Rs 500 and Rs 1,000. Meanwhile, banks have been advised to stop re-issue of the pre-2005 series notes over the counters/through ATMs. 138. Central Bank of India has sold its entire stake in credit information provider CIBIL to Transunion International Inc. Central Bank had a 5 per cent stake in CIBIL while Transunion is the majority shareholder in CIBIL at 27.5 per cent.
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Helen Chandra Military opposition to the Reconciliation, Tolerance, and Unity Bill (Fiji) Commodore Frank Bainimarama, Commander of the Republic of Fiji Military Forces, has been a vociferous and uncompromising critic of the government's proposal to establish a Read more ...
Reconciliation and Unity Commission, with the power to grant compensation to victims of the 2000 coup, and amnesty to perpetrators of it. Among other objections, the Military claims that its integrity and discipline would be undermined if soldiers who mutinied in the 2000 upheaval were to be pardoned. The military's opposition to the Bill culminated in a coup d'état in December 2006. Contents 1 The power struggle 2 Calls to discipline the military 2.1 Conservative Alliance calls for Bainimarama to be disciplined 2.2 Vosanibola warns Bainimarama 2.3 Alleged offer to form pro-government mercenary force 2.4 Alleged attempt to dismiss commander 2.5 Further criticism of commander 3 Efforts to defuse the quarrel 4 Threat to depose the government 4.1 Police tighten security 5 Parliamentary submission 6 Incident at the Fiji Law Society 7 Lobbying the villages, provinces, chiefs 7.1 Reaction to bill's endorsement by provincial councils 7.2 Address to the Great Council of Chiefs 7.3 Bainimarama criticizes chiefs 8 Disagreement with Australian government 9 Disagreement with Methodist Church 10 Rabukawaqa speaks out 11 No pardon for Speight - military 11.1 Kotobalavu pleads with Bainimarama 12 Parliamentary vote delayed 13 Military still opposed 14 2006 military coup 15 References 16 See also The power struggle On 13 May 2005, Bainimarama spoke out against the proposal, calling it "Reconciliation bull" and vowing that he and the military would oppose the legislation, which detractors say is a sham to grant amnesty to supporters of the present government who played roles in the coup. His attack on the legislation, which continued unremittingly throughout May and into June, further strained his already tense relationship with the government. Bainimarama was supported by Army spokesman Captain Neumi Leweni, who said on 16 May that a meeting of senior officers had resolved to try to prevent the passage of the legislation. "We are not in favour of the Bill that proposes to offer amnesty for coup perpetrators in 2000, and will do all we can to oppose it," Leweni said. Bainimarama said on 1 June that having undergone three coups in eighteen years, Fiji could not be compared to other commonwealth countries. He said this in response to claims by Home Affairs Minister Vosanibola that Fiji was the only country in the Commonwealth of Nations whose Military commander dared to oppose government policy. Bainimarama revused refused to say what the military would do if the government insisted on passing the bill, saying that they would cross that bridge when they came to it. Tensions escalated after 4 June, when Bainimarama publicly accused Prime Minister Qarase of having snubbed a military parade the previous day, in honour of Fijian soldiers returning from peacekeeping missions in East Timor. Commodore Bainimarama reiterated the Military's opposition to the legislation on 24 August. He asserted that it was the Military's prerogative to decide on the bill, as it was they and not the government that was responsible for the stability currently enjoyed by Fijian citizens. In a four-page statement, Bainimarama said that the Military, the Police, and the office of the Director of Public Prosecutions had done much to restore stability to Fiji, with no assistance whatsoever from the government. On 12 October, Military spokesman Captain Neumi Leweni emphasized that the Military still wanted the bill withdrawn in its entirety. The amendments to the amnesty clauses hinted at by Prime Minister Qarase were not a sufficient guarantee that no coup perpetrators would be released, he said. He added that while the Military was committed to protecting the democratically elected government, it would not allow supporters of the 2000 coup to "bulldoze" the legislation through. Leweni reiterated this stance on 28 November. "We stated earlier that we do not want this bill at all and even if there are amendments we will still not support its implementation," he said. He threatened legal action if the bill, in any form, was passed. He was supported by Rev. Akuila Yabaki of the Citizens Constitutional Forum, who said that the bill in its entirety was "unconstitutional" and needed to be withdrawn, and if not, challenged in the courts. Calls to discipline the military On 29 May, more than 20 military officers, dressed in uniform, sat in the visitors' gallery in Parliament in a silent protest against the legislation. Home Affairs Minister Josefa Vosanibola labelled Bainimarama "arrogant," saying that he was the only military commander in the commonwealth with the effrontery to interfere in political affairs. While conceding that as citizens, soldiers had a right to observe parliamentary proceedings, they should have worn civilian clothes so as to avoid drawing attention to themselves. Attorney-General Qoriniasi Bale called for an investigation into why the officers had been in Parliament during work hours, and into why they had been in uniform. Conservative Alliance calls for Bainimarama to be disciplined The Conservative Alliance (CAMV), the junior partner in Fiji's coalition government, called on Bainimarama and Police Commissioner Andrew Hughes to resign for "making a mockery of (Fiji's) judicial systems," and Home Affairs Minister Vosanibola labelled Bainimarama "arrogant," saying that he was the only military commander in the commonwealth with the effrontery to interfere in political affairs. Bainimarama retorted on 1 June that having undergone three coups in eighteen years, Fiji could not be compared to other commonwealth countries. On 15 July, Cakobau called for Bainimarama to be disciplined for insubordination, while Jale Baba, National Director of the ruling United Fiji Party, said that "some of the statements made by Commodore Bainimarama were against the institution he worked for." However, Opposition Leader Mahendra Chaudhry, who has been critical of Bainimarama in the past, supported him this time, saying that the reason why Bainimarama has opposed the legislation is that he understands what it is really about. Vosanibola warns Bainimarama On 9 June, Vosanibola reacted to warnings from Bainimarama that the military might be forced to "open up" by reiterating his previous threats to discipline Bainimarama if he failed to act in accordance with government policy and submit any complaints through the correct channels. On 20 June, the Fiji Times reported that "a reliable source" close to the government had accused President Ratu Josefa Iloilo, as the Military Commander-in-Chief, of refusing repeated requests from Vosanibola to institute disciplinary measures against Bainimarama. The source cited Section 96 of the Constitution, which requires the President to act on the advice of the appropriate Cabinet Minister, in this case the Home Affairs Minister, and accused him of refusing to do so. This, he said, was making the Minister look foolish and incompetent. On 30 June, Attorney-General Qoriniasi Bale said that there was no problem between the government and the military, but added, "The only problem is an army leadership that thinks it rules the Government when it is supposed to be the other way around." He claimed that measures were underway to resolve the dispute. Bale was responding to concerns raised by the Nadroga-Navosa Provincial Council about the government's passage of controversial legislation in the face of opposition from the military, as well as from foreign governments. Home Affairs Minister Vosanibola finally admitted on 13 July that the government was constitutionally powerless to do anything to discipline the Military commander. He said that the government was very concerned about Bainimarama's behaviour, and accused the media of exacerbating the tensions. "You (the media) can play a major role and come to us first instead of coming to us after highlighting what he (Bainimarama) has said," Vosanibola told the Fiji Times. On 15 July, Vosanibola appeared to backtrack somewhat, saying that the government was looking at disciplinary options short of removing the commander from his position. According to the Fiji Times, he admitted having paid several visits to President Iloilo over the matter. Alleged offer to form pro-government mercenary force Also on 15 July, the Fiji Sun newspaper quoted a former soldier, who claims to be an Israeli-trained Fijian security officer, as having met the Prime Minister and the Home Affairs Minister to offer to set up a mercenary force, which he called a "protection squad," to defend the government against any threat from the Military. It would take less than a week to assemble the squad, he was reported as saying. Fiji Live reported that Police Commissioner Andrew Hughes had expressed surprise at the news, saying that as one of the country's top security officers, he knew nothing about the matter. Commodore Bainimarama, for his part, said from New Caledonia that the man was a "loser" who had been dishonourably discharged from the Fijian Army some time before. On 19 July, the government convened a meeting of the National Security Council, comprising Prime Minister Qarase, Attorney-General Bale, Finance Minister Ratu Jone Kubuabola, Foreign Minister Kaliopate Tavola, and Home Affairs Minister Vosanibola, to discuss the increasing tension between the government and the military. The Ministers emerged from the Council meeting tight-lipped and unwilling to answer questions pertaining to the relationship between the government and the military, except to say that the security situation was "calm" and "stable." Home Affairs Minister Vosanibola said that the government did not need the help of mercenaries, as offered by Raqio. Prime Minister Qarase, for his part, said that he was satisfied with military and police assurances about the security situation. "I would like to reiterate the assurances given by the military and police that the situation in the country is stable," the Prime Minister said. Meanwhile, military spokesman Captain Neumi Leweni said that the military had not provided the Security Council with any briefing. Alleged attempt to dismiss commander On 20 July, Bainimarama went public with allegations that Home Affairs Minister Vosanibola had attempted to dismiss him in June. The Cabinet had, he claimed, discussed a letter of termination presented by Vosanibola. Meanwhile, Radio Australia admitted its embarrassment over a telephone interview conducted, supposedly with Bainimarama, on 18 July. Bainimarama denied having given the interview, and Radio Australia admitted the next day that the person who answered the call, whom they now believed to have been a member of Bainimarama's staff, appeared to have been impersonating him. Further criticism of commander In a parliamentary speech on 10 August, Fisheries Minister Konisi Yabaki accused the opposition Fiji Labour Party of having manipulated the military, as well as the police, to defy the government. He said they had "poisoned the minds of the current leadership in the disciplined forces to publicly express their views against an elected Government without fear of retribution or recrimination." On 3 October, Prime Minister Qarase called on Bainimarama to respect the authority of the government. He said that Home Affairs Minister Josefa Vosanibola was studying Bainimarama's recent comments, and that the government would duly decide what action to take in response. Efforts to defuse the quarrel On 21 June, Bainimarama's predecessors as Military commander, Sitiveni Rabuka (who supports the government's proposed reconciliation commission) and Epeli Ganilau (who opposes it) both called on the government to settle its quarrel with Bainimarama and stop "passing the buck" to the President. Both men, despite their differences, had already defended Bainimarama's right to speak out, because maintaining stability is the responsibility of the Military. "They have a duty to protect the country 24 hours a day and have every right to be part of those observing the tabling of the bill," Rabuka said on 2 June. The day before, Ganilau had said that there was nothing sinister about the military being present to observe the tabling of legislation. Rabuka reiterated on 21 June that Bainimarama was within his rights to speak out, because he would be answerable if anything happened. Prime Minister Qarase said on 31 July that he and Home Affairs Minister Josefa Vosanibola considered the "Pacific way" of dialogue to be the best option to solve the impasse between the government and the military. He said he was "always available" to enter into dialogue with Commodore Bainimarama. On 3 August, Prime Minister Qarase said that he was taking urgent steps to resolve the tension with the Military. He would consider, he said, the Military's views. The Prime Minister said that the issue was a very sensitive one, and that people should not think about it emotionally. On 12 August, Home Affairs Minister Vosanibola insisted that his relationship with the Commodore Bainimarama was good, and that the government was on good terms with the Military. He was looking at ways to resolve the disagreements between the government and the Military, he added. "We will try and smooth the things with the army. I’m looking forward to meet him after this Parliament sitting is over," Vosanibola said. Threat to depose the government On 5 June, Bainimarama reiterated his opposition to the proposed reconciliation commission, and said that if the government continued to "bulldoze" it through Parliament, he would be forced to "open up." He did not elaborate on what he meant by that. On 11 July, Bainimarama issued one of his strongest-worded challenges yet to the government, saying that it was forcing the country into the same anarchy as in 2000. The Reconciliation and Unity Bill would never allow the country to live in peace, he said. In an eight-page statement, he warned that the Military was would take decisive action against any "destabilisers" - among whom he named Attorney-General Bale and Ministry of Reconciliation Chief Executive Apisalome Tudreu. "The military will dish out the same fate we dealt George Speight and his group to anyone whom we think deserves this treatment," Bainimarama said. He said that he would arrest and put on trial anyone who threatened the stability of Fiji. Home Affairs Minister Vosanibola said in response to Bainimarama's latest attack that it was hurting the fine reputation of the Fijian army, which he said was "a global power" in peacemaking - but which suffered from a present leadership that he saw as "questionable." He called on Bainimarama to respect the rule of law and the parliamentary process. Vosanibola did not, however, repeat previous threats to discipline Bainimarama. The next day, it was revealed that a draft document signed by Commodore Bainimarama had originally contained a direct threat to overthrow the government if the bill went through. "The RFMF must stop the Bill from passing or get rid of the Government if it is passed. We can recover without this government, we cannot recover from this Bill," said part of an emboldened paragraph, which was edited out of the document, part of the Military's draft submission to the parliamentary committee considering the bill, before publication. The document accused Prime Minister Qarase and Attorney-General Bale of playing the race card deliberately for political reasons. On 28 July, Bainimarama denied media reports that the Military had been on high alert since the introduction of the bill. The reports surfaced in the light of revelations that security had been tightened at the Queen Elizabeth Barracks in the Suva suburb of Nabua, and that security for President Iloilo had also been strengthened. Bainimarama's denial followed a report by Television New Zealand on 26 July that Fiji's intelligence service was being put on high alert to counter coup threats from the Military. Police tighten security The acting Assistant Superintendent of Police, Unaisi Vuniwaqa, said on 3 August that the police regarded the Military as a possible threat to national stability if the controversial legislation passed, and had taken steps to improve the security of the Parliamentary complex, with checkpoints being set up and plainclothes policemen and Tactical Response Unit guards posted. No one would be admitted to the complex without producing identity cards or receiving confirmation of their business from within the parliamentary secretariat. Military reservists working with the police had also been asked to state which body, Military or police, their allegiance lay with. "It's been something that has been on-going even before the Bill and we just wanted to gauge how many men we could rely on in case of emergency," Vuniwaqa said. The same day, Colonel Rabukawaqa denied that there were any plans to overthrow the government. The earlier eight-page memo making such threats that had been leaked to the press was, he said, only a draft. It was "just a thought" that the Military leadership had considered but not taken further, and should not be taken seriously, he said. Parliamentary submission In its parliamentary submission on 29 June, the military claimed that its integrity would be undermined by the passage of the legislation. It expressed concern that soldiers jailed for their involvement in the 2000 coup and the mutinies that accompanied and followed it could be released under the bill's amnesty provisions, which would undermine military discipline and weaken the integrity of the military as an institution. The constitutional power of Commodore Bainimarama as Commander, as the person responsible for discipline, would also be degraded, the submission said. "The events of 2000 showed that the schism that split the military, the country, judiciary, the police and even families was embedded and took over four years to expunge," the statement said. "Any move such as the use of amnesty to allow convicted soldiers to re-enter the rank and file of the military will violate the very basis upon which the strength of the military lies." Incident at the Fiji Law Society The Fiji Times reported on 3 July (Monday) that Bainimarama had turned down an invitation to address the Fiji Law Society over the weekend. Chief Justice Daniel Fatiaki confirmed that Bainimarama had been scheduled to speak. Bainimarama was said to be angry with Law Society President Graeme Leung, a fellow-opponent of the Reconciliation and Unity Bill, for saying that opposing the legislation was not the prerogative of the military. Meanwhile, it was reported on 5 July that Bainimarama had called the legislation a form of "ethnic cleansing". Lobbying the villages, provinces, chiefs On 21 June, Bainimarama announced that his officers would spend the following six weeks visiting villages to inform the population of the military's perception of the bill, which they had translated into Fijian. The announcement was met with immediate opposition from the Kadavu Provincial Council, which supports the legislation. The Council's youth coordinator, Sitiveni Qio, said that soldiers campaigning against the bill would not be welcome in Kadavu. Bainimarama said on 24 August that more than 400 villages around Fiji had informed the visiting Military teams that they were opposed to the bill. He stressed that the Military would not allow any more coups to take palace in Fiji. Reaction to bill's endorsement by provincial councils On 26 July, Bainimarama declared that the military would continue to oppose the legislation, despite its endorsement by the Councils of all fifteen Provinces and dependencies. He said that the bill was "morally, ethically, and legally wrong," and that the military would never support it. The Provincial Council representatives who supported the bill were the same people who supported George Speight in 2000, he claimed. Addressing more than 700 soldiers at a passing out parade, he said that reconciliation could not be legislated and could succeed only if it came from the hearts of those responsible for the crime. Passage of the Unity Bill would, he predicted, undermine the four arms of government - the police, the Department of Public Prosecutions, the Judiciary, and the Military, and would lead people to believe that they could get away acts of treason. If so, there would be no end to the culture of coups, he said. He concluded by quoting from the Bible that one reaps what one sows. Address to the Great Council of Chiefs Addressing a special meeting of the Great Council of Chiefs in Lami on 28 July, Bainimarama said that the legislation would strip the Military of its ability to carry out its responsibilities in an emergency and would weaken national security. In a 31-page speech that took more than an hour to deliver, he accused the government of harbouring in its ranks persons involved in coup-related crimes in 2000. "Who's promoting the Bill? These are people in the current Government who participated in the 2000 coup. Some have been convicted, others are facing trial, there are still others left whom the long arm of the law should get at." The commander took pains to emphasize, however, that the Military was not against the government. The issue, as he saw it, was the rule of law, not the government of the day. "The Bill will legitimise the 2000 coup and will weaken the law and order agencies," he said. "All the good work of rebuilding Fiji to what it is today will be undone." The world community would see a country that condones law-breakers, he maintained. "Why should only a few people be freed and not others when we are all serving under the same law? he asked rhetorically. His speech, laced with quotes from the Bible, urged the chiefs to "do right in the eyes of God" and reject the bill. "If you honourable chiefs agree that those involved in the coup be forgiven, it will prove that we support the wrong and will be at odds with the integrity of God," he declared. The commander criticized the Methodist Church for supporting the bill. "When we wrong God, he does not let us go ... When God's people (Jews) wronged him, he weakened them in battle and caused them to be captives in Babylon for 70 years," he stated. He considered that reconciliation would be possible only after justice had been served. He reminded the chiefs that in 2000, they had not agreed to forgive the perpetrators of the coup, but had insisted that justice should take its course. He urged them to stand by that decision now. The commander did not get his way, however, as the Great Council ended up endorsing the bill, though with the qualification that the government should "consider" the objections raised by its opponents, including the Military. Bainimarama ended his address by reminding the chiefs that in 2000, they had not agreed to forgive the perpetrators of the coup, but had insisted that justice should take its course. He urged them to stand by that decision now. He closed by quoting Amos 5,24: "Let justice roll on like a river, righteousness like a never-falling stream." Bainimarama criticizes chiefs On 29 July, Bainimarama issued a statement critical of the chiefs' decision to support the bill. He accused them of forgetting the decision they had made in 2000, that justice should take its course. "It is sad that they had forgotten that wise decision and have also forgotten the rest of the multi-racial society within which we live," Bainimarama said. He reiterated that the bill was legally, morally, and ethically wrong, and that it condoned the unlawful events of 2000. He said that the chiefs' decision had alienated a large portion of society, and though he accepted that the decision had been taken, that the Military would continue to oppose the legislation. "We will rather air these concerns now than be called in to try to rebuild a society that has been devastated by civil upheaval for this is where we see our destiny if we continue down this path with the Bill," he said. The commander said on 24 August that he was not surprised that the Great Council of Chiefs and the Methodist Church had both endorsed the controversial legislation, as some senior members of both institutions had supported the coup perpetrators in 2000, he alleged. His assertions were supported by former Prime Minister Sitiveni Rabuka - who happens to be a supporter of the legislation. Disagreement with Australian government Australian Foreign Minister Alexander Downer visited Fiji for two days of talks, from 28 to 30 September. Downer expressed strong reservations about the legislation, but also rebuked the Fijian Military for "playing politics." Downer's comments provoked an angry reaction from Bainimarama, who said that Australians have never had to live through a coup and therefore cannot understand what it is like. Disagreement with Methodist Church In 2005, Commodore Bainimarama strongly criticized some sections of the Methodist Church for supporting the Unity Bill, and said that in future, all pastors seeking chaplaincy assignments with Fijian military personnel travelling to the Middle East would be required to state their position on the legislation. Supporters of it need not apply, he said. Rabukawaqa speaks out Military spokesman Lieutenant Colonel Orisi Rabukawaqa said on 1 August that it was not fair to expect taxpayers to foot the bill to compensate coup victims. Those seeking amnesty should pay, he said. Coup perpetrators would learn nothing from their mistakes, he said, if they were released without being required to compensate their victims. He defended the outspokenness of the Military on the bill. "We (the military) had always been called all over the globe to restore peace in other countries and we are only saying this because we do not want to do it in our own country," he said. On 3 September, spokesman Rabukawaqa insisted that the Military was not opposed to the Qarase government as such, but only to the controversial Unity Bill, which he said had security implications. He also said that to offer pardons to only one category of criminal was inconsistent. "If we are going to forgive people, why don't we just forgive everybody and let everybody out of prison." He said that the Military opposed the principle of compensation to coup victims being paid by the taxpayer; rather the perpetrators should be held accountable, he said. The Military had learned its lesson from the 1987 coups, Rabukawaqa said. Then, they had deposed the government of Timoci Bavadra (who was supported mostly by Indo-Fijian voters) in support of the Fijian ethno-nationalist cause, but later came to realize that they had been used. Those responsible for the 1987 coups cannot now be prosecuted, because Sitiveni Rabuka, the chief instigator of the coups who later became Prime Minister, had presided over a rewriting of the Constitution and had ensured the insertion of amnesty provisions. "History unfortunately teaches that if you come out successful, you can rewrite the books to reflect well on you and poorly on others," Rabukawaqa said. No pardon for Speight - military On 6 November, Captain Leweni reiterated the Military's total opposition to any possible pardon for the coup's front man, George Speight. Leweni's public statement coincided with an Australian Broadcasting Corporation interview with Commodore Bainimarama on its Asia Pacific program. Bainimarama vowed that Speight would never be released, and called the bill a "gimmick" to win the votes of Speight sympathizers. His own greatest challenge, he said, was to hold the loyalty of his troops. The two military statements provoked a mixed reaction from politicians and other public figures. Home Affairs Minister Josefa Vosanibola declined to comment until he had seen Bainimarama's interview. Deputy Commissioner of Prisons Opeti Laladidi defended the Commander's right to speak his mind, but Cabinet Minister Samisoni Tikoinasau, Speight's older brother, said that Bainimarama's comments could take the country backwards and that he should be more cautious. He asserted that the government would not back down in the face of "threats" from the Military. Attorney-General Qoriniasi Bale, for his part, thought it unlikely that the legislation would be used to pardon Speight, as it made a pardon conditional on the person seeking it making a complete confession about who planned and financed the crisis. Speight has repeatedly refused to make any statement to that effect. Kotobalavu pleads with Bainimarama On 22 December 2005, the Chief Executive Officer in the Prime Minister's Department, Joji Kotobalavu, pleaded with the Military not to use or threaten force to stop the Unity Bill. His appeal came in the wake of another public refusal from the Military commander to accept the legislation. "The RTU Bill is not going to happen," he defiantly declared at a press conference the previous day. United Fiji Party (SDL) General Secretary Jale Baba challenged Commodore Bainimarama to pursue his opposition to the bill through political, rather than military, channels. "He should join a political party and see if they will vote him in," Baba declared. The Commander found support, however, from National Alliance Party President Ratu Epeli Ganilau and from Ema Druavesi, General Secretary of the Fijian Political Party (SVT), which ruled Fiji from 1992 through 1999. She accused the government of promoting the bill for "deliberate and dishonest motives," alleging that its real purpose was to release all coup convicts. She also charged that public servants Anare Jale, Joji Kotobalavu, and Lesi Korovavala, along with the Attorney-General's Office, seemed to have a personal dislike for the Commander. Parliamentary vote delayed. Prime Minister Qarase announced on 18 January that the tabling of the legislation for final parliamentary approval was being postponed until further notice, pending "consultations." This move followed an extraordinary week which had seen unusual troop and naval deployments, rumours of a possible coup, and the dismissal of Acting Land Force Commander Lieutenant Colonel Jone Baledrokadroka for alleged insubordination, culminating in a meeting at Government House (the official residence of the President between the Prime Minister and Commodore Bainimarama under the auspices of Vice-President Ratu Jone Madraiwiwi on 16 January. In a statement issued after the meeting, Madraiwiwi said that the Prime Minister had agreed to consider the grievances of the Military and to consult them about possible changes to the legislation. This was not clarified further at the time, but on the 18th, the Prime Minister went further and said that the process of consulting everybody could take a long time, and that it could no longer be guaranteed that the legislation would be passed in time for the 2006 parliamentary election. The same was true of other controversial bills opposed by the Military, including legislation defining indigenous fishing rights and establishing a separate indigenous court system, Qarase said. Jioji Kotobalavu, the Chief Executive Officer of the Prime Minister's Department, said that the bill was being revised, and that the Military would be briefed when the revision had been completed. Military still opposed Captain Leweni reiterated the Military's opposition to the bill 16 February 2006. The Military would never allow it to become law, he vowed. "As far as the RFMF (Military) is concerned the RTU Bill is a non-issue as we have promised it will not eventuate," he said. Commodore Bainimarama later endorsed Leweni's comments, which followed a statement from the Prime Minister that the bill had not been abandoned and would not be. Early in March 2006, the Military warned the government not to reintroduce the bill should it win reelection on 6-13 May. The Military also advised the Great Council of Chiefs to pursue no further discussion of the bill, a charge rejected by Great Council General Secretary Asesela Sadole. 2006 military coup In late November 2006, Bainimarama handed down a list of demands to Qarase, one of which was the withdrawal of three controversial bills, including the Reconciliation, Tolerance, and Unity Bill. On 5 December, Bainimarama overthrew the government. Addressing the media to explain his actions, he stated that the Reconciliation Bill had to be prevented as it would have "undermined the Constitution".[1] He later added that, if the SDL party returned to power, he would tolerate it only as long as it did not attempt to re-introduce the Bill. "If you do it, I'll remove you," he warned.[2] References 1.Jump up ^ "Commander RFMF - Public Declaration of Military Takeover", Fiji government website, 5 December 2006 2.Jump up ^ "On my terms: Bainimarama points way ahead", Fiji Times, 1 June 2008
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Nemani Ramasei Military opposition to the Reconciliation, Tolerance, and Unity Bill Commodore Frank Bainimarama, Commander of the Republic of Fiji Military Forces, has been a vociferous and uncompromising critic of the government's proposal to establish a Reconcil Read more ...
iation and Unity Commission, with the power to grant compensation to victims of the 2000 coup, and amnesty to perpetrators of it. Among other objections, the Military claims that its integrity and discipline would be undermined if soldiers who mutinied in the 2000 upheaval were to be pardoned. The military's opposition to the Bill culminated in a coup d'état in December 2006. Contents 1 The power struggle 2 Calls to discipline the military 2.1 Conservative Alliance calls for Bainimarama to be disciplined 2.2 Vosanibola warns Bainimarama 2.3 Alleged offer to form pro-government mercenary force 2.4 Alleged attempt to dismiss commander 2.5 Further criticism of commander 3 Efforts to defuse the quarrel 4 Threat to depose the government 4.1 Police tighten security 5 Parliamentary submission 6 Incident at the Fiji Law Society 7 Lobbying the villages, provinces, chiefs 7.1 Reaction to bill's endorsement by provincial councils 7.2 Address to the Great Council of Chiefs 7.3 Bainimarama criticizes chiefs 8 Disagreement with Australian government 9 Disagreement with Methodist Church 10 Rabukawaqa speaks out 11 No pardon for Speight - military 11.1 Kotobalavu pleads with Bainimarama 12 Parliamentary vote delayed 13 Military still opposed 14 2006 military coup 15 References 16 See also The power struggle On 13 May 2005, Bainimarama spoke out against the proposal, calling it "Reconciliation bull" and vowing that he and the military would oppose the legislation, which detractors say is a sham to grant amnesty to supporters of the present government who played roles in the coup. His attack on the legislation, which continued unremittingly throughout May and into June, further strained his already tense relationship with the government. Bainimarama was supported by Army spokesman Captain Neumi Leweni, who said on 16 May that a meeting of senior officers had resolved to try to prevent the passage of the legislation. "We are not in favour of the Bill that proposes to offer amnesty for coup perpetrators in 2000, and will do all we can to oppose it," Leweni said. Bainimarama said on 1 June that having undergone three coups in eighteen years, Fiji could not be compared to other commonwealth countries. He said this in response to claims by Home Affairs Minister Vosanibola that Fiji was the only country in the Commonwealth of Nations whose Military commander dared to oppose government policy. Bainimarama revused refused to say what the military would do if the government insisted on passing the bill, saying that they would cross that bridge when they came to it. Tensions escalated after 4 June, when Bainimarama publicly accused Prime Minister Qarase of having snubbed a military parade the previous day, in honour of Fijian soldiers returning from peacekeeping missions in East Timor. Commodore Bainimarama reiterated the Military's opposition to the legislation on 24 August. He asserted that it was the Military's prerogative to decide on the bill, as it was they and not the government that was responsible for the stability currently enjoyed by Fijian citizens. In a four-page statement, Bainimarama said that the Military, the Police, and the office of the Director of Public Prosecutions had done much to restore stability to Fiji, with no assistance whatsoever from the government. On 12 October, Military spokesman Captain Neumi Leweni emphasized that the Military still wanted the bill withdrawn in its entirety. The amendments to the amnesty clauses hinted at by Prime Minister Qarase were not a sufficient guarantee that no coup perpetrators would be released, he said. He added that while the Military was committed to protecting the democratically elected government, it would not allow supporters of the 2000 coup to "bulldoze" the legislation through. Leweni reiterated this stance on 28 November. "We stated earlier that we do not want this bill at all and even if there are amendments we will still not support its implementation," he said. He threatened legal action if the bill, in any form, was passed. He was supported by Rev. Akuila Yabaki of the Citizens Constitutional Forum, who said that the bill in its entirety was "unconstitutional" and needed to be withdrawn, and if not, challenged in the courts. Calls to discipline the military On 29 May, more than 20 military officers, dressed in uniform, sat in the visitors' gallery in Parliament in a silent protest against the legislation. Home Affairs Minister Josefa Vosanibola labelled Bainimarama "arrogant," saying that he was the only military commander in the commonwealth with the effrontery to interfere in political affairs. While conceding that as citizens, soldiers had a right to observe parliamentary proceedings, they should have worn civilian clothes so as to avoid drawing attention to themselves. Attorney-General Qoriniasi Bale called for an investigation into why the officers had been in Parliament during work hours, and into why they had been in uniform. Conservative Alliance calls for Bainimarama to be disciplined The Conservative Alliance (CAMV), the junior partner in Fiji's coalition government, called on Bainimarama and Police Commissioner Andrew Hughes to resign for "making a mockery of (Fiji's) judicial systems," and Home Affairs Minister Vosanibola labelled Bainimarama "arrogant," saying that he was the only military commander in the commonwealth with the effrontery to interfere in political affairs. Bainimarama retorted on 1 June that having undergone three coups in eighteen years, Fiji could not be compared to other commonwealth countries. On 15 July, Cakobau called for Bainimarama to be disciplined for insubordination, while Jale Baba, National Director of the ruling United Fiji Party, said that "some of the statements made by Commodore Bainimarama were against the institution he worked for." However, Opposition Leader Mahendra Chaudhry, who has been critical of Bainimarama in the past, supported him this time, saying that the reason why Bainimarama has opposed the legislation is that he understands what it is really about. Vosanibola warns Bainimarama On 9 June, Vosanibola reacted to warnings from Bainimarama that the military might be forced to "open up" by reiterating his previous threats to discipline Bainimarama if he failed to act in accordance with government policy and submit any complaints through the correct channels. On 20 June, the Fiji Times reported that "a reliable source" close to the government had accused President Ratu Josefa Iloilo, as the Military Commander-in-Chief, of refusing repeated requests from Vosanibola to institute disciplinary measures against Bainimarama. The source cited Section 96 of the Constitution, which requires the President to act on the advice of the appropriate Cabinet Minister, in this case the Home Affairs Minister, and accused him of refusing to do so. This, he said, was making the Minister look foolish and incompetent. On 30 June, Attorney-General Qoriniasi Bale said that there was no problem between the government and the military, but added, "The only problem is an army leadership that thinks it rules the Government when it is supposed to be the other way around." He claimed that measures were underway to resolve the dispute. Bale was responding to concerns raised by the Nadroga-Navosa Provincial Council about the government's passage of controversial legislation in the face of opposition from the military, as well as from foreign governments. Home Affairs Minister Vosanibola finally admitted on 13 July that the government was constitutionally powerless to do anything to discipline the Military commander. He said that the government was very concerned about Bainimarama's behaviour, and accused the media of exacerbating the tensions. "You (the media) can play a major role and come to us first instead of coming to us after highlighting what he (Bainimarama) has said," Vosanibola told the Fiji Times. On 15 July, Vosanibola appeared to backtrack somewhat, saying that the government was looking at disciplinary options short of removing the commander from his position. According to the Fiji Times, he admitted having paid several visits to President Iloilo over the matter. Alleged offer to form pro-government mercenary force Also on 15 July, the Fiji Sun newspaper quoted a former soldier, who claims to be an Israeli-trained Fijian security officer, as having met the Prime Minister and the Home Affairs Minister to offer to set up a mercenary force, which he called a "protection squad," to defend the government against any threat from the Military. It would take less than a week to assemble the squad, he was reported as saying. Fiji Live reported that Police Commissioner Andrew Hughes had expressed surprise at the news, saying that as one of the country's top security officers, he knew nothing about the matter. Commodore Bainimarama, for his part, said from New Caledonia that the man was a "loser" who had been dishonourably discharged from the Fijian Army some time before. On 19 July, the government convened a meeting of the National Security Council, comprising Prime Minister Qarase, Attorney-General Bale, Finance Minister Ratu Jone Kubuabola, Foreign Minister Kaliopate Tavola, and Home Affairs Minister Vosanibola, to discuss the increasing tension between the government and the military. The Ministers emerged from the Council meeting tight-lipped and unwilling to answer questions pertaining to the relationship between the government and the military, except to say that the security situation was "calm" and "stable." Home Affairs Minister Vosanibola said that the government did not need the help of mercenaries, as offered by Raqio. Prime Minister Qarase, for his part, said that he was satisfied with military and police assurances about the security situation. "I would like to reiterate the assurances given by the military and police that the situation in the country is stable," the Prime Minister said. Meanwhile, military spokesman Captain Neumi Leweni said that the military had not provided the Security Council with any briefing. Alleged attempt to dismiss commander On 20 July, Bainimarama went public with allegations that Home Affairs Minister Vosanibola had attempted to dismiss him in June. The Cabinet had, he claimed, discussed a letter of termination presented by Vosanibola. Meanwhile, Radio Australia admitted its embarrassment over a telephone interview conducted, supposedly with Bainimarama, on 18 July. Bainimarama denied having given the interview, and Radio Australia admitted the next day that the person who answered the call, whom they now believed to have been a member of Bainimarama's staff, appeared to have been impersonating him. Further criticism of commander. In a parliamentary speech on 10 August, Fisheries Minister Konisi Yabaki accused the opposition Fiji Labour Party of having manipulated the military, as well as the police, to defy the government. He said they had "poisoned the minds of the current leadership in the disciplined forces to publicly express their views against an elected Government without fear of retribution or recrimination." On 3 October, Prime Minister Qarase called on Bainimarama to respect the authority of the government. He said that Home Affairs Minister Josefa Vosanibola was studying Bainimarama's recent comments, and that the government would duly decide what action to take in response. Efforts to defuse the quarrel. On 21 June, Bainimarama's predecessors as Military commander, Sitiveni Rabuka (who supports the government's proposed reconciliation commission) and Epeli Ganilau (who opposes it) both called on the government to settle its quarrel with Bainimarama and stop "passing the buck" to the President. Both men, despite their differences, had already defended Bainimarama's right to speak out, because maintaining stability is the responsibility of the Military. "They have a duty to protect the country 24 hours a day and have every right to be part of those observing the tabling of the bill," Rabuka said on 2 June. The day before, Ganilau had said that there was nothing sinister about the military being present to observe the tabling of legislation. Rabuka reiterated on 21 June that Bainimarama was within his rights to speak out, because he would be answerable if anything happened. Prime Minister Qarase said on 31 July that he and Home Affairs Minister Josefa Vosanibola considered the "Pacific way" of dialogue to be the best option to solve the impasse between the government and the military. He said he was "always available" to enter into dialogue with Commodore Bainimarama. On 3 August, Prime Minister Qarase said that he was taking urgent steps to resolve the tension with the Military. He would consider, he said, the Military's views. The Prime Minister said that the issue was a very sensitive one, and that people should not think about it emotionally. On 12 August, Home Affairs Minister Vosanibola insisted that his relationship with the Commodore Bainimarama was good, and that the government was on good terms with the Military. He was looking at ways to resolve the disagreements between the government and the Military, he added. "We will try and smooth the things with the army. I’m looking forward to meet him after this Parliament sitting is over," Vosanibola said. Threat to depose the government. On 5 June, Bainimarama reiterated his opposition to the proposed reconciliation commission, and said that if the government continued to "bulldoze" it through Parliament, he would be forced to "open up." He did not elaborate on what he meant by that. On 11 July, Bainimarama issued one of his strongest-worded challenges yet to the government, saying that it was forcing the country into the same anarchy as in 2000. The Reconciliation and Unity Bill would never allow the country to live in peace, he said. In an eight-page statement, he warned that the Military was would take decisive action against any "destabilisers" - among whom he named Attorney-General Bale and Ministry of Reconciliation Chief Executive Apisalome Tudreu. "The military will dish out the same fate we dealt George Speight and his group to anyone whom we think deserves this treatment," Bainimarama said. He said that he would arrest and put on trial anyone who threatened the stability of Fiji. Home Affairs Minister Vosanibola said in response to Bainimarama's latest attack that it was hurting the fine reputation of the Fijian army, which he said was "a global power" in peacemaking - but which suffered from a present leadership that he saw as "questionable." He called on Bainimarama to respect the rule of law and the parliamentary process. Vosanibola did not, however, repeat previous threats to discipline Bainimarama. The next day, it was revealed that a draft document signed by Commodore Bainimarama had originally contained a direct threat to overthrow the government if the bill went through. "The RFMF must stop the Bill from passing or get rid of the Government if it is passed. We can recover without this government, we cannot recover from this Bill," said part of an emboldened paragraph, which was edited out of the document, part of the Military's draft submission to the parliamentary committee considering the bill, before publication. The document accused Prime Minister Qarase and Attorney-General Bale of playing the race card deliberately for political reasons. On 28 July, Bainimarama denied media reports that the Military had been on high alert since the introduction of the bill. The reports surfaced in the light of revelations that security had been tightened at the Queen Elizabeth Barracks in the Suva suburb of Nabua, and that security for President Iloilo had also been strengthened. Bainimarama's denial followed a report by Television New Zealand on 26 July that Fiji's intelligence service was being put on high alert to counter coup threats from the Military. Police tighten security. The acting Assistant Superintendent of Police, Unaisi Vuniwaqa, said on 3 August that the police regarded the Military as a possible threat to national stability if the controversial legislation passed, and had taken steps to improve the security of the Parliamentary complex, with checkpoints being set up and plainclothes policemen and Tactical Response Unit guards posted. No one would be admitted to the complex without producing identity cards or receiving confirmation of their business from within the parliamentary secretariat. Military reservists working with the police had also been asked to state which body, Military or police, their allegiance lay with. "It's been something that has been on-going even before the Bill and we just wanted to gauge how many men we could rely on in case of emergency," Vuniwaqa said. The same day, Colonel Rabukawaqa denied that there were any plans to overthrow the government. The earlier eight-page memo making such threats that had been leaked to the press was, he said, only a draft. It was "just a thought" that the Military leadership had considered but not taken further, and should not be taken seriously, he said. Parliamentary submission. In its parliamentary submission on 29 June, the military claimed that its integrity would be undermined by the passage of the legislation. It expressed concern that soldiers jailed for their involvement in the 2000 coup and the mutinies that accompanied and followed it could be released under the bill's amnesty provisions, which would undermine military discipline and weaken the integrity of the military as an institution. The constitutional power of Commodore Bainimarama as Commander, as the person responsible for discipline, would also be degraded, the submission said. "The events of 2000 showed that the schism that split the military, the country, judiciary, the police and even families was embedded and took over four years to expunge," the statement said. "Any move such as the use of amnesty to allow convicted soldiers to re-enter the rank and file of the military will violate the very basis upon which the strength of the military lies." Incident at the Fiji Law Society The Fiji Times reported on 3 July (Monday) that Bainimarama had turned down an invitation to address the Fiji Law Society over the weekend. Chief Justice Daniel Fatiaki confirmed that Bainimarama had been scheduled to speak. Bainimarama was said to be angry with Law Society President Graeme Leung, a fellow-opponent of the Reconciliation and Unity Bill, for saying that opposing the legislation was not the prerogative of the military. Meanwhile, it was reported on 5 July that Bainimarama had called the legislation a form of "ethnic cleansing". Lobbying the villages, provinces, chiefs On 21 June, Bainimarama announced that his officers would spend the following six weeks visiting villages to inform the population of the military's perception of the bill, which they had translated into Fijian. The announcement was met with immediate opposition from the Kadavu Provincial Council, which supports the legislation. The Council's youth coordinator, Sitiveni Qio, said that soldiers campaigning against the bill would not be welcome in Kadavu. Bainimarama said on 24 August that more than 400 villages around Fiji had informed the visiting Military teams that they were opposed to the bill. He stressed that the Military would not allow any more coups to take palace in Fiji. Reaction to bill's endorsement by provincial councils On 26 July, Bainimarama declared that the military would continue to oppose the legislation, despite its endorsement by the Councils of all fifteen Provinces and dependencies. He said that the bill was "morally, ethically, and legally wrong," and that the military would never support it. The Provincial Council representatives who supported the bill were the same people who supported George Speight in 2000, he claimed. Addressing more than 700 soldiers at a passing out parade, he said that reconciliation could not be legislated and could succeed only if it came from the hearts of those responsible for the crime. Passage of the Unity Bill would, he predicted, undermine the four arms of government - the police, the Department of Public Prosecutions, the Judiciary, and the Military, and would lead people to believe that they could get away acts of treason. If so, there would be no end to the culture of coups, he said. He concluded by quoting from the Bible that one reaps what one sows. Address to the Great Council of Chiefs Addressing a special meeting of the Great Council of Chiefs in Lami on 28 July, Bainimarama said that the legislation would strip the Military of its ability to carry out its responsibilities in an emergency and would weaken national security. In a 31-page speech that took more than an hour to deliver, he accused the government of harbouring in its ranks persons involved in coup-related crimes in 2000. "Who's promoting the Bill? These are people in the current Government who participated in the 2000 coup. Some have been convicted, others are facing trial, there are still others left whom the long arm of the law should get at." The commander took pains to emphasize, however, that the Military was not against the government. The issue, as he saw it, was the rule of law, not the government of the day. "The Bill will legitimise the 2000 coup and will weaken the law and order agencies," he said. "All the good work of rebuilding Fiji to what it is today will be undone." The world community would see a country that condones law-breakers, he maintained. "Why should only a few people be freed and not others when we are all serving under the same law? he asked rhetorically. His speech, laced with quotes from the Bible, urged the chiefs to "do right in the eyes of God" and reject the bill. "If you honourable chiefs agree that those involved in the coup be forgiven, it will prove that we support the wrong and will be at odds with the integrity of God," he declared. The commander criticized the Methodist Church for supporting the bill. "When we wrong God, he does not let us go ... When God's people (Jews) wronged him, he weakened them in battle and caused them to be captives in Babylon for 70 years," he stated. He considered that reconciliation would be possible only after justice had been served. He reminded the chiefs that in 2000, they had not agreed to forgive the perpetrators of the coup, but had insisted that justice should take its course. He urged them to stand by that decision now. The commander did not get his way, however, as the Great Council ended up endorsing the bill, though with the qualification that the government should "consider" the objections raised by its opponents, including the Military. Bainimarama ended his address by reminding the chiefs that in 2000, they had not agreed to forgive the perpetrators of the coup, but had insisted that justice should take its course. He urged them to stand by that decision now. He closed by quoting Amos 5,24: "Let justice roll on like a river, righteousness like a never-falling stream." Bainimarama criticizes chiefs On 29 July, Bainimarama issued a statement critical of the chiefs' decision to support the bill. He accused them of forgetting the decision they had made in 2000, that justice should take its course. "It is sad that they had forgotten that wise decision and have also forgotten the rest of the multi-racial society within which we live," Bainimarama said. He reiterated that the bill was legally, morally, and ethically wrong, and that it condoned the unlawful events of 2000. He said that the chiefs' decision had alienated a large portion of society, and though he accepted that the decision had been taken, that the Military would continue to oppose the legislation. "We will rather air these concerns now than be called in to try to rebuild a society that has been devastated by civil upheaval for this is where we see our destiny if we continue down this path with the Bill," he said. The commander said on 24 August that he was not surprised that the Great Council of Chiefs and the Methodist Church had both endorsed the controversial legislation, as some senior members of both institutions had supported the coup perpetrators in 2000, he alleged. His assertions were supported by former Prime Minister Sitiveni Rabuka - who happens to be a supporter of the legislation. Disagreement with Australian government See main article: Foreign reaction to the Reconciliation, Tolerance, and Unity Bill (Fiji) Australian Foreign Minister Alexander Downer visited Fiji for two days of talks, from 28 to 30 September. Downer expressed strong reservations about the legislation, but also rebuked the Fijian Military for "playing politics." Downer's comments provoked an angry reaction from Bainimarama, who said that Australians have never had to live through a coup and therefore cannot understand what it is like. Disagreement with Methodist Church See main article: Military-church relations in Fiji In 2005, Commodore Bainimarama strongly criticized some sections of the Methodist Church for supporting the Unity Bill, and said that in future, all pastors seeking chaplaincy assignments with Fijian military personnel travelling to the Middle East would be required to state their position on the legislation. Supporters of it need not apply, he said. Rabukawaqa speaks out Military spokesman Lieutenant Colonel Orisi Rabukawaqa said on 1 August that it was not fair to expect taxpayers to foot the bill to compensate coup victims. Those seeking amnesty should pay, he said. Coup perpetrators would learn nothing from their mistakes, he said, if they were released without being required to compensate their victims. He defended the outspokenness of the Military on the bill. "We (the military) had always been called all over the globe to restore peace in other countries and we are only saying this because we do not want to do it in our own country," he said. On 3 September, spokesman Rabukawaqa insisted that the Military was not opposed to the Qarase government as such, but only to the controversial Unity Bill, which he said had security implications. He also said that to offer pardons to only one category of criminal was inconsistent. "If we are going to forgive people, why don't we just forgive everybody and let everybody out of prison." He said that the Military opposed the principle of compensation to coup victims being paid by the taxpayer; rather the perpetrators should be held accountable, he said. The Military had learned its lesson from the 1987 coups, Rabukawaqa said. Then, they had deposed the government of Timoci Bavadra (who was supported mostly by Indo-Fijian voters) in support of the Fijian ethno-nationalist cause, but later came to realize that they had been used. Those responsible for the 1987 coups cannot now be prosecuted, because Sitiveni Rabuka, the chief instigator of the coups who later became Prime Minister, had presided over a rewriting of the Constitution and had ensured the insertion of amnesty provisions. "History unfortunately teaches that if you come out successful, you can rewrite the books to reflect well on you and poorly on others," Rabukawaqa said. No pardon for Speight - military On 6 November, Captain Leweni reiterated the Military's total opposition to any possible pardon for the coup's front man, George Speight. Leweni's public statement coincided with an Australian Broadcasting Corporation interview with Commodore Bainimarama on its Asia Pacific program. Bainimarama vowed that Speight would never be released, and called the bill a "gimmick" to win the votes of Speight sympathizers. His own greatest challenge, he said, was to hold the loyalty of his troops. The two military statements provoked a mixed reaction from politicians and other public figures. Home Affairs Minister Josefa Vosanibola declined to comment until he had seen Bainimarama's interview. Deputy Commissioner of Prisons Opeti Laladidi defended the Commander's right to speak his mind, but Cabinet Minister Samisoni Tikoinasau, Speight's older brother, said that Bainimarama's comments could take the country backwards and that he should be more cautious. He asserted that the government would not back down in the face of "threats" from the Military. Attorney-General Qoriniasi Bale, for his part, thought it unlikely that the legislation would be used to pardon Speight, as it made a pardon conditional on the person seeking it making a complete confession about who planned and financed the crisis. Speight has repeatedly refused to make any statement to that effect. Kotobalavu pleads with Bainimarama On 22 December 2005, the Chief Executive Officer in the Prime Minister's Department, Joji Kotobalavu, pleaded with the Military not to use or threaten force to stop the Unity Bill. His appeal came in the wake of another public refusal from the Military commander to accept the legislation. "The RTU Bill is not going to happen," he defiantly declared at a press conference the previous day. United Fiji Party (SDL) General Secretary Jale Baba challenged Commodore Bainimarama to pursue his opposition to the bill through political, rather than military, channels. "He should join a political party and see if they will vote him in," Baba declared. The Commander found support, however, from National Alliance Party President Ratu Epeli Ganilau and from Ema Druavesi, General Secretary of the Fijian Political Party (SVT), which ruled Fiji from 1992 through 1999. She accused the government of promoting the bill for "deliberate and dishonest motives," alleging that its real purpose was to release all coup convicts. She also charged that public servants Anare Jale, Joji Kotobalavu, and Lesi Korovavala, along with the Attorney-General's Office, seemed to have a personal dislike for the Commander. Parliamentary vote delayed. See main article: Fiji crisis of 2005-2006. Prime Minister Qarase announced on 18 January that the tabling of the legislation for final parliamentary approval was being postponed until further notice, pending "consultations." This move followed an extraordinary week which had seen unusual troop and naval deployments, rumours of a possible coup, and the dismissal of Acting Land Force Commander Lieutenant Colonel Jone Baledrokadroka for alleged insubordination, culminating in a meeting at Government House (the official residence of the President between the Prime Minister and Commodore Bainimarama under the auspices of Vice-President Ratu Jone Madraiwiwi on 16 January. In a statement issued after the meeting, Madraiwiwi said that the Prime Minister had agreed to consider the grievances of the Military and to consult them about possible changes to the legislation. This was not clarified further at the time, but on the 18th, the Prime Minister went further and said that the process of consulting everybody could take a long time, and that it could no longer be guaranteed that the legislation would be passed in time for the 2006 parliamentary election. The same was true of other controversial bills opposed by the Military, including legislation defining indigenous fishing rights and establishing a separate indigenous court system, Qarase said. Jioji Kotobalavu, the Chief Executive Officer of the Prime Minister's Department, said that the bill was being revised, and that the Military would be briefed when the revision had been completed. Military still opposed Captain Leweni reiterated the Military's opposition to the bill 16 February 2006. The Military would never allow it to become law, he vowed. "As far as the RFMF (Military) is concerned the RTU Bill is a non-issue as we have promised it will not eventuate," he said. Commodore Bainimarama later endorsed Leweni's comments, which followed a statement from the Prime Minister that the bill had not been abandoned and would not be. Early in March 2006, the Military warned the government not to reintroduce the bill should it win reelection on 6-13 May. The Military also advised the Great Council of Chiefs to pursue no further discussion of the bill, a charge rejected by Great Council General Secretary Asesela Sadole. 2006 military coup In late November 2006, Bainimarama handed down a list of demands to Qarase, one of which was the withdrawal of three controversial bills, including the Reconciliation, Tolerance, and Unity Bill. On 5 December, Bainimarama overthrew the government. Addressing the media to explain his actions, he stated that the Reconciliation Bill had to be prevented as it would have "undermined the Constitution".[1] He later added that, if the SDL party returned to power, he would tolerate it only as long as it did not attempt to re-introduce the Bill. "If you do it, I'll remove you," he warned.[2] References 1.Jump up ^ "Commander RFMF - Public Declaration of Military Takeover", Fiji government website, 5 December 2006 2.Jump up ^ "On my terms: Bainimarama points way ahead", Fiji Times, 1 June 2008
19 hours ago
Draculas Cabaret See our very own Jessica Robbins aka Cyanide of "Bloodbath" in Melbourne on Channel 9's A Current Affair this week.
The Great Melbourne Migration | Draculas
www.draculas.com.au
Dracula's is Australia's longest running and most successful dinner theatre, with venues in Melbourne and the Gold Coast, Brisbane.
19 hours ago
Dracula's Cabaret Restaurant Melbourne See our very own Jessica Robbins aka Cyanide of "Bloodbath" in Melbourne on Channel 9's A Current Affair this week.
The Great Melbourne Migration | Draculas
www.draculas.com.au
Dracula's is Australia's longest running and most successful dinner theatre, with venues in Melbourne and the Gold Coast, Brisbane.
19 hours ago
C + O Graphic Design and Photography Services Watch channel 9 tomorrow 7pm a current affair I'll b on tv in relation to Adelaide's pop up weddings
20 hours ago
George Hervella
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TO JAW-JAW IS BETTER THAN TO WAR-WAR WITH CHINA By NESTOR MATA | April 24, 2014 THE current events in the Crimean Peninsula and Ukraine are being watched with great interest, and probably some trepidation, in China’s Beijing and in capitals of its Read more ...
Southeast Asian neighbors. And Asian thinkers, foreign policy experts and analysts wonder whether diplomacy, not the use of force, will stop the spiralling tensions in the South China Sea from becoming, as one global thinker put it, “Asia’s cauldron.” They say it is far from clear whether the Crimea issue will have influence in Southeast Asia in the context of competing territorial claims, but the Crimean and South China Sea issues have several elements in common. One of the most prominent is the complexity of managing and solving territorial disputes, especially when dealing with an evolving power. And another is that both cases stress the necessity but limited efficacy of diplomacy. “Confronted with a complex and contradictory China,” Sophie Boisseau du Rocher and Bruno Hellendorff of the Group for Research and Information on Peace and Security in Brussels, wrote in The Diplomat Magazine on current affairs in Asia-Pacific, “Southeast Asian countries may derive a sense of urgency from the developments in Crimea...” Noting the creeping assertiveness of China in pursuing its maritime claims, they perceived that China’s considerable maritime build-up has been accompanied by the merging of its maritime agencies into a unified Coast Guard unit, the publication of the South China Sea, and even the announcement of maps with a 9-dash line covering Chinese claims in the South China Sea, and even the announcement of an Air Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ) in the East China Sea, covering the disputed Senkuku/Diaoyu islands. All these high profile developments, they said, hinted that China is inclined to consider the threat and use of force as its preferred vehicle for influence in the South China Sea, and contributed to turning it into Asia’s cauldron. And so the crucial question now is whether the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (Asean) and its members can succeed in convincing China of the long-term benefits of diplomacy over force and fait accompli. Diplomacy is important, they said. It is the channel through which the different stakeholders can showcase and explain their diverging perceptions and interests, communicate, negotiate, and ultimately create a path to de-escalation and stabilization for future common benefit. But it also proves to be limited in that it is largely dependent on power configurations and functions under a series of conventions and norms that can either facilitate or constrain discussions. In the Crimean and South China Sea cases, Rocher and Hellendorf pointed out, diplomacy is largely, yet not exclusively, undertaken under the particular framework of one international institution (European Union (EU) or Asean engaging one great power (Russia or China). Facilitating discussions is the fact that in both situations, stakeholders are connected through a series of strong economic, political and institutional interests. The bad news, they said, is that these networks of interests look rather fragile when history becomes a self-asserted, and emotional argument. Moreover, internal divisions within both EU and Asean have the consequence of blurring the common vision that their members may seek to promote, weakening their negotiating position and constraining the options available to their diplomats. In both cases, the basic worry for the EU and Asean alike is to come up with compelling response to political and military resolve, with international law and negotiations offering little assistance. Indeed, before the recent events in Crimea and Ukraine, Asean’s diplomacy was considered adequate by most stakeholders. All claimant countries and their neighbors found an interest in pursuing dual-track negotiations with China, bilateral and multilateral, the latter stage mainly serving, via Asean, communication purposes. But now may be the time to consider adding more substance to the discussions, and more glue to the Southeast Asian claimants. Whether the events in the Crimean Peninsula provide lessons to Chinese and Asean diplomats is still unknown, but they have already made a Code of Conduct for the South China an urgent diplomatic initiative. Hopefully, diplomacy will open the door for resolution of the conflicting territorial claims of both China and its Asean neighbors, and de-escalate the spiralling tensions in the South China Sea. Success would showcase China’s “peaceful rise” as it would Asean’s diplomatic capacity. The efforts to create stability and security in the Asian region would also be welcome news to a heavily challenged international community. Yes, indeed, as an eminent statesman once said, “To jaw-jaw is always better than to war-war”! - See more at: http://www.malaya.com.ph/business-news/opinion/jaw-jaw-better-war-war-china#sthash.JgDnpeuS.dpuf
20 hours ago
Penny Gulliver TONIGHT 7pm A Current Affair Channel 9 Segment on Tips to deal with Robbery tonight . With Expert advive from Penny Gulliver www.self protectionconsultancy.com.au running inhouse workshops . Photos of interview done at my home. call 0411808451 to bo Read more ...
ok a workshop for your organisation
21 hours ago
Thakur Mishra coaching centre DAILY GK UPDATE - 23rd April 1. RBI for two-stage verification for online transactions i. Worried over rising number of frauds in online banking, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has suggested that banks introduce two-stage authentication to ensu Read more ...
re security of transactions. ii. The RBI report on ‘Enabling Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) in Payment System Applications’ said banks should also inform customers about risks associated with different types of online banking transaction. iii. Internet banking applications of all banks should mandatorily create authentication environment for password-based two-factor authentication as well as PKI-based system for authentication and transaction verification in online banking transaction,” the report said. iv. There are various PKI-enabled electronic payments systems introduced by the RBI such RTGS, NEFT, CBLO, Forex Clearing, Government Securities Clearing, and Cheque Truncation System (CTS). In volume terms, these systems contributed 25.1 per cent whereas these systems contributed 93.7 per cent share to the total payment transactions carried out in 2012-13 in value terms. v. “The objective of an effective payment system is to ensure a safe, secure, efficient, robust and sound payment system in the country. In order to secure electronic documents and transactions and to ensure legal compliance, digital technology is used,” it said. 2. RBI curbs banks from extending guarantees, ‘letters of comfort’ to overseas arms of firms i. The Reserve Bank of India on Tuesday imposed restrictions on non-fund based credit facilities — guarantees, stand-by letters of credit, letters of comfort, and so on — extended by banks to Indian companies’ overseas arms. ii. Further, the central bank disallowed repayment of rupee loans taken from the domestic banking system through external commercial borrowings (ECBs) extended by overseas branches/subsidiaries of Indian banks. iii. The overseas arms of India companies include joint ventures, wholly-owned subsidiaries, and wholly-owned step-down subsidiaries. The RBI directed banks, including their overseas branches/subsidiaries, not to issue non-fund based credit facilities on behalf of overseas arms of Indian companies for the purpose of raising loans/advances of any kind from other entities except in connection with the ordinary course of overseas business. Non-fund based credit This directive has been issued as the RBI has found that banks were extending non-fund based credit on behalf of Indian companies’ overseas arms for purposes which are not connected with their business. 3. A new book on Sachin Tendulkar i. Greater than Bradman: celebrating Sachin, the greatest batsman in Test history’, This is the title of a new book on cricket legend Sachin Tendulkar by Rudolph Lambert Fernandez, a Chennai-based author. ii. Tendulkar’s 41st birthday — his first after retirement — falls on April 24 and the author believes the book would present the Indian maestro as the greatest batsman of all time. iii. This book is a celebration of Sachin’s greatness and what he stood for on the cricket field. iv. It (the book) is an analysis. It is a first of its kind, forensic study that aims to set the record straight. The book uses illustrations from science, history and the martial arts to challenge the unanimous popular position. 4. Railways launches new mobile app to track train schedules i. Railways has launched a new mobile application which can be used for enquiries including train running status. ii. An official release issued in New Delhi said, the new mobile application will have various features including 'Spot your train' option where passengers can get information about current position, expected time of arrival and departure of a train at a particular station. iii. The 'Train Schedule' feature provides complete schedule of a train with all stoppages enroute and in Trains between Stations query, one can find out the list of all types of trains available between any two stations. iv. Besides, it also provides features for query on rescheduled, diverted and cancelled trains. The mobile App has been launched for Windows 8 phones and will be further developed for other mobile platforms. 5. DGCA allows in-flight use of mobiles, laptops on flight mode i. DGCA on Wednesday amended the rule which bans use of portable electronic devices (PEDs) and allowing their usage in all phases of flight but on a non -transmitting or flight mode. ii. Please put your mobile phones on the flight mode'. Now on, you may hear an airhostess announcing this before your flight takes off instead of asking you to switch it off!! iii. With the implementation of the new rule or Civil Aviation Requirement (CAR), flyers can now turn on their cellphones, tablets or laptops on 'flight mode' to work, play video games, listen to music, watch pre-loaded movies or type their emails. iv. The mails would, however, be sent only after the plane lands at an airport. v. Maintaining that this has been a long-pending demand of the airlines, aviation experts say it would give passengers more time to work or catch up on their chosen form of entertainment. vi. In particular, it would benefit those flying on no-frill carriers which provide no access to any in-flight entertainment. vii. The aviation regulator has also laid down training guidelines for the flight crew to handle the new facility being given to the air travellers. viii. The new rule also directs all airlines to report to the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) any suspected or confirmed PED interference or smoke or fire caused by them, the sources said. 6. India, Bhutan ink pact for hydropower JVs through PSUs of both countrie i. India and Bhutan have signed an agreement in Thimphu for further developing hydro power, strengthening bilateral relations and cementing strategic relations between the two countries. ii. The framework, Inter-Governmental Agreement between Bhutan and India concerning development of Joint Venture Hydropower Projects through the Public Sector Undertakings of the two Governments, was signed by the Secretary Ministry of Economic Affairs Bhutan , Mr. Sonam Tshering, Secretary Ministry of Power, Government of India Mr P.K. Sinha. iii. The Inter-Governmental agreement provides the framework for implementing four Hydro power projects totaling 2120 MW, on a Joint Venture-model between Public Sector Undertakings of the two countries. iv. At present three hydro-electric projects (HEPs) totaling 1416 Megawatt are already operational in Bhutan and are supplying electricity to India. Three more HEPs totalling 2940 MW , are under construction, and are scheduled to be commissioned by 2018. 7. Brazuca around the World launched by adidas on 2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil i. The adidas has started a weekly series of online documentary-style films titled Brazuca around the World to excite football fans as the 2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil gets closer. ii. The series of the film was launched by Adidas on its YouTube Channel on 22 April 2014. iii. The film has been shot via brazucam that involves six HD cameras, placed on the official ball of the 2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazil. Thebrazucam technology will allow its fan to enjoy a 360 degree view of the action. 8. Cadbury India changed its name to Mondelez India Foods Limited i. Cadbury India Limited announced to change its name to Mondelez India Foods Limited. Cadbury India Limited is a subsidiary of Mondelez International Inc. ii. The change in name of Cadbury is in line with the gradual changeover of the name of all subsidiaries of Mondelez International globally. Mondelez means monde for world and delez for delicious. iii. The new name of the company will appear on the back of pack of the products. iv. Mondelez International Inc. is a global snacking powerhouse with revenue of 35 billion US dollar. Mondelez is a member of the Standard and Poor’s 500, NASDAQ 100 and Dow Jones Sustainability Index. 9. Jaipur Literature Festival to go to London for a day i. For the first time, a day long event of the popular Jaipur Literature Festival will be organised in London as part of an annual festival of South Asian culture in the United Kingdom. ii. The organisers of JLF have partnered with renowned South Bank Centre for their festival of South Asian culture 'Alchemy' and will hold a day-long event on the lines of the annual literary festival held in Jaipur. iii. Alchemy, which will run from May 15-26, celebrates art and culture of countries of the Indian subcontinent and their relationship with the United Kingdom. iv. During the 10 day-long festival, the Jaipur Lit Fest is scheduled on May 18. v. "The Jaipur Literature Festival is one of the largest, greatest and most innovative literature festivals in the world and to welcome it to the Southbank Centre as part of Alchemy is a real privilege.” 10. Benfica won 33rd Portuguese league Football title after four years i. Benfica on 21 April 2014 won the 33rd Portuguese Football league title after four years. Benfica won the tittle by defeating the Olhanense by 2-0. Benfica won its first domestic title in 2009-10. ii. Benfica secured the title by winning 11 straight games in the league. Benfica's 11th successive league win gave them an unassailable seven-point lead over second-placed Sporting with two games to play. iii. Benfica also reached the final of the Portuguese Cup, and the semifinals of the Europa League and Portuguese League Cup. iv. Benfica and Porto have monopolized the league title since Sporting Lisbon last won it in 2001-02. About Benfica Benfica is a Portuguese multi-sport club based in Lisbon, Portugal. The club is mostly known for its professional football team. The club was founded on 28 February 1904. 11. Chitra Wins World Women's Senior snooker title i. Chitra Magimairaj showed tremendous grit and determination to pocket the Senior snooker title in her first appearance, in Leeds,UK, on Tuesday. ii. The Bangalore cueist won all her four matches without dropping a single set against accomplished snooker players from across 13 countries. iii. En route to her final clash with Alena Asmolava of Belarus, the 41-year-old also met compatriot Umadevi Nagraj in the semifinal match. iv. The former World Billiards champion Chitra has bagged three gold, three silver and three bronze medals in the WLBSA event so far. 12. Malinga is Sri Lanka's new T20 skipper i. Paceman Lasith Malinga, who led Sri Lanka to World Twenty20 title in Bangladesh, has been rewarded with the captaincy in the shortest format as struggling batsman Dinesh Chandimal got the axe on Wednesday. ii. Chandimal orginally was the captain of the side but Malinga had led the team in the final three games, including the summit clash, as stand-in-skipper in their successful campaign. iii. Chandimal, who at 23 became Sri Lanka's youngest captain in any format last year, has seen a dip in his batting form during the World T20. iv. Left-hand batsman Lahiru Thirimanna has been appointed as Malinga's deputy and will also be vice-captain in the Test and ODI team under skipper Angelo Mathews. v. The World T20 win became Sri Lanka's first major international title since they won the World Cup in 1996 under Arjuna Ranatunga. 13. India successfully test fires indigenous Akash missile i. India today test fired its Akash surface-to-air missile from a defence base in Odisha. ii. The indigenously developed missile, with a 27-km range and an effective ceiling of 15 km, was test fired from the Integrated Test Range of Chandipur in the coastal district of Balasore, 230 km from here. iii. The 700-kg all-weather missile can carry a 60-kg warhead at speeds of up to Mach 2.5. It can operate autonomously and simultaneously engage and neutralise different aerial targets. iv. Developed by DRDO, Akash is being produced by Bharat Dynamics Limited as the nodal production agency with the involvement of Bharat Electronics Limited and a large number of other industries.
23 hours ago
Jeffrey R Savoie https://homes.yahoo.com/news/remove-popcorn-ceiling-132819412.html How To: Remove a Popcorn Ceiling . Bob Vila By Bob Vila April 22, 2014 9:28 AM . . .. . . How to Remove Popcorn Ceiling how-to-remove-popcorn-c Read more ...
eiling For a significant chunk of the 20th century, from the 1950s through the '80s, the ceilings in many new homes—particularly in bedrooms—came with a rough, stippled texture that become known as a "popcorn" finish. People tout the sound-dampening properties of popcorn ceilings, but I think they really caught on for a pretty simple reason: They hide imperfections and made life a little easier for professional builders. One major drawback is that, because they don't reflect very much light, popcorn ceilings tend to eat up the light in a room. Another con is that many homeowners consider popcorn ceilings to be just plain ugly. Fortunately, it's easy to remove popcorn ceilings, and although it can be a very messy and labor-intensive affair, the transformative results can make the effort well worth it. MATERIALS AND TOOLS - Plastic sheeting - Masking tape - Dust mask - Protective goggles - Wide putty knife - Ladder - Garden sprayer - Metal file - Paint [inset] STEP 1 Before doing anything else, it's critically important that you get the popcorn tested by an EPA-certified laboratory. In homes built before 1982, asbestos was a main ingredient in spray-on ceiling textures. If yours turns out to contain asbestos, then I very strongly advise you to bring in trained professionals who are licensed to deal with hazardous materials. If, on the other hand, the test indicates that your ceiling has a paper-based popcorn treatment, you can handle its removal the do-it-yourself way. Because the process involves water, however, it's prudent to cut electrical power to the room where you're going to be working. How to Remove a Popcorn Ceiling - Detail detail STEP 2 There's no getting around it: To remove a popcorn ceiling, you've got to make a mess. By properly preparing the room beforehand, however, you can minimize the amount of cleanup required once the project is completed. After you have removed all furniture from the room, cover the floor—and the bottom 16 inches of each wall—with thick plastic sheeting. Secure that sheeting in place with masking tape. Upper walls too must be protected; do so by applying a strip of tape around the perimeter of the room, one quarter-inch below the ceiling. Then fasten plastic sheeting to that initial strip by means of an additional tape layer. Bear in mind that ceiling fixtures may hinder progress, so if there's a ceiling fan, medallion molding, or hanging light fixture in the room, you may wish to take it down at this early stage. STEP 3 Divide the ceiling into four-foot-square sections. Next, using the garden sprayer, thoroughly moisten the initial section, letting the water soak in for 10 or 15 minutes. After enough time has elapsed, position the ladder under the moistened section, put on your dust mask and protective goggles, then climb up. Holding a putty knife at a 30-degree angle to the ceiling, commence scraping the popcorn away. The method is to spray, wait, and then scrape. In this manner, work your way around the room, one section at a time. STEP 4 Continue until you have removed the popcorn ceiling to reveal the drywall surface beneath. Given that you've put so much work into preparing the room, fastidiously covering the walls and floor with plastic sheeting, now would be an opportune moment to prime and paint the ceiling. If you decide to go this route, wait until the final coat has dried before removing the sheeting. But whatever you decide, don't forget to reinstall ceiling fixtures and restore power to the room. In the newly popcorn-free space, you should notice that everything seems a lot brighter. Isn't that so? Enjoy it! Related Articles New Article Bob Vila's 5 "Must Do" May Projects How To: Build a Brick Patio .. . . 44 Comments . Sign in to post a comment . Popular Now Newest Oldest Most Replied . . Mark 3 hours ago 0 8 Most ceilings of this type were put on after only a single "mud" coat ... easier (and cheaper for the builder) than taping and 3 mud coats (and the sanding inbetween). So the odds are the you'll need to mud, sand, mud, sand after you get the popcorn off. I would suggest removing the popcorn yourself, then hiring a drywall guy to apply the additional mud and do the additional sanding. Or, you could hire the drywall guy to apply a knock-down texture after you've removed the popcorn. . Expand Replies (1) Reply . . . James 34 minutes ago 0 1 had my popcorn ceiling removed last summer and a smooth ceiling applied, NO WATER USED AND NO MESS. knock down knife, huge vacuum cleaner to suck up the texture and with a sanding tool applied the vacuum sucked up the dust as the ceiling was sanded. no knicks in the sheet rock and a perfectly flat finished ceiling. I have argued with others that no water is necessary but even having had it done in my house at my cost and my witnessing the process I am still called a liar or at least someone who did not see what was going on. so, I await responses to my post. it will be interesting to read how I will probably be viewed as someone who doesn't know what he is writing about. that's okay. no mess was made in my house and that is all that counts. . Reply . . . Trainer 3 hours ago 1 3 Use a pressure sprayer...the kind of sprayer you buy to wash your car at home. Don't do 4 foot sections...soak the ENTIRE ceiling in the room for a few minutes, then walk away for about 15 minutes. When you come back, take a ladder and wide scraping tool and simply scrape the popcorn material off. It's very simple. I did this in my current home and made a video of it. Go to YouTube, search for pioxen and open the channel page. Then see the videos Acoustic Ceiling Removal Part 1 and Acoustic Ceiling Removal Part 2. . Expand Replies (2) Reply . . . Anthony 3 hours ago 0 8 What about the potential need to achieve a smooth uniform drywall surface? The article itself mentions that popcorn was used to hide imperfections. I've removed popcorn from two houses. One was easy - the other required extensive mudding and sanding. More . Expand Replies (2) Reply . . . Yeah I got 'em on my team 2 hours ago 0 6 Another alternative is to just lay 1/2 inch drywall over it. I hired a guy to do it for me, it was $600 with materials for two rooms. I had to paint, but no mess and it was done in a day. More . Expand Replies (1) Reply . . . B C 2 hours ago 0 6 If the drywall behind the popcorn is a mess, now you've got another problem to deal with. More . Expand Replies (1) Reply . . . Tom 2 hours ago 0 5 Just remember, the reason the popcorn was installed to begin with, was to cover over mistakes and imperfections the builder was trying to hide. More . Collapse Replies (1) Reply . . . Seapath 1 hour ago 0 1 That is not always true. A popcorn ceiling cannot hide problems only small imperfections. More . . Alex 2 hours ago 3 7 The simplest way to deal with it is to just put up another layer of sheetrock up. If there is asbestos in the texture finish then it'll be encapsulated and not an issue (asbestos is only an issue if you mess with it and create dust). I would rather rent a sheetrock lift for a few hours than spend the time protecting everything you don't want to be damaged with plastic, soaking the ceiling, and then spending hours scraping it only to find that you now need to retape and mud all the sheetrock because it wasn't done right because the popcorn was going to hide it. More . Expand Replies (1) Reply . . . D 1 hour ago 0 3 The easiest way to deal with it is to spray a fresh coat of paint on it so it is white and bright. I can't remember the last time I walked into someones house and said oh my god you have pop corn ceilings! LOL
How To: Remove a Popcorn Ceiling
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For a significant chunk of the 20th century, from the 1950s through the '80s, the ceilings in many new homes—particul...
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Celeste Ogilvy Watch channel 9 7 pm tomorrow a current affair I'll b on the tv about weddings and couples
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Mitcan GK Power Capsule – Current Affairs March 2014 (The Hindu Review) 1. Abdullah, the king of Saudi Arabia appointed his half-brother Moqren as the next heir to the throne. 2. Sunil Gavaskar was appointed as the interim president of the Board of Con Read more ...
trol for Cricket in India (BCCI) by the Supreme Court. Sunil Gavaskar replaced the present BCCI chief N Srinivasan. 3. Jens Stoltenberg was appointed as the Secretary General of North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO). He will replace the incumbent Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen. 4. General Sedki Sobhi was sworn-in as the new Defence Minister and Army Chief of Egypt. 5. Rajiv Takru was appointed as the Revenue Secretary. He will succeed Sumit Bose. 6. Rakesh Sethi was appointed as CMD of Allahabad Bank. 7. Sheila Dikshit, the former chief minister of Delhi was appointed as the 22nd Governor of Kerala. She will succeed Nikhil Kumar. 8. Indian-origin Gopal Rao won UK Twitter Prize. 9. Japanese architect Shigeru Ban won the Pritzker Architecture Prize 2014. 10. Govind Mishra, the renowned Hindi author will receive Sarawasti Samman for the year 2013 for his book Dhool Paudho Par published in 2008. 11. The 86th Annual Academy Oscar Awards 2014 - The best picture award was won by 12 Years A Slave of Steve McQueen. Best Actor – Matthew McConaughey (Film-Dallas Buyers Club), Best Actress - Cate Blanchett (Film - Blue Jasmine), Best Director - Alfonso Cuaron (Film – Gravity). 12. Physicist Rajesh Gopakumar was selected for G D Birla Award for scientific research for the year 2013. 13. The new Corporate Responsibility Regulations notified recently was not applicable to the State Bank of India, but it would comply voluntarily as SBI was created under SBI Act. 14. Indian journalist Shubranshu Choudhary won Google digital activism award for regional news service. 15. Tomas Halik, the Czech priest won the Templeton Prize for 2014. 16. President Pranab Mukherjee presented the President's Standard and Colours Award to 112 Helicopter Unit and President's Colour to 4 Base Repair Depot (BRD). 17. Indian writer Pankaj Mishra won Windham Campbell Literature Prize 2014 in non-fiction category. 18. US honoured Laxmi, an acid attack victim with the prestigious International Women of Courage Award. 19. Chandi Prasad Bhatt, the noted Gandhian environmentalist and social activist won the Gandhi Peace Prize for the year 2013. Bhatt was one of the pioneers of the Chipko movement. 20. Actor Arjun Kapoor was named as the brand ambassador of the Earth hour 2014. Earth hour is an initiative under which citizens are advised to switch off all electricity for an hour. It is organized by the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF). 21. Grand jury of US indicted Indian diplomat Devyani Khobragade, the person accused for visa fraud and for under paying her housekeeper. Earlier, the virtually identical charges against Devyani were dropped by a court on the ground that she enjoyed diplomatic immunity. 22. Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi, the Army Chief of Egypt resigned to contest in Presidential election. 23. Dr KC Chakrabarty, the Deputy Governor of the Reserve Bank of India resigned. Earlier, Anand Sinha retired from the position of Deputy Governor of RBI. 24. GK Pillai resigned as Chairman of MCX-SX on 14 March 2014. Consequently, current Vice Chairman and former LIC Chairman, Thomas Mathew T was elected as new Chairman. 25. Nandan Nilekani resigned as chairman of the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI). He joined the Congress Party to contest Lok Sabha Polls from the Bangalore South constituency. 26. Chief Financial Officer (CFO) of Apple Inc Peter Oppenheimer announced his retirement. 27. Veteran film actress of Hindi and Marathi films, Nanda died. 28. Khushwant Singh, the renowned author and journalist died. 29. Ahmad Tejan Kabbah, the former President and leader of Sierra Leone died. 30. South China Sea-Malaysia Airlines flight MH370 disappeared in the South China Sea. 31. Union Ministry of Minority Affairs launched Nalanda Project for Minorities Higher Educational Institutions. 32. Union Ministry of Minority Affairs launched a new initiative Maulana Azad Sehat Scheme for the welfare of minorities. 33. India was ranked fourth in a Microsoft report in the list of the countries sending out spam e-mails. India has followed three nations namely USA, China, UK. 34. India’s import of weapon systems is three times more than Pakistan and China. The report published by as Swedish Think Tank, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) has claimed that India continues to be the largest buyer of arms in the world. 35. Mumbai was the least expensive major city for expatriates among the major cities of the world. This was revealed in a report released by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU). After Mumbai, Karachi and New Delhi are the least expensive city in the world. Singapore was ranked as the most expensive city. 36. The Third Nuclear Security Summit was held in The Hague, Netherlands from 24 to 25 March 2014. 37. A non-profit group Vandana Foundation launched AQUATM in Mumbai. The AQUATM is a water vending machine from which water can be purchased. 38. A multi-pronged National campaign on Dengue, U & Me Against Dengue, was launched to eradicate dengue across six Indian cities with public private partnership. 39. Union Defence Ministry ordered a CBI investigation into the purchase of jet fighter engines from Britain’s Rolls-Royce that worth 10000 crore rupees. 40. Indian Navy successfully completed Theatre Level Operational Readiness Exercise (TROPEX), one of its largest war drills spread over Indian Ocean, Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal region. 41. India and Nepal started a joint military exercise at Saljhandi in Rupandehi district of Nepal. The two week exercise named Ex-Surya Kiran Drills VI. 42. Third BIMSTEC (Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation) Summit was held from 1 March to 4 March 2014 in Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar. Indian Prime Minster visited Myanmar. 43. Sumith Nakandala was appointed as the first Secretary General of BIMSTEC. 44. The Union Cabinet gave its approval for the setting up of 54 Kendriya Vidyalayas, four National Institutes of Design (NIDs), and 3,500 model schools at the block level in Educationally Backward Blocks (EBBs). The proposal to set up new KVs during the 12th Five Year Plan period. 45. Various Central agencies cleared seven major National Highway projects, including the Delhi-Meerut Expressway, pertaining mostly to Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Haryana and Punjab and Rajasthan. 47. The Centre assailed the January 21 Supreme Court verdict commuting the death sentence of 15 convicts to life term, saying the President’s decision in disposing of a mercy petition was beyond judicial review. 48. With a view to promoting affordable and effective generic drugs, the Centre has asked the States to provide space in government hospitals for their sale so that more Jan Aushadhi Stores could be opened. 49. President Pranab Mukherjee gave his assent to the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Bill, 2014 that would pave way for the creation of the State of Telangana, and approved the Cabinet’s recommendation to impose Central rule in the State. 50. Russia’s Parliament has approved the use of armed force in Ukraine, even as the West warned Moscow not to intervene in the troubled post-Soviet state. 51. Lieutenant-Governor Najeeb Jung approved a proposal to bring back trams in Chandni Chowk area. 52. Justice G. Rohini is set to become the first woman Chief Justice of the Delhi High Court. 53. Two fund houses of SBI and Axis have filed papers with the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) to start mutual fund schemes linked to inflation-indexed bonds. 54. Former Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) Chairman J. S. Sarma, an advocate of telecom sector reforms, has passed away. 55. The Union government has raised by 10 to 20 basis points the interest rates on select fixed deposit schemes offered by post offices. The rate hike will come into effect from April 1, 2014. The rate hike decision is in line with the recommendations of the Shyamala Gopinath Committee. 56. With the provisional exclusion of the Indian Boxing Federation (IBF), the International Boxing Association (AIBA) has suggested that a new national federation be floated to revive the country’s relations with the international boxing community. The AIBA, which suspended the IBF on December 6, 2012 due to alleged irregularities in its elections held that year. 57. RBI decided to allow foreign inward remittances received under money transfer service scheme (MTSS) directly into the bank account of the beneficiary through electronic modes such as national electronic funds transfer (NEFT) and immediate payment service (IMPS). 58. The elections for the 16th Lok Sabha, along with the Assembly polls in Andhra Pradesh, Odisha and Sikkim, will be held on nine different dates. The first date is April 7 and the last is May 12. Counting of votes will be held on May 16. Chief Election Commissioner V.S. Sampath, accompanied by Election Commissioners H.S. Brahma and S.N.A. Zaidi, said Bihar and Uttar Pradesh would have the maximum of six polling dates each. 59. The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) has urged the Uttar Pradesh government to take immediate action to end the strike by government doctors which has resulted in "violation of people’s right to health and life.” 60. India’s current account deficit (CAD) narrowed sharply to $4.2 billion (0.9 per cent of gross domestic product (GDP)) in the third quarter of the current financial year. 61. Telecom subscribers across the country can now register complaints by dialling a special toll free number 1063. 62. At Graphic Era University in Dehradun as Arvind Mishra, a young assistant professor of Mechanical Engineering, broke the Guinness record of 121 hours in the non-stop lecturing category. 63. For the first time candidates will have the option of e-filing their affidavits in the coming Lok Sabha and Assembly polls. The mandatory affidavits (Form 26), to be submitted at the time of filing nomination papers, include information on the candidate’s assets (movable and immovable property), property and accounts abroad, liabilities, educational qualifications and criminal antecedents, if any, and the name of the spouse and dependents. 64. Bharatiya Mahila Bank (BMB) will celebrate International Women's Day by organising financial literacy camps for women. All the 12 branches of the bank will organise financial literacy camps on March 8. 65. China announced its biggest hike in military spending in three years, with its defence budget set to cross $130 billion in the coming year. 66. Tata Motors said it had tied up with Bharatiya Mahila Bank to provide retail finance to its passenger vehicle customers. 67. Bihar is India’s fastest growing State with its Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) growing at 15.05 per cent during 2012-13. According to the CSO data, Gujarat grew at 7.96 per cent, ranked sixth, behind Bihar, Madhya Pradesh (9.89 per cent), Goa (8.47 per cent), Kerala (8.24 per cent) and Odisha (8.09 per cent). The all-India economic growth in 2012-13 was 4.47 per cent. 68. A high-power committee under the Financial Stability and Development Council (FSDC) has been set up to find ways for the banking sector to comply with Basel-III capital norms. The decision was taken at a sub-committee meeting of FSDC chaired by Reserve Bank of India (RBI) Governor Raghuram Rajan. 69. Myanmar received the award of World’s Best Tourist Destination for 2014 by the European Union Council on Tourism and Trade. 70. To expedite proceedings against sitting MPs and MLAs in criminal cases, the Supreme Court asked lower courts to complete trial within a year of framing of charges. 71. Two Russian cosmonauts and an American astronaut landed back on Earth in Kazakhstan after a stay of more than half a year aboard the International Space Station (ISS). 72. China said it would allow, for the first time, the setting up of five private banks on a trial basis. 73. Bharatiya Mahila Bank Limited, the first women’s bank and a wholly-owned government institution, proposes to open 55 more branches in Tier 4, Tier-5 and Tier-6 cities in 2014-15. 74. Gold and silver imports declined by 71.4 per cent to $1.63 billion in February mainly due to restrictions imposed by the government. 75. The Supreme Court declined to review its January 21 verdict, commuting the death sentence of 15 convicts to life term because of inordinate delay on the part of the President in disposing of their mercy petitions. 76. Rakesh Sethi took over as Chairman and Managing Director of Allahabad Bank. 77. The U.S. financial regulator warned consumers that using the online currency Bitcoin was fraught with risks, including theft by hacking and fraud. 78. The Director General of Civil Aviation has come out with new detailed guidelines for the physically challenged travelling by air, making it clear that no airline can refuse to fly them. 79. India and Bangladesh are keen to increase business relations by setting up inland waterways for hassle-free movement of cargo. 80. Singapore’s central bank said it would regulate ‘intermediaries’ for the Bitcoin virtual currency to prevent them from being used for money laundering and terrorist financing. 81. India’s foreign exchange reserves jumped by $1.088 billion to touch $295.45 billion during the week ended March 7, 2014. 82. Crimea declared independence from Ukraine and applied to rejoin Russia. Nearly 97 percent of voters said “yes” to revert to Russia. 83. Designed and built using a $777,000 grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the self-contained, waterless toilet with its innovative technology converts human waste to biochar, a highly porous charcoal. It aims to provide an eco-friendly solution to help some of the 2.5 billion people around the world lacking safe sanitation. 84. Facebook chief Mark Zuckerberg said he had called President Barack Obama to complain that the U.S. government is undermining confidence in the Internet with vast, secret surveillance programmes. 85. Wholesale Price Index Inflation slipped to a nine-month low of 4.68 per cent in February. 86. Goldman Sachs Asset Management (India) has announced the launch of CPSE-ETF (Central Public Sector Enterprise Exchange Traded Fund) new fund offer, which tracks the central public sector enterprises (CPSE) index. Through this fund, investors can invest in Maharatnas, Navratnas and Miniratnas companies. 87. The Andhra Pradesh State government has in principle decided for the Rs. 1,000-crore Missile Test Launch Facility project proposed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) in Nagayalanka mandal of Krishna district. 88. For the first time, a large section of the still classified Henderson Brooks Report, which details a comprehensive operational review of India’s military debacle in India China war 1962, has been made public. 89. El Salvador’s election officials declared Sanchez Ceren the winner in presidential election. 90. Ludhiana and Kanpur are among the 10 most polluted cities in the world, says the World Health Organisation. Ludhiana made it to the fourth position along with Quetta in Pakistan. Kanpur made it to the ninth position. The most polluted city in the world is Ahvaz in Iran. 91. The Election Commission has directed content managers of social networking sites to make sure that candidates do not post anything violative of the model code of conduct. The guidelines will be applicable to a range of Internet-based social media including Twitter, YouTube, Facebook and Wikipedia. 92. The All India Bank Employees’ Association has sought the immediate intervention of Chief Election Commissioner V.S. Sampath to disqualify top loan defaulters from entering the poll fray. 93. The Home Ministry has taken action against about 19,000 non-government organisations which did not file returns within the stipulated time period. 94. Reserve Bank of India has warned all domestic banks to take steps before Microsoft ends its Windows XP software support from April 8, 2014. 95. A city court directed Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Jayalalithaa and her close aide N. Sasikala to appear before it on April 3 to face trial in cases pertaining to alleged failure to file Income Tax returns. 96. The Central Government will sell 4.2 crore shares or 9 per cent stake in Axis Bank. The government holds about 20.72 per cent of the shares of the third largest Indian private sector bank through the Specified Undertaking of UTI (Unit trust of India). 97. The EU welcomed Ukraine into the Western fold, signing the political provisions of a landmark accord. European Union leaders agreed sanctions against top Russian politicians and stepped up efforts to cut the bloc’s debilitating energy dependence on Russia. 98. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) Governor Raghuram Rajan said that the central bank was yet to take a decision on Urjit Patel committee report which had suggested an inflation target and was still in discussion with the government on the subject. 99. British retail major Tesco announced that it was forming an equal joint venture with Trent Ltd., a part of the Tata Group, by picking up 50 per cent stake in Trent Hypermarket Ltd (THL) for about Rs.850 crore. 100. North Korea test-fired 30 short-range missiles into the sea. The missiles are estimated to have flown about 60 km. 102. ‘Book your own coach’ – is the latest initiative rolled out by the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) for the benefit of foreign travellers, tourists and students. 103. The Bharatiya Mahila Bank (BMB) will open three more branches in three capital cities of the northeastern States - Agartala (Tripura), Shillong (Meghalaya) and Itanagar (Arunachal Pradesh). 104. Prime Minister Muhammed Nawaz Sharif said that Pakistan had postponed giving India the Most Favoured Nation (MFN) status. 105. The Election Commission of India (ECI) has clarified that poll campaign-related news appearing in newspapers and channels owned by political parties will fall under the purview of paid news. 106. Bank of India launched IMT (Instant Money Transfer), which allows cardless cash withdrawal at its IMT-enabled ATMs, a first-of-its-kind initiative by any public sector bank. The facility can be initiated by the bank’s customer over bank’s ATM and retail Internet banking. The sender initiates IMT by providing receiver’s mobile number, four digits sender code and the IMT amount. Monthly withdrawal limit prescribed for IMT transaction is Rs.25,000 for receiver, and per transaction limit of Rs.10,000. IMT, once issued, is valid for 14 days. 107. The Election Commission (EC) has directed the government to defer notification of the order on gas price hike till the end of the general election in the third week of May. 108. After having launched its first ATM a year ago, Tata Communications Payment Solutions Limited (TCPSL) which is the first non-banking firm to launch its ATM network or white label ATMs said it plans to roll out 15,000 ATMs across India by June 2016. 109. The G8 group of top economic powers have suspended Russia for annexing Crimea, and has threatened to impose far-reaching sanctions if Moscow continued its incursion into Ukraine. The U.S. and six other economic powers also scrapped the G8 summit to be hosted by Russia in Sochi in June. 110. More than a year after the shocking Delhi gang rape, the Indian Ordinance factory launched a light-weight revolver, “Nirbheek,” designed especially for women to defend themselves from assault. 111. Shigeru Ban, Japanese architect known for his creative and inexpensive designs for disaster relief shelters, has won the 2014 Pritzker Architecture Prize. 112. The death sentence passed by an Egyptian court against 529 supporters of ousted Egyptian President Mohamed Morsy has triggered an outcry among a wide cross section of the legal community. 113. The Reserve Bank of India simplified foreign portfolio investment norms. The portfolio investor registered in accordance with the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) guidelines shall be called Registered Foreign Portfolio Investor (RFPI). The existing portfolio investor class, namely, Foreign Institutional Investor (FII) and Qualified Foreign Investor (QFI) registered with SEBI shall be subsumed under RFPI. 114. Creating a new Guinness world record, over two-and-half lakh Bangladeshis performed a chorus of their national anthem at the national parade ground to mark the country’s 43rd Independence Day. 115. European Union member states decided to ban the import of five types of fruits and vegetables from India. 116. The U.N. Human Rights Council launched an inquiry into alleged war crimes in Sri Lanka, despite Colombo’s fierce efforts to block an investigation. In a 23-12 vote, the council backed a Western-sponsored resolution to investigate into alleged serious violations and abuses of human rights. India, for the first time, abstained from voting. 117. The discovery of two more mounds in January at the Harappan site of Rakhigarhi in Hisar district, Haryana, has led to archaeologists establishing it as the biggest Harappan civilisation site. 118. Supreme Court directed all the States to abolish manual scavenging and take steps for rehabilitation of such workers. 119. The World Health Organisation (WHO) South-East Asia Region, home to a quarter of the world’s population, was certified polio-free by an independent commission under the WHO certification process. 120. Russian mathematician Yakov Grigorevich Sinai, one of the most influential mathematicians of the 20th Century, has been chosen for the 2014 Abel Prize by the Norwegian Academy of Science Letters. 121. The U.N. General Assembly adopted a Western-backed resolution declaring Crimea’s referendum illegitimate and refusing to recognise Russia’s annexation of the peninsula. The non-binding resolution was passed in the 193-member body, with 100 votes in favour and 11 against. 122. Outgoing Finance Minister P. Chidambaram has threatened action by India against Switzerland at global forums such as G20 for its persistent denial to share information on Indians stashing money in its banks. Indian tax authorities have sought information on Indians with accounts in Swiss banks under the Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement (DTAA). 123. Srei Infrastructure Finance is planning to start roll-out of its while label ATMs (WLAs) between July and September starting with a pilot of 200 Tier-III towns in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. 124. The Reserve Bank of India extended the transitional period for banks to complete the full implementation of Basel-III capital regulations up to March 31, 2019, instead of March 31, 2018. 125. Government has set up a Tax Administration Reform Commission comprising officials from public and private sector agencies. Parthasarathi Shome is the chairman this Commission. 126. The Competition Commission of India (CCI) imposed a penalty of Rs 1 crore on Google for failing to provide information related to an investigation into its alleged unfair trade practices in India. 127. Tata Group and Singapore Airlines received the mandatory security clearance. While both partners will initially invest $100 million, Tata Sons will be the majority partner with 51% stake. SIA will hold 49%. 128. Indian exports will fall short of the USD 325 billion target envisaged in the current fiscal. For the April-February period, the country's merchandise exports were up 4.79 per cent to USD 282.7 billion. Imports during the 11-month period fell 8.65 per cent to USD 410.86 billion. The trade deficit during this period was USD 128 billion. 129. The Supreme Court restrained the Centre and the Unique Identification Authority of India from sharing the vast biometric database of Aadhaar cards with any third party or agency without the consent of the registered person. It also ruled that people cannot be denied any service or benefit for not having an Aadhaar card. 130. Consumer Price Index Inflation declined to 8.1 per cent. 131. Foreign direct investment (FDI) into the services sector declined by about 60 per cent to USD 1.59 billion in the first nine months of this financial year. 132. The Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion had proposed relaxation of FDI norms in the construction sector and 100 per cent FDI in the railway sector. 133. India and the United States have decided to enhance cooperation for automatic exchange of information on tax evasion and detection of financial crimes, shoring up efforts to crackdown on black money cases involving economic channels of the two countries. 134. China has emerged India’s biggest trading partner in the current fiscal replacing the UAE. 135. Kotak Mahindra Bank announced the launch of Jifi, a first-of-its-kind fully integrated social bank account that transcends normal digital banking by seamlessly incorporating social networking platforms like Twitter and Facebook with mainstream banking. 136. Country's largest lender the State Bank of India (SBI) will sell bad loans amounting to Rs 3,000 crore in the last quarter of the ongoing fiscal to the Asset Reconstruction Companies. 137. RBI has decided to withdraw the pre-2005 currency notes from circulation and asked the holders of such currency to exchange them by January 1, 2015. The earlier deadline was June 30. Thereafter, people would have had to produce identity proof to exchange more than 10 notes of Rs 500 and Rs 1,000. Meanwhile, banks have been advised to stop re-issue of the pre-2005 series notes over the counters/through ATMs. 138. Central Bank of India has sold its entire stake in credit information provider CIBIL to Transunion International Inc. Central Bank had a 5 per cent stake in CIBIL while Transunion is the majority shareholder in CIBIL at 27.5 per cent.
1 day ago
Rupak Ghosal
Timeline Photos
DAILY GK UPDATE - 23rd April :- 1. RBI for two-stage verification for online transactions i. Worried over rising number of frauds in online banking, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has suggested that banks introduce two-stage authentication to ensu Read more ...
re security of transactions. ii. The RBI report on ‘Enabling Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) in Payment System Applications’ said banks should also inform customers about risks associated with different types of online banking transaction. iii. Internet banking applications of all banks should mandatorily create authentication environment for password- based two-factor authentication as well as PKI-based system for authentication and transaction verification in online banking transaction,” the report said. iv. There are various PKI- enabled electronic payments systems introduced by the RBI such RTGS, NEFT, CBLO, Forex Clearing, Government Securities Clearing, and Cheque Truncation System (CTS). In volume terms, these systems contributed 25.1 per cent whereas these systems contributed 93.7 per cent share to the total payment transactions carried out in 2012-13 in value terms. v. “ The objective of an effective payment system is to ensure a safe, secure, efficient, robust and sound payment system in the country. In order to secure electronic documents and transactions and to ensure legal compliance, digital technology is used,” it said. 2. RBI curbs banks from extending guarantees, ‘letters of comfort’ to overseas arms of firms i. The Reserve Bank of India on Tuesday imposed restrictions on non-fund based credit facilities — guarantees, stand- by letters of credit, letters of comfort, and so on — extended by banks to Indian companies’ overseas arms. ii . Further, the central bank disallowed repayment of rupee loans taken from the domestic banking system through external commercial borrowings (ECBs) extended by overseas branches/subsidiaries of Indian banks. iii. The overseas arms of India companies include joint ventures, wholly-owned subsidiaries, and wholly-owned step-down subsidiaries. The RBI directed banks, including their overseas branches/ subsidiaries, not to issue non- fund based credit facilities on behalf of overseas arms of Indian companies for the purpose of raising loans/ advances of any kind from other entities except in connection with the ordinary course of overseas business. Non-fund based credit This directive has been issued as the RBI has found that banks were extending non-fund based credit on behalf of Indian companies’ overseas arms for purposes which are not connected with their business. 3. A new book on Sachin Tendulkar i. Greater than Bradman: celebrating Sachin, the greatest batsman in Test history’, This is the title of a new book on cricket legend Sachin Tendulkar by Rudolph Lambert Fernandez, a Chennai-based author. ii. Tendulkar’s 41st birthday — his first after retirement — falls on April 24 and the author believes the book would present the Indian maestro as the greatest batsman of all time. iii. This book is a celebration of Sachin’s greatness and what he stood for on the cricket field. iv. It (the book) is an analysis. It is a first of its kind, forensic study that aims to set the record straight. The book uses illustrations from science, history and the martial arts to challenge the unanimous popular position. 4. Railways launches new mobile app to track train schedules i. Railways has launched a new mobile application which can be used for enquiries including train running status. ii. An official release issued in New Delhi said, the new mobile application will have various features including 'Spot your train' option where passengers can get information about current position, expected time of arrival and departure of a train at a particular station. iii. The 'Train Schedule' feature provides complete schedule of a train with all stoppages enroute and in Trains between Stations query, one can find out the list of all types of trains available between any two stations. iv. Besides, it also provides features for query on rescheduled, diverted and cancelled trains. The mobile App has been launched for Windows 8 phones and will be further developed for other mobile platforms. 5. DGCA allows in-flight use of mobiles, laptops on flight mode i. DGCA on Wednesday amended the rule which bans use of portable electronic devices (PEDs) and allowing their usage in all phases of flight but on a non -transmitting or flight mode. ii. Please put your mobile phones on the flight mode'. Now on, you may hear an airhostess announcing this before your flight takes off instead of asking you to switch it off!! iii. With the implementation of the new rule or Civil Aviation Requirement (CAR), flyers can now turn on their cellphones, tablets or laptops on 'flight mode' to work, play video games, listen to music, watch pre-loaded movies or type their emails. iv. The mails would, however, be sent only after the plane lands at an airport. v. Maintaining that this has been a long-pending demand of the airlines, aviation experts say it would give passengers more time to work or catch up on their chosen form of entertainment. vi. In particular, it would benefit those flying on no-frill carriers which provide no access to any in-flight entertainment. vii. The aviation regulator has also laid down training guidelines for the flight crew to handle the new facility being given to the air travellers. viii. The new rule also directs all airlines to report to the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) any suspected or confirmed PED interference or smoke or fire caused by them, the sources said. 6. India, Bhutan ink pact for hydropower JVs through PSUs of both countries. i. India and Bhutan have signed an agreement in Thimphu for further developing hydro power, strengthening bilateral relations and cementing strategic relations between the two countries. ii. The framework, Inter- Governmental Agreement between Bhutan and India concerning development of Joint Venture Hydropower Projects through the Public Sector Undertakings of the two Governments, was signed by the Secretary Ministry of Economic Affairs Bhutan , Mr. Sonam Tshering, Secretary Ministry of Power, Government of India Mr P.K. Sinha. iii. The Inter-Governmental agreement provides the framework for implementing four Hydro power projects totaling 2120 MW, on a Joint Venture-model between Public Sector Undertakings of the two countries. iv. At present three hydro- electric projects (HEPs) totaling 1416 Megawatt are already operational in Bhutan and are supplying electricity to India. Three more HEPs totalling 2940 MW , are under construction, and are scheduled to be commissioned by 2018. 7. Brazuca around the World launched by adidas on 2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil i. The adidas has started a weekly series of online documentary-style films titled Brazuca around the World to excite football fans as the 2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil gets closer. ii. The series of the film was launched by Adidas on its YouTube Channel on 22 April 2014. iii. The film has been shot via brazucam that involves six HD cameras, placed on the official ball of the 2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazil. Thebrazucam technology will allow its fan to enjoy a 360 degree view of the action. 8. Cadbury India changed its name to Mondelez India Foods Limited i. Cadbury India Limited announced to change its name to Mondelez India Foods Limited. Cadbury India Limited is a subsidiary of Mondelez International Inc. ii . The change in name of Cadbury is in line with the gradual changeover of the name of all subsidiaries of Mondelez International globally. Mondelez means monde for world and delez for delicious. iii. The new name of the company will appear on the back of pack of the products. iv. Mondelez International Inc. is a global snacking powerhouse with revenue of 35 billion US dollar. Mondelez is a member of the Standard and Poor’s 500, NASDAQ 100 and Dow Jones Sustainability Index. 9. Jaipur Literature Festival to go to London for a day i. For the first time, a day long event of the popular Jaipur Literature Festival will be organised in London as part of an annual festival of South Asian culture in the United Kingdom. ii. The organisers of JLF have partnered with renowned South Bank Centre for their festival of South Asian culture 'Alchemy' and will hold a day-long event on the lines of the annual literary festival held in Jaipur. iii. Alchemy, which will run from May 15-26, celebrates art and culture of countries of the Indian subcontinent and their relationship with the United Kingdom. iv. During the 10 day-long festival, the Jaipur Lit Fest is scheduled on May 18. v. "The Jaipur Literature Festival is one of the largest, greatest and most innovative literature festivals in the world and to welcome it to the Southbank Centre as part of Alchemy is a real privilege.” 10. Benfica won 33rd Portuguese league Football title after four years i. Benfica on 21 April 2014 won the 33rd Portuguese Football league title after four years. Benfica won the tittle by defeating the Olhanense by 2-0. Benfica won its first domestic title in 2009-10. ii. Benfica secured the title by winning 11 straight games in the league. Benfica's 11th successive league win gave them an unassailable seven- point lead over second-placed Sporting with two games to play. iii. Benfica also reached the final of the Portuguese Cup, and the semifinals of the Europa League and Portuguese League Cup. iv. Benfica and Porto have monopolized the league title since Sporting Lisbon last won it in 2001-02. About Benfica : Benfica is a Portuguese multi- sport club based in Lisbon, Portugal. The club is mostly known for its professional football team. The club was founded on 28 February 1904. 11. Chitra Wins World Women's Senior snooker title i. Chitra Magimairaj showed tremendous grit and determination to pocket the Senior snooker title in her first appearance, in Leeds,UK, on Tuesday . ii. The Bangalore cueist won all her four matches without dropping a single set against accomplished snooker players from across 13 countries. iii. En route to her final clash with Alena Asmolava of Belarus, the 41-year-old also met compatriot Umadevi Nagraj in the semifinal match. iv. The former World Billiards champion Chitra has bagged three gold, three silver and three bronze medals in the WLBSA event so far. 12. Malinga is Sri Lanka's new T20 skipper i. Paceman Lasith Malinga, who led Sri Lanka to World Twenty20 title in Bangladesh, has been rewarded with the captaincy in the shortest format as struggling batsman Dinesh Chandimal got the axe on Wednesday. ii. Chandimal orginally was the captain of the side but Malinga had led the team in the final three games, including the summit clash, as stand-in- skipper in their successful campaign. iii. Chandimal, who at 23 became Sri Lanka's youngest captain in any format last year, has seen a dip in his batting form during the World T20. iv. Left-hand batsman Lahiru Thirimanna has been appointed as Malinga's deputy and will also be vice-captain in the Test and ODI team under skipper Angelo Mathews. v. The World T20 win became Sri Lanka's first major international title since they won the World Cup in 1996 under Arjuna Ranatunga. 13. India successfully test fires indigenous Akash missile i. India today test fired its Akash surface-to-air missile from a defence base in Odisha. ii. The indigenously developed missile, with a 27-km range and an effective ceiling of 15 km, was test fired from the Integrated Test Range of Chandipur in the coastal district of Balasore, 230 km from here. iii. The 700-kg all-weather missile can carry a 60-kg warhead at speeds of up to Mach 2.5. It can operate autonomously and simultaneously engage and neutralise different aerial targets. iv. Developed by DRDO, Akash is being produced by Bharat Dynamics Limited as the nodal production agency with the involvement of Bharat Electronics Limited and a large number of other industries.
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Karen Foxx Iran's 'exercise in deceit' - Shlomo Cesana, Dan Lavie, Eli Leon - http://www.israelhayom.com/site/newsletter_article.php?id=16969 Israel skeptical of Iranian announcement regarding limits in output of Arak heavy water reactor * Minister Yuval St Read more ...
einitz: If Iran does not give up uranium enrichment and centrifuges, it will remain a nuclear threshold state and this is unacceptable. Israel believes Iran's Saturday announcement regarding the redesign of its Arak heavy water reactor to greatly limit the amount of plutonium it can produce is little more than an exercise to keep the negotiations going while Iran continues to work toward its goal of developing a nuclear bomb. While the Prime Minister's Office has yet to respond to the Iranian move, International Relations, Intelligence and Strategic Affairs Minister Yuval Steinitz told Israel Hayom that "This is an exercise in deceit on the part of the Iranians. The Iranians are prepared to make concessions, but not on the most critical and threatening issue. They are protecting the core program." Ali Akbar Salehi, who heads the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran, said on Saturday that Iran is on the brink of reaching an agreement regarding the operation of the heavy water plant. "The issue of heavy water reactor ... has been virtually resolved," state television quoted Salehi as saying. "Iran has offered a proposal to ... redesign the heart of the Arak facility and these six countries have agreed to that." Iranian state television quoted Salehi as saying that Iran has proposed to redesign Arak to produce one-fifth of the plutonium initially planned for it. He said that will eliminate concerns the West has that Iran could use the plutonium produced at Arak to build a nuclear weapon. Salehi also told Al-Alam, the Arabic channel of Iranian state television, that a proposal from the six-nation group was to change the heavy water reactor into a light water reactor. He suggested that Iran did not agree because a heavy water reactor is needed to produce radioisotopes to treat medical patients while light water reactor, like the one Iran has at Bushehr, is used to generate electricity. There was no immediate comment from world powers, which include China, France, Germany, the United Kingdom, the U.S. and Russia. However, what to do with Arak, a still under-construction 40-megawatt heavy water plant in central Iran, is a key factor in negotiations. According to Israel and the United States, the Arak reactor was designed to allow the Iranians a path to achieve nuclear weapons using plutonium, in addition to the primary plan of uranium enrichment. Salehi is quoted in media reports as saying that Iran plans to gradually increase its number of centrifuges until it reaches the capacity to enrich 30 tons of uranium per year. He added that Iran plans to maintain its current number of centrifuges, which is about 20,000, for the next four or five years. Salehi reportedly told Al-Alam that on Apr. 12, Iran had completed downgrading much of its uranium stockpile from 20 percent enrichment to 5 percent, in accordance with the Geneva interim deal. Steinitz, who has been leading the Israeli effort to follow talks between Iran and the world powers, said that "It was clear that the Iranians would compromise regarding the reactor in Arak." According to him, the Iranians are trying to manage risks, and decided that after U.S. President Barack Obama declared that they cannot have a heavy water reactor, they announced the limits to be placed on the Arak facility, hoping the deception will succeed. "If the Iranians offer not to switch from heavy water to light water, but instead to lower the reactor's output, that is an unacceptable offer. Instead of being able to create a bomb every year, they will create one every two years," Steinitz said. About a month ago, Steinitz attended the Nuclear Security Summit, where he spoke about the issue with Obama, and more recently, with French officials and with the British foreign secretary. "As long as the Iranians are not prepared to give up on uranium enrichment and centrifuges, they continue to be a nuclear threshold state and we cannot agree to that," Steinitz said. "What is this similar to? It is as if Iran is holding two guns up to the West's head and saying, 'Okay, I will put one gun down on the table.' That means nothing as long as the second gun is still threatening. This is a step that does not solve the problem." An International Atomic Energy Agency report also pointed to a new delay in Iran's construction of a plant designed to turn low-enriched uranium gas into an oxide powder that is not suitable for further processing into highly enriched bomb-grade uranium. Iran told the IAEA last month that the site would be commissioned on Apr. 9. But Thursday's update by the U.N. nuclear watchdog said the commissioning had been put off, without giving any reason. However, "Iran has indicated to the agency that this will not have an adverse impact on the implementation of [its] undertaking" to convert the uranium gas, the agency said. The delay means that Iran's LEU stockpile -- which it agreed to limit under the Geneva pact -- is almost certainly continuing to increase for the time being, because its production of the material has not stopped. Meanwhile, in a speech in honor of Iran's National Army Day, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani made no mention of Israel but said Iran "will not invade any country," although it would "resist any invasion." Some of the military vehicles on display sported signs with the slogans "Death to Israel" and "Death to America."
1 day ago
Save Journalists Hamid Mir Hamid Mir Born 23 July 1966) is a Pakistani journalist, news anchor,and security analyst. He currently hosts the political talk show Capital Talk on Geo TV and also writes columns for Urdu, Hindi, Bengali, and English newspapers. He was tw Read more ...
ice banned from Pakistani television by the Pervez Musharraf government in 2007, and by the Zardari dministration in June 2008. [He has also received the Hilal-i-Imtiaz, Pakistan's second highest civil award. Background Mir was born in Lahore, Punjab, in July 1966. He studied and completed his secondary education at University Laboratory School New Campus and Government Central Model School, Lahore. He received his intermediate degree from Government Science College and his Bachelor of Arts (B.A) degree from Government College. He earned his Master of Arts (M.A) in mass communications from the University of Punjab in 1989. He played cricket but left the sport after the sudden death of his father.[4] Family Mir belongs to a literary and journalistic family. He is a Punjabi of Kashmiri origin. His grandfather Mir Abdul Aziz was an Urdu, Persian, and Punjabi language poet from Sialkot. Mir's father, professor Waris Mir, was also a columnist for Daily Jang and a critic of military dictator general Ziaul Haq,[7] for which he was removed from the chairmanship of the Mass Communication Department of the University in the 1980s. His mother lost her whole family during migration from Jammu to Pakistan in 1947 after partition. Her brothers were killed by rioters in front of her eyes. Her mother was kidnapped. She saved her life by hiding under the dead bodies of her own relatives. His father died on 9 July 1987 under mysterious circumstances at the age of 48; it has been alleged that he was poisoned by the military regime. Mir entered the field of journalism immediately after the death of his father at a very young age. Mir has three brothers, two are also journalists. Amir Mir and Imran Mir. Mir's wife worked with Pakistan television and for a private television channel for many years. The couple has two children. His children and wife were forced to spend at least three months outside Pakistan from May 2007 to July 2007 for security reasons. On 19 April 2014, Mir visited Karachi to participate in a conference against drone attacks. He was attacked by 3 armed men on his way to the Geo Office in Karachi under airport flyover at Shahra e Faisal. According to the driver some unknown armed men followed them after the attack until a local security guard resisted against them which gave the driver time to admit him to a hospital. According to the news from the hospital Mir is not in danger anymore and removed 3 bullets from his body. Journalistic career Mir joined the Daily Jang (Lahore) in 1987 and worked there as sub-editor, reporter, feature writer and edition in charge. In 1994, he broke the submarines purchase scandal in Daily Jang. Some close friends of Asif Zardari (husband of then Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto) were involved in that scandal, along with some Navy officials. Mir lost his job the day his article was published. In 1996, Mir became the editor of the Daily Pakistan in Islamabad, making him the youngest editor of any national Urdu newspaper in the history of Pakistani journalism. He lost his job again in 1997, when he wrote an article in the Daily Pakistan about the alleged corruption of prime minister Nawaz Sharif. Also on 25 December 1997, he launched Daily Ausaf (Islamabad) as founding editor. Mir went eastern Afghanistan, where he investigated the escape of Osama bin Laden from Tora Bora mountains in December 2001. Mir visited the caves of bin Ladin, during the American bombing. Mir also disclosed that it was U.S.-backed Northern Alliance leader Hazrat Ali who provided safe passage to bin Laden after getting a huge bribe. In 2002, Mir joined GEO TV as the Northern Region editor. Since November 2002, he has hosted GEO TV's Capital Talk, a political talk show in which top Pakistanipoliticians from the government and opposition have appeared. He is also writing a biography of Osama bin Laden, as well as a weekly column in Daily Jang. He has interviewed Condoleezza Rice, Tony Blair and L K Advani. Mir was arrested by Hezbullah in Beirut during Israel-Lebanon war in July 2006 while trying to cover the scenes of Israeli jets bombing on Beirut, but was later set free after Hezbullah was assured that he was not an Israeli spy. On 16 March 2007, during live coverage of the lawyers' protest against the suspension of the Chief Justice of Supreme Court Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry, Mir was attacked by police at his Islamabad office.[ Later the then President, Pervez Musharraf apologised to Mir in his live TV show Capital Talk within few hours of the attack. Mir was banned by General Pervez Musharraf in November 2007 for four months on Geo News network. Mir came on roads after the ban and organised street shows. He became famous after staging shows on the roads, gathering huge crowds. The Washington Postpublished a front-page article on his show on the roads. [ He was again banned by the government of Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) in June 2008 for a few days on Geo News. His investigative documentary on the assassination of former prime minister Benazir Bhutto aired on Geo TV on 23 December 2008, and created considerable controversy in Pakistan. Mir worked as a voice of peace and objective journalism during the India–Pakistan tension created after the Mumbai attacks in November 2008. Der Spiegel declared him the most popular journalist in Pakistan. Mir has participated in many international seminars and conferences on terrorism. He appears often on CNN, BBC and many Indian channels as a security analyst.[ Mir claimed in an interview with independent online news source Canadian FreePress.com—that al-Qaeda had acquired three so called 'suitcase nukes' from Russia, and had successfully smuggled them to Europe. Mir alleges these weapons have been in the possession of al-Qaeda since long before the September 11 attacks, and that they were originally intended to be targeted against London, Paris and Los Angeles. Mir also claims that al-Qaeda has 23 sleeper agents inside the United States (minus the 19 who died carrying out the 9/11 attacks) and that these terrorists already have enough radioactive material for six 'dirty bombs'. In May 2010, an audio tape of a conversation between Mir and one Usman Punjabi who was allegedly the 2nd in command of Hakimullah Mehsud surfaced. In the tape they discussed then-kidnappedKhalid Khawaja with Mir urging that he be further interrogated by his Taliban-linked captors. Khawaja was killed in April 2010 by his captors. Rashed Rahman, editor of the English-language Daily Times newspaper said "If this tape turns out to be genuine, it suggests a journalist instigated the murder of a kidnapee. A line must be drawn somewhere.".[27] Mir has denied the authenticity of the tape "I never said these things to these people. This is a concocted tape, [..] They took my voice, sampled it and manufactured this conspiracy against me." Nothing was proved against Mir in any court. Later on Usman Punjabi was killed by Taliban.[28] Controversy During his career he has come into conflict with the authorities and been banned or limited from reporting on several occasions: • In October 2005, he covered the relief work of Kashmiri militants in Pakistan administered Azad Kashmir after an earthquake. His journalistic work established the presence of militants in Kashmir, and the Musharraf regime threatened to ban him from TV.[citation needed] • Mir opposed so-called peace agreements between Taliban and Army in FATA in 2005 and annoyed powerful generals. Then Pakistan Army spokesman Major General Shaukat Sultan declared Mir a traitor on state-controlled Pakistan television in 2005.[citation needed] • Mir visited Bajour tribal area in January 2006 after a US missile attack in Damadola village. He again proved that the US missiles killed only innocent children and women, not Al Qaeda militants.[29][dead link] • Mir started discussing the role of Pakistani intelligence agencies in his famous talk show in 2006, and the Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority issued him a show cause notice for committing treason.[citation needed] • Musharraf declared Hamid Mir a Taliban sympathiser after the emergency rule of 2007 and banned him from Geo TV for more than four months. In an interview with Monthly Newsline Karachi(December 2008 issue), Mir explained his differences with Musharraf. He claimed that actually he exposed the double games of secret agency ISI playing in the Red Mosque of Islamabad in a face to face meeting with the president. Mir presented some evidence that ISI was helping some militants who were creating law and order situation in the Capital. ISI turned against Mir after that meeting and propagated that Mir is a media face of Taliban. In fact Mir received threats from some militant groups when wrote investigative stories on Taliban.[30] Notable papers, awards and work • Awarded Hilal-e-Imtiaz on 14 August 2012 for his services in Journalism by the PPP government under President Zardari.[3] • Earned an All Pakistan Newspapers Society (APNS) award for best columnist (Urdu) for the years 1996,1997,and 1998. • Received the Maharishi Samman Award for Excellence in Journalism announced by Trust for Media Studies, in Jodhpur, India in March 2005. • Awarded the Fatima Jinnah Gold Medal from the Ministry of Women Development, Government of Pakistan for writing and speaking in support of women's rights, in August 2005. • Interviewed Osama Bin Laden for the Daily Pakistan in 1997, for the Daily Ausaf in 1998, and for the Daily Dawn in 2001.[31][32] The latter was the first interview after 9/11 by any journalist, and the BBC and CNN declared it an international scoop. The Monthly Herald announced that interview as the scoop of the year in its annual issue of December 2001.[31] • Author of a book on the political philosophy of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, published in 1990, which is still in print. • On 26 March 2010, The foundation of South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation Writers and Literature have nominated Mir for the SAARC Lifetime Achievement Award 2010.[33][34] • In December 2011, Hamid Mir received Several Death Threats after he hosted a TV show on Influence of ISI in Pakistan Politics. • Hamid Mir was declared most popular current affairs TV anchor in March 2012.[35] • On 26 November 2012, a bag containing a bomb was found under his car but that was not exploded and was defused by bomb experts and Mir remained safe.[36][37] • On 13 April 2013, a video surfaced on social media showing Hamid Mir receiving "Friends of Liberation War Honour" award by Sheikh Hasina. The video created a minor controversy in Pakistan
2 days ago
Penny Gulliver
Self Protection Consultancy
TONIGHT 7pm A Current Affair Channel 9 Segment on Tips to deal with Robbery tonight . With Expert advive from Penny Gulliver www.self protectionconsultancy.com.au running inhouse workshops . Photos of interview done at my home. call 0411808451 to boo Read more ...
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2 days ago
Penny Gulliver
Self Protection Consultancy
TONIGHT 7pm A Current Affair Channel 9 Segment on Tips to deal with Robbery tonight . With Expert advive from Penny Gulliver www.self protectionconsultancy.com.au running inhouse workshops . Photos of interview done at my home. call 0411808451 to boo Read more ...
k a workshop for your organisation
2 days ago
WorkshopsFor Self Defence.We Come to You
Self Protection Consultancy
TONIGHT 7pm A Current Affair Channel 9 Segment on Tips to deal with Robbery tonight . With Expert advive from Penny Gulliver www.self protectionconsultancy.com.au running inhouse workshops . Photos of interview done at my home. call 0411808451 to boo Read more ...
k a workshop for your organisation
2 days ago
Penny Gulliver
Self Protection Consultancy
TONIGHT 7pm A Current Affair Channel 9 Segment on Tips to deal with Robbery tonight . With Expert advive from Penny Gulliver www.self protectionconsultancy.com.au running inhouse workshops . Photos of interview done at my home. call 0411808451 to boo Read more ...
k a workshop for your organisation
2 days ago
Self Protection Consultancy TONIGHT 7pm A Current Affair Channel 9 Segment on Tips to deal with Robbery tonight . With Expert advive from Penny Gulliver www.self protectionconsultancy.com.au running inhouse workshops . Photos of interview done at my home. call 0411808451 to boo Read more ...
k a workshop for your organisation
2 days ago
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