Snopes urban legend posts
I have chosen to hide the article about the restaurant that supposedly reviewed tapes from 2004 and compared them to today. There are no citations in the article and the source website is of curious provenance. While I haven't seen the article in Sno Read more ... pes, the article seems to fit the profile of an urban legend.
3 days ago
Claim: Lemons can help ward off and cure cancer.
MIXTURE OF TRUE AND FALSE INFORMATION
Example: [Collected via e-mail, March 2011]
Lemon (Citrus) is a miraculous product that kills cancer cells. It is 10,000 times stronge Read more ... r than chemotherapy.
Why do we not know about that? Because there are laboratories interested in making a synthetic version that will bring them huge profits. You can now help a friend in need by letting him/her know that lemon juice is beneficial in preventing the disease. Its taste is pleasant and it does not produce the horrific effects of chemotherapy. How many people will die while this closely guarded secret is kept, so as not to jeopardize the beneficial multimillionaires large corporations? As you know, the lemon tree is known for its varieties of lemons and limes. You can eat the fruit in different ways: you can eat the pulp, juice press, prepare drinks, sorbets, pastries, etc... It is credited with many virtues, but the most interesting is the effect it produces on cysts and tumors. This plant is a proven remedy against cancers of all types. Some say it is very useful in all variants of cancer. It is considered also as an anti microbial spectrum against bacterial infections and fungi, effective against internal parasites and worms, it regulates blood pressure which is too high and an antidepressant, combats stress and nervous disorders.
The source of this information is fascinating: it comes from one of the largest drug manufacturers in the world, says that after more than 20 laboratory tests since 1970, the extracts revealed that: It destroys the malignant cells in 12 cancers, including colon, breast, prostate, lung and pancreas ... The compounds of this tree showed 10,000 times better than the product Adriamycin, a drug normally used chemotherapeutic in the world, slowing the growth of cancer cells. And what is even more astonishing: this type of therapy with lemon extract only destroys malignant cancer cells and it does not affect healthy cells.
Institute of Health Sciences, 819 N. L.L.C. Cause Street, Baltimore, MD1201
Variations: By May 2012, this preface about sprinkling frozen lemon rind on one's food had come to be added to the preceding item:
Many professionals in restaurants and eateries are using or consuming the entire lemon and nothing is wasted.
How can you use the whole lemon without waste? Simple.. place the washed lemon in the freezer section of your refrigerator. Once the lemon is frozen, get your grater, and shred the whole lemon (no need to peel it) and sprinkle it on top of your foods.
Sprinkle it to your vegetable salad, ice cream, soup, cereals, noodles, spaghetti sauce, rice, sushi, fish dishes, whisky, wine.... the list is endless. All of the foods will
unexpectedly have a wonderful taste, something that you may have never tasted before. Most likely, you only think of lemon juice and vitamin C. Not anymore. Now that you've learned this lemon secret, you can use lemon even in instant cup noodles.
What's the major advantage of using the whole lemon other than preventing waste and adding new taste to your dishes? Well, you see lemon peels contain as much as 5 to 10 times more vitamins than the lemon juice itself. And yes, that's what you've been wasting. But from now on, by following this simple procedure of freezing the whole lemon, then grating it on top of your dishes, you can consume all of those nutrients and get even healthier. It's also good that lemon peels are health rejuvenators in eradicating toxic elements in the body.
So place your washed lemon in your freezer, and then grate it on your meal every day. It is a key to make your foods tastier and you get to live healthier and longer! That's the lemon secret! Better late than never, right? The surprising benefits of lemon!
Origins: Although this item about the supposed cancer-curing properties of lemons was originally circulated with a tag line suggesting that it had been issued by Baltimore's Health Sciences Institute (a subsidiary of Newmarket Health, which is located at 819 N. Charles Street in Baltimore), that agency has denied any connection to this piece.
It is true in a general sense that lemons (and citrus fruits in general) provide a number of useful nutritional and health benefits, as described in the Encyclopedia of Healing Foods:
The fruit juice contains mainly sugars and fruit acids, which are made mainly of citric acid. Lemon peel consists of two layers: the outermost layer ("zest"), which contains essential oils (6 percent) that are composed mostly of limonene (90 percent) and citral (5 percent), plus a small amount of cintronellal, alphaterpineol, linayl, and geranyl acetate. The inner layer contains no essential oil but instead houses a variety of bitter flavone glycosides and coumarin derivatives.
Lemons are an excellent source of vitamin C. In addition, they are a good source of vitamin B6, potassium, folic acid, flavonoids, and the important phytochemical limonene. A 3½-ounce (100 gram) serving is about 2 medium lemons and provides 29 calories, 1.1 grams of protein, 0.3 grams of fat, and 9.3 grams of carbohydrate, with 2.8 grams of fiber and 2.5 grams of natural sugars.
The phytochemical limonene, which is extracted from lemons, is currently being used in clinical trials to dissolve gallstones and is showing extremely promising anticancer activities.
Several academic papers published in the last decade have also suggested that lemons, as well as other citrus fruits, might possess some substantial anti-cancer properties. For example, a 2002 report on the medicinal use of citrus issued by the University of Florida's Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences noted that:
Recent research has focused on the biological activity of compounds found in citrus species, including compounds called flavanoids, carotenoids and limonoids, especially in terms of their effects on citrus palatability and anti-cancer activity. Citrus flavonoids have potential antioxidant (prevents aging), anti-cancer, antiviral, anti-inflammatory activities, effects on capillarity, and cholesterol-lowering ability. The principal carotenoids in pink grapefruit are lycopene and beta-carotene. Lycopene-containing fruits and vegetables have been shown to contribute to a significant reduction in prostate and mammary cancer risk.
Recent studies have further shown that limonoids inhibit the development of cancer in laboratory animals and in human breast cancer cells as well as reducing cholesterol. Researchers have also suggested that, if ingested, limonoids may not be absorbed in the large intestine, and therefore could be distributed throughout the body, with beneficial effects.
Likewise, a 2000 paper from University of California Davis on "The Potential of Citrus Limonoids as Anticancer Agents" observed that:
Vitamin C and flavonoids are antioxidants, substances that neutralize active oxygen species which can damage body cells and contribute to chronic diseases including cancer. Carotenoids, colored pigments in fruits and vegetables such as beta-carotene, lycopene, and lutein, also provide some antioxidant protection, but have other beneficial actions involving cell growth and vision. Folate is a B vitamin that is needed for the synthesis of DNA, and therefore is important for the integrity of genetic material in cells and the healthy growth of tissues. Recent information indicates that mild folate deficiency alters the structure of DNA in a way that may decrease the expression of tumor suppressor proteins. A survey of food folate sources showed that orange juice is the largest contributor to the food folate intake in the U.S. population. Recent research suggests that U.S. consumers may be getting another health benefit from orange juice and other citrus products — phytochemicals called limonoids — which appear to possess substantial anticancer activity.
And a 2004 ScienceDaily article reported on similar research from Texas A&M University's Kingsville Citrus Center:
Research by Texas Agriculture Experiment Station scientists has shown that citrus compounds called limonoids targeted and stopped neuroblastoma cells in the lab. They now hope to learn the reasons for the stop-action behavior and eventually try the citrus concoction in humans.
Neuroblastomas account for about 10 percent of all cancer in children, Harris said, and is usually a solid tumor in the neck, chest, spinal cord or adrenal gland. The finding in citrus is promising not only for its potential to arrest cancer, but because limonoids induce no side affects, according to Dr. Ed Harris, Experiment Station biochemist who collaborated on the study with Dr. Bhimu Patil, a plant physiologist at the Texas A&M University-Kingsville Citrus Center in Weslaco.
"Limonoids are naturally occurring compounds," Harris said. "Unlike other anti-cancer drugs that are toxic, limonoids apparently do not hurt a person. That's the beautiful potential."
Patil calls citrus fruit "a vast reservoir of anti-carcinogens." As a plant physiologist, he has succeeded in isolating and purifying a number of limonoids from citrus so that the biochemists could evaluate and compare their anti-cancer abilities at the molecular level.
"Limonoids are unique to citrus," Patil said. "They are not present in any other fruits or vegetables. My goal is to find the direct benefits of citrus on human health."
However, the best that can be said at this point is that citrus fruits may potentially harbor anti-cancer properties that could help ward off cancer. No reputable scientific or medical studies have reported that lemons have definitively been found to be a "proven remedy against cancers of all types," nor has any of the (conveniently unnamed) "world's largest drug manufacturers" reported discovering that lemons are "10,000 times stronger than chemotherapy" and that their ingestion can "destroy malignant [cancer] cells." All of those claims are hyperbole and exaggeration not supported by facts.
Last updated: 17 June 2014
Urban Legends Reference Pages © 1995-2014 by snopes.com.
This material may not be reproduced without permission.
snopes and the snopes.com logo are registered service marks of snopes.com.
Carper, Jean. The Food Pharmacy.
New York: Bantam Books, 1988. ISBN 0-5533-4524-9 (p. 222-223).
Ferguson, J.J. and Timothy M. Spann. "Medicinal Use of Citrus."
University of Florida. October 2002.
Jacob, Robert, et al. "The Potential of Citrus Limonoids as Anticancer Agents."
Perishables Handling Quarterly. May 2000.
Murray, Michael. The Encyclopedia of Healing Foods.
New York: Atria Books, 2005. ISBN 0-7434-8052-X (pp. 286-287).
ScienceDaily. "Citrus Shows Promise for Certain Childhood Cancer."
1 December 2004.
Read more at http://www.snopes.com/medical/disease/lemons.asp#djA8AiYeA14Yjbsb.99
14 days ago
POPPING THOSE CONSERVATIVE REPUBLICAN AIR HEAD'S BUBBLES..IS TOO EASY. BUT OF COURSE THEY CAN'T OR WON'T READ. THEY JUST KEEP POSTING OLD, RIGHT WING, FABRICATED, ALTERED, AND EVEN OUTRIGHT LIES. AND THEN ANOTHER POST RIGHT NEXT TO THE FALSE ONE Read more ... WILL BE A HEAVENLY PRAYER ASKING GOD TO STRIGHTEN OUT OBAMA.
Drug Tests for Welfare Recipients
Claim: Various states have passed laws requiring that public assistance recipients pass a drug testing program.
[Collected via e-mail, January 2011]
I've regularly seen this post today on Facebook:
"Kentucky just passed a great law. To be eligible for food stamps, medicaid, or cash assistance for your children or yourself, you have to pass a DRUG test. Now every other state should do the same! If you agree re-post."
Is there any truth to this?
[Collected via e-mail, August 2011]
One down......49 to go!!!
Florida is the first state as of June 1, 2011- Hooray for Florida!
Florida is the first state that is now going to require drug testing for welfare! Some people are crying this is unconstitutional. How is this unconstitutional? It's completely legal that every other working person had to pass a drug test in order to have a J-O-B that supports those on welfare? Forward if you agree!! Let's get Welfare back to the ones who NEED it, not those that WON'T get a JOB.....I AGREE!!!
Pass it on if you agree!!!!
Origins: On 7 January 2011, HB208 was introduced to the Kentucky state legislature's House of Representatives. That bill sought to modify existing state rules to require that adults who receive public assistance participate in (and pass) a substance abuse screening program once a year:
(10) (a) The cabinet shall design and implement a substance abuse screening program for adult persons receiving or seeking to receive monetary public assistance, food stamps under the federal food stamp program, or assistance under the state medical assistance program, with the screening program including periodic testing of the person's blood or urine for the presence of controlled substances as set out in this section.
(b) An adult person shall be ineligible for public assistance if:
1. The person does not participate in the substance abuse screening program established under this section; or
2. The person tests positive in a substance abuse test administered by the program for the presence of:
a. A schedule I controlled substance; or
b. A schedule II - V controlled substance not prescribed for that person.
(c) The substance abuse testing component of the screening program shall be designed so as to require that testing occurs as an initial condition precedent prior to the receipt of public assistance and once for each subsequent year the adult person receives public assistance, with the person being randomly assigned a month within that year to submit to testing upon receipt of reasonable notice from the cabinet.
(d) The results of testing conducted under this subsection shall not be admissible in any criminal proceeding without the consent of the person tested.
However, contrary to what was stated in the Facebook-circulated example cited above, it is false to say that Kentucky "passed" such a law. The bill was merely a proposal which was introduced to one house of the state legislature and was not brought to a vote.
According to the [Louisville] Courier-Journal:
The [bill's] sponsor, Lancaster Republican Lonnie Napier, said in an interview that he plans to amend the bill to allow those who fail the drug tests to continue receiving assistance if they agree to undergo state-paid substance abuse treatment.
If they refuse treatment, they would lose the assistance, he said.
Napier said the goal "is to get people off drugs."
"I'm not a hard-hearted guy," he said. "I believe there is a need for public assistance for those who need it, but I understand some are using these funds to buy drugs."
In July 2011, the state of Florida enacted a law requiring adults applying for welfare assistance to undergo drug screening:
Saying it is "unfair for Florida taxpayers to subsidize drug addiction," Gov. Rick Scott signed legislation requiring adults applying for welfare assistance to undergo drug screening.
"It's the right thing for taxpayers," Scott said after signing the measure. "It's the right thing for citizens of this state that need public assistance. We don't want to waste tax dollars. And also, we want to give people an incentive to not use drugs."
Under the law, which takes effect on July 1, the Florida Department of Children and Family Services will be required to conduct the drug tests on adults applying to the federal Temporary Assistance for Needy Families program. The aid recipients would be responsible for the cost of the screening, which they would recoup in their assistance if they qualify. Those who fail the required drug testing may designate another individual to receive the benefits on behalf of their children.
Enforcement of the Florida law was temporarily halted in October 2011 through a temporary injunction issued by a federal judge after the American Civil Liberties Union filed suit on behalf of a Florida resident who was denied benefits when he refused to take a drug test, arguing that mandatory drug testing of welfare recipients without probable cause violated the constitutional prohibition against unreasonable searches and seizures:
A federal judge in Orlando temporarily blocked Florida's controversial law requiring welfare applicants be drug tested in order to receive benefits.
Judge Mary Scriven issued a temporary injunction against the state, writing in a 37-page order that the law could violate the Constitution's Fourth Amendment ban on illegal search and seizure.
In her order, Scriven issued a scathing assessment of the state's argument in favor of the drug tests, saying the state failed to prove "special needs" as to why it should conduct such searches without probable cause or reasonable suspicion, as the law requires.
"If invoking an interest in preventing public funds from potentially being used to fund drug use were the only requirement to establish a special need," Scriven wrote, "the state could impose drug testing as an eligibility requirement for every beneficiary of every government program. Such blanket intrusions cannot be countenanced under the Fourth Amendment."
In December 2013, a U.S. District Judge upheld that ruling and struck down the Florida drug testing law:
A U.S. judge has struck down a Florida law requiring drug screening for welfare recipients, saying that it violated the constitutional protection against unreasonable searches.
The testing fee of $25 to $45 was to be repaid by the state if the test came back negative, but applicants who tested positive would have been barred from receiving benefits for a year.
Judge Mary Scriven permanently halted enforcement of the law in her ruling. She agreed with an earlier court finding that "there is nothing inherent in the condition of being impoverished that supports the conclusion that there is a concrete danger that impoverished individuals are prone to drug use ..."
During the time the law was in effect, about 2.6 percent of recipients tested positive for illegal drugs, mostly for marijuana, according to the court documents.
The failure rate was well below that of the general population. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services found in a 2009 survey that about ,8.7 percent, of the population aged 12 or older had used illicit drugs in the previous month.
Generally, the courts have allowed suspicionless drug testing only when public safety is at risk, such as for armed officers or railroad workers who operate heavy equipment.
In July 2011, Missouri governor Jay Nixon signed off on a similar drug screening bill in that state:
Missouri Gov. Jay Nixon has signed legislation requiring drug screens for some individuals receiving or applying for certain welfare benefits.
Officials will administer drug tests when they have reasonable cause to believe an applicant or recipient is using illegal drugs.
Under the bill, welfare recipients would lose their benefits for three years if they fail a urine test that screens for narcotics. But the measure would allow them to receive benefits if they complete a drug treatment program and do not test positive again.
In 1999 the state of Michigan implemented a program requiring random drug testing for welfare recipients, but that program was halted after a federal court ruled that it violated Fourth Amendment protections against unreasonable search and seizure.
In May 2012, Oklahoma passed a law requiring welfare applicants to be screened for possible drug use and drug tested upon suspicion they are using. They would be denied benefits if they test positive.
Last updated: 2 January 2014
Urban Legends Reference Pages © 1995-2014 by snopes.com.
This material may not be reproduced without permission.
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Read more at http://www.snopes.com/politics/medical/welfare.asp#6LUGL90T64m5pOls.99
15 days ago
The story that says the drinking age will be 25 come August was written by the Sunday Times Daily and its link includes an ABC logo. "As of August 2, 2014 legal age to drink wil be 25. There has been controversy whether 21 is too young to make decis Read more ... ions. Alot of citizens state at that age they are not mentally responsible to drink. So the legislation at the White House has come to an agreement to have legal age changed to 25," reads the typo-riddled excerpt attached to the link. It's completely false. No such change is coming: The Sunday Times Daily is a mock news website that encourages users to write their own material. When folks click on the link to see the website (if they do at all), they'll be met with a message notifying them that they've been tricked -- as well as an image of Leonardo DiCaprio's Gatsby toasting a champagne glass. As of this writing, the story has been visited more than 5,800,000 times, the website says. The fake article has gained so much traction, the fact-checking, myth-busting, urban legend research website Snopes addressed the issue on June 17 . So, for all those people under 25 and close to turning 21, relax.
22 days ago
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